|Election||Premier at election||Premier's party||Premier after election||Premier's party|
|VIC 22 February 1883||Bryan O'Loghlen||Support from parliamentary factions and independents||James Service||Ministerialists (Conservative)|
Defeat in parliament (Berry): Beginning of O'Loghlen's period in office; Radical reform measures had lost their support and Berry delayed introducing another constitutional reform bill. When an agreement was finally reached between the Assembly and the Legislative Council in June 1881, some changes to the size, length of term, and franchise for the Council were accepted, but the powers of the Council remained unchanged. Supporters of financial aid for Catholic schools had become dissatisfied with the Berry government, and '... the Berry era closed, his third ministry defeated on a no confidence motion.' Strangio, p.66-67 (see 'References', below). The want of confidence motion was moved by O'Loghlen, and passed 41 to 38 in the early hours of 1 July 1881; Victoria Parliamentary Debates, 1880-1 Session, vol. 36, 30 June 1881, pp 2918-2919. Berry asked the governor for a dissolution, but was refused and Berry tendered his resignation on 6 July 1881. O'Loghlen was commissioned to form a government on 9 July 1881.
Loss of general election (O'Loghlen): 'O'Loghlen's minority government survived for 21 months with the support of Constitutionalists determined to deny Berry further office. Parliamentary turmoil continued, over the tariff and State assistance for Catholic schools, subjects eventually consigned to royal commissions. O'Loghlen's humiliating bungling of a critical overseas loans spelled the end for his ministry.' Lack, p.77 (see 'References', below). O'Loghlen requested a dissolution for an Assembly election which was held on 22 February 1883. 'The government was so unpopular that O'Loghlen had difficulty in finding candidates and was himself defeated.' Serle, p.18 (see 'References', below).
References: For a study of the Victorian parliament in this period, see, Wright, ch. 5 (in 'Sources', below), and note the 'Prologue' in Geoffrey Serle, The Rush to be Rich: A History of the Colony of Victoria, 1883-1889, pp 1-13 (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1971). Note also, Alfred Deakin, The Crisis in Victorian Politics ,1879-1881: A Personal Retrospect, edited by J A La Nauze and R M Crawford, (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1957). Comments on O'Loghlen's period in office can found in: Paul Strangio, 'Broken Heads and Flaming Houses: Graham Berry, the Wild Colonial', pp 66-67, in Strangio and Costar (editors), ch. 4 (see 'Sources', below); John Lack, 'Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde? Service and Gillies: The Grand Coalition Premiers 1883-1890', pp 76-77, in Strangio and Costar (editors), ch. 5, (see 'Sources', below); and Geoffrey Serle, The Rush to be Rich: A History of the Colony of Victoria, 1883-1889, pp 17-18 (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1971). For a survey of O'Loghlen's career, see S M Ingham, 'O'Loghlen, Sir Bryan (1828–1905)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 5, (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1974), on line here [accessed 6 March 2014].
Parliament of Victoria, One Hundred Years of Responsible Government 1856-1956, (Melbourne: Government Printer, 1957, Parliamentary Paper No. 40 of 1956-58); Paul Strangio and Brian Costar (editors), The Victorian Premiers 1856-2006, (Sydney: Federation Press, 2006, ISBN 9781862876019); Raymond Wright, A People's Counsel: A History of the Parliament of Victoria 1856-1990, (Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1992, ISBN 0195533593). In consulting these sources, note the difference between ministries and periods in office.