ID 0041

State Government of New South Wales beginning 30 August 1904 - period in office of Premier Carruthers, Joseph Hector McNeil ending on 2 October 1907



Period in office of premier (see Glossary entry for 'period in office' and related terms)

Premier
Carruthers, Joseph Hector McNeil
Date of beginning of period in office
30 August 1904
Date of end of period in office
2 October 1907 
Reason for end of preceding period in office
Loss of general election 
Reason for end of this government
Change of party leader (see note)
Number of days in office
1,128 

Parliamentary support during period

Party affiliation of premier at start of period
Liberal Party
If coalition government
Coalition partner 1
--none--
Coalition partner 2
--none--
Coalition partner 3
--none--
Coalition partner 4
--none--
Party support in parliament at beginning of period
Minority
If change in parliamentary support during period
--none--  
If further change during period
--none--  

Number of ministers at beginning of period (this may vary during the period)

Total number of ministers
9
Number from party of premier
9
Number from coalition party 1
0
Number from coalition party 2
0
Number from upper house
1
Number who are women
0

Assembly elections contested as premier or after which became premier (see Glossary entry for 'after election')

* to view table drag left or right.
Election Premier at election Premier's party Premier after election Premier's party
NSW 10 September 1907Joseph Hector McNeil CarruthersLiberal PartyJoseph Hector McNeil CarruthersLiberal Party
NSW 6 August 1904Thomas WaddellProgressive Party (Progressives)Joseph Hector McNeil CarruthersLiberal Party

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Notes

Loss of election (Waddell): Beginning of Carruthers's period in office; 'Following the overwhelming defeat of the Protectionist ministry at the August 1904 election, Waddell resigned and the Governor commissioned Carruthers' Hughes and Graham, p. 61, and see Michael Hogan, '1904', in Michael Hogan and David Clune (editors), The People's Choice: Electoral Politics in 20th Century New South Wales, vol. 1 (1901 to 1927), pp. 29-57, (Sydney: Parliament of New South Wales and University of Sydney, 2001, ISBN 0909907390).

Change of party leader (Carruthers): Carruthers resigned as Premier less than three weeks after winning an election; 'Exhausted by campaigning and vilification, he suddenly resigned the premiership at the end of September pleading ill health and advised the Governor, Sir Harry Rawson, to send for (Sir) Gregory Wade', Ward, p. 577, (see 'References', below). See also Michael Hogan, '1907', in Michael Hogan and David Clune (editors), The People's Choice: Electoral Politics in 20th Century New South Wales, vol. 1 (1901 to 1927), pp. 59-90, at p. 89 (Sydney: Parliament of New South Wales and University of Sydney, 2001, ISBN 0909907390).

References: For an analysis of the role of Premier in New South Wales, see David Clune and Ken Turner, 'Introduction: The Changing Role of the Premier in the 20th Century', pp. 1-14, in Clune and Turner vol. 2 (see, 'Sources', below).

For a survey of Carruthers's political career, see Don Harwin, 'Joseph (later Sir Joseph) Hector Carruthers', in Clune and Turner, vol. 2, pp. 45-75 (see 'Sources', below), and John M Ward, 'Carruthers, Sir Joseph Hector McNeil (1856-1932)', in Bede Nairn and Geoffrey Searle (general editors) Australian Dictionary of Biography, vol. 7, pp. 574-578, (Melbourne; Melbourne University Press, 1979, ISBN 0522841856).

Sources

David Clune and Ken Turner (editors), The Premiers of New South Wales, vol. 2, (1901-2005), (Sydney: Federation Press, 2006, ISBN 186287551); Colin A Hughes and B D Graham, A Handbook of Australian Government and Politics 1890-1964, pp. 57-85, (Canberra: Australian National University Press, 1968, SBN 708102700); New South Wales, Parliament, The New South Wales Parliamentary Record: Legislative Council and Legislative Assembly, 1824-1999, vol. VI, pp. 246-308, (Sydney: Parliament of New South Wales, 1999). In consulting these sources, note the difference between ministries and periods in office.

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