ID 0045

State Government of New South Wales beginning 15 November 1916 - period in office of Premier Holman, William Arthur ending on 13 April 1920

Period in office of premier (see Glossary entry for 'period in office' and related terms)

Holman, William Arthur
Date of beginning of period in office
15 November 1916
Date of end of period in office
13 April 1920 
Reason for end of preceding period in office
Change of partisan support for premier/PM 
Reason for end of this government
Loss of general election
Number of days in office

Parliamentary support during period

Party affiliation of premier at start of period
Nationalist Party
If coalition government
Coalition partner 1
Coalition partner 2
Coalition partner 3
Coalition partner 4
Party support in parliament at beginning of period
If change in parliamentary support during period
If further change during period

Number of ministers at beginning of period (this may vary during the period)

Total number of ministers
Number from party of premier
Number from coalition party 1
Number from coalition party 2
Number from upper house
Number who are women

Assembly elections contested as premier or after which became premier (see Glossary entry for 'after election')

* to view table drag left or right.
Election Premier at election Premier's party Premier after election Premier's party
NSW 20 March 1920William Arthur HolmanNationalist PartyJohn StoreyAustralian Labor Party
NSW 24 March 1917William Arthur HolmanNationalist PartyWilliam Arthur HolmanNationalist Party
NSW 6 December 1913William Arthur HolmanAustralian Labor PartyWilliam Arthur HolmanAustralian Labor Party

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Change of partisan support for premier (Holman): Beginning of Holman's second period in office; 'The 1916 State conference of the Labor Party resolved that candidates who supported conscription should not be endorsed. However, during the campaign for the first conscription referendum held on 28 October 1916, Holman and some of his cabinet campaigned in support of conscription;...' After the referendum, enough Labor MLAs withdrew their support from the Holman government to force him to seek support from Liberal MLAs and create a new party grouping under the name of the Nationalist Party (Nationalists). After some manoeuvring, a Nationalist government '...was formed of five Holmanites and six Liberals and one Progressive', Hughes and Graham pp. 65-66, (see 'Sources', below); see also Michael Hogan, '1917', in Michael Hogan and David Clune (editors), The People's Choice: Electoral Politics in 20th Century New South Wales, vol. 1 (1901 to 1927), pp. 153-179, (Sydney: Parliament of New South Wales and University of Sydney, 2001, ISBN 0909907390). The role of the Governor in the circumstances surrounding the formation of the Holman Nationalist ministry was controversial, see Herbert Vere Evatt, The King and his Dominion Governors: A Study of the Reserve Powers of the Crown in Great Britain and the Dominions, 2nd edition, pp. 146-152, (Melbourne: Cheshire, 1967).

Loss of election (Holman): See Michael Hogan, '1920', in Michael Hogan and David Clune (editors), The People's Choice: Electoral Politics in 20th Century New South Wales, vol. 1 (1901 to 1927), pp. 181-234, (Sydney: Parliament of New South Wales and University of Sydney, 2001, ISBN 0909907390).

See previous period in office in this series for New South Wales for details of Holman's Labor government.

References: For an analysis of the role of Premier in New South Wales, see David Clune and Ken Turner, 'Introduction: The Changing Role of the Premier in the 20th Century', pp. 1-14, in Clune and Turner vol. 2 (see, 'Sources', below).

For a survey of Holman's political career, see Michael Hogan, 'William Arthur Holman', in Clune and Turner, vol. 2, pp. 117-139 (see 'Sources', below), and Bede Nairn, 'Holman, William Arthur (1871-1934)', in Bede Nairn and Geoffrey Searle (general editors), Australian Dictionary of Biography, vol. 9, pp. 340-347, (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1983, ISBN 0522842739); for an extensive study, see Herbert Vere Evatt, Australian Labour Leader: The Story of W A Holman and the Labour Movement, (Sydney: Angus and Robertson, 1940).


David Clune and Ken Turner (editors), The Premiers of New South Wales, vol. 2, (1901-2005), (Sydney: Federation Press, 2006, ISBN 186287551); Colin A Hughes and B D Graham, A Handbook of Australian Government and Politics 1890-1964, pp. 57-85, (Canberra: Australian National University Press, 1968, SBN 708102700); New South Wales, Parliament, The New South Wales Parliamentary Record: Legislative Council and Legislative Assembly, 1824-1999, vol. VI, pp. 246-308, (Sydney: Parliament of New South Wales, 1999). In consulting these sources, note the difference between ministries and periods in office.