ID 0035

State Government of New South Wales beginning 8 March 1889 - period in office of Premier Parkes, Henry ending on 23 October 1891



Period in office of premier (see Glossary entry for 'period in office' and related terms)

Premier
Parkes, Henry
Date of beginning of period in office
8 March 1889
Date of end of period in office
23 October 1891 
Reason for end of preceding period in office
Loss of general election 
Reason for end of this government
Defeat in parliament (see note)
Number of days in office
959 

Parliamentary support during period

Party affiliation of premier at start of period
Free Trade Party
If coalition government
Coalition partner 1
--none--
Coalition partner 2
--none--
Coalition partner 3
--none--
Coalition partner 4
--none--
Party support in parliament at beginning of period
Minority
If change in parliamentary support during period
--none--  
If further change during period
--none--  

Number of ministers at beginning of period (this may vary during the period)

Total number of ministers
9
Number from party of premier
9
Number from coalition party 1
0
Number from coalition party 2
0
Number from upper house
2
Number who are women
0

Assembly elections contested as premier or after which became premier (see Glossary entry for 'after election')

* to view table drag left or right.
Election Premier at election Premier's party Premier after election Premier's party
NSW 17 June 1891Henry ParkesFree Trade PartyHenry ParkesFree Trade Party
NSW 1 February 1889George Richard DibbsProtectionist PartyHenry ParkesFree Trade Party
NSW 4 February 1887Henry ParkesFree Trade PartyHenry ParkesFree Trade Party
NSW 18 November 1880Henry ParkesSupport from parliamentary factions and independentsHenry ParkesSupport from parliamentary factions and independents
NSW 8 December 1874Henry ParkesSupport from parliamentary factions and independentsJohn RobertsonSupport from parliamentary factions and independents
NSW 13 February 1872James MartinSupport from parliamentary factions and independentsHenry ParkesSupport from parliamentary factions and independents

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Notes

Loss of election (Dibbs): Beginning of Parkes's fifth period in office; On forming a government, Dibbs 'Immediately defeated in Legislative Assembly. Obtained dissolution and defeated at election', see Clune and Turner, vol. 1 table 3, pp. 228-229 (see 'Sources', below). Parkes was then commissioned to form a minority Free Trade government.

Defeat in parliament (Parkes): Parkes 'Resigned after defeat in Legislative Assembly', see Clune and Turner, vol. 1 table 3, pp. 228-229 (see 'Sources', below).

References: For a description and analysis of the style of parliamentary government in this period see David Clune and Ken Turner, 'Introduction: The Colonial Premiers', pp. 1-12, in Clune and Turner vol. 1 (see, 'Sources', below) and Peter Loveday and A W Martin, Parliament, Factions and Parties: The First Thirty Years of Responsible Government in New South Wales, 1856-1889, (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1966); for the emergence of parties in New South Wales, note also P Loveday, A W Martin and Patrick Weller, 'New South Wales', in P Loveday, A W Martin and R S Parker, (editors), The Emergence of the Australian Party System, pp. 172-248, (Sydney: Hale and Iremonger, 1977 ISBN 0908094035).

For a survey of Parkes's political career, see Geoffrey Bolton, 'Henry (later Sir Henry) Parkes', in Clune and Turner, vol. 1, pp. 121-137 (see 'Sources', below), and A W Martin, 'Parkes, Sir Henry (1815-1896)', in Douglas Pike (general editor), Australian Dictionary of Biography, vol. 5, pp. 399-406, (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1974, ISBN 522840612).A W Martin, 'Parkes, Sir Henry (1815-1896)', in Douglas Pike (general editor), Australian Dictionary of Biography, vol. 5, pp. 399-406, (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1974, ISBN 522840612).

Sources

David Clune and Ken Turner (editors), The Premiers of New South Wales, vol. 1, (1856-1901), (Sydney: Federation Press, 2006, ISBN 186287550); Colin A Hughes and B D Graham, A Handbook of Australian Government and Politics 1890-1964, pp. 57-85, (Canberra: Australian National University Press, 1968, SBN 708102700); New South Wales, Parliament, The New South Wales Parliamentary Record: Legislative Council and Legislative Assembly, 1824-1999, vol. VI, pp. 246-308, (Sydney: Parliament of New South Wales, 1999). In consulting these sources, note the difference between ministries and periods in office.

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