ID 0037

State Government of New South Wales beginning 3 August 1894 - period in office of Premier Reid [premier], George Houston ending on 14 September 1899

Period in office of premier (see Glossary entry for 'period in office' and related terms)

Reid [premier], George Houston
Date of beginning of period in office
3 August 1894
Date of end of period in office
14 September 1899 
Reason for end of preceding period in office
Loss of general election 
Reason for end of this government
Defeat in parliament (see note)
Number of days in office

Parliamentary support during period

Party affiliation of premier at start of period
Free Trade Party
If coalition government
Coalition partner 1
Coalition partner 2
Coalition partner 3
Coalition partner 4
Party support in parliament at beginning of period
If change in parliamentary support during period
If further change during period

Number of ministers at beginning of period (this may vary during the period)

Total number of ministers
Number from party of premier
Number from coalition party 1
Number from coalition party 2
Number from upper house
Number who are women

Assembly elections contested as premier or after which became premier (see Glossary entry for 'after election')

* to view table drag left or right.
Election Premier at election Premier's party Premier after election Premier's party
NSW 27 July 1898George Houston Reid [premier]Free Trade PartyGeorge Houston Reid [premier]Free Trade Party
NSW 24 July 1895George Houston Reid [premier]Free Trade PartyGeorge Houston Reid [premier]Free Trade Party
NSW 17 July 1894George Richard DibbsProtectionist PartyGeorge Houston Reid [premier]Free Trade Party

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Loss of election (Dibbs): Beginning of Reid's period in office; 'Following the July 1894 election which gave Free Trade an absolute majority in the Legislative Assembly, Dibbs resigned and Reid was commissioned to form a new government', Hughes and Graham, p. 59, (see 'Sources' below).

Defeat in parliament (Reid): Reid; 'Resigned after defeat in Legislative Assembly on censure motion', see Clune and Turner, vol. 1 table 3, pp. 228-229 (see 'Sources', below).

Reid went on to become prime minister of a Free Trade Party government in Canberra (see 'References', below), the first of only two premiers to move to federal politics and become prime minister. Reid held office as prime minister for 10 months in 1904-1905, but did not contest a federal election as prime minister. The other premier to become prime minister was Lyons, the premier of Tasmania in the 1920s who was prime minister of a United Australia Party government from 1932 to 1939, dying in office. Lyons is the only premier to become prime minister after winning a federal election.

References: For a description and analysis of the style of parliamentary government in this period see David Clune and Ken Turner, 'Introduction: The Colonial Premiers', pp. 1-12, in Clune and Turner vol. 1 (see, 'Sources', below).

For a survey of Reid's political career, see Michael Hogan, 'George (later Sir George) Houstoun Reid', in Clune and Turner, vol. 1, pp. 191-206 (see 'Sources', below), and W G McMinn, 'Reid, Sir George Houston (1845-1918)', in Geoffrey Searle (general editor) Australian Dictionary of Biography, vol. 11, pp. 347-354, (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1988, ISBN 0522843808).


David Clune and Ken Turner (editors), The Premiers of New South Wales, vol. 1, (1856-1901), (Sydney: Federation Press, 2006, ISBN 186287550); Colin A Hughes and B D Graham, A Handbook of Australian Government and Politics 1890-1964, pp. 57-85, (Canberra: Australian National University Press, 1968, SBN 708102700); New South Wales, Parliament, The New South Wales Parliamentary Record: Legislative Council and Legislative Assembly, 1824-1999, vol. VI, pp. 246-308, (Sydney: Parliament of New South Wales, 1999). In consulting these sources, note the difference between ministries and periods in office.