ID 0348

State Government of Victoria beginning 9 April 1870 - period in office of Premier McCulloch, James ending on 19 June 1871



Period in office of premier (see Glossary entry for 'period in office' and related terms)

Premier
McCulloch, James
Date of beginning of period in office
9 April 1870
Date of end of period in office
19 June 1871 
Reason for end of preceding period in office
Defeat in parliament 
Reason for end of this government
Defeat in parliament
Number of days in office
436 

Parliamentary support during period

Party affiliation of premier at start of period
Support from parliamentary factions and independents
If coalition government
Coalition partner 1
--none--
Coalition partner 2
--none--
Coalition partner 3
--none--
Coalition partner 4
--none--
Party support in parliament at beginning of period
Minority
If change in parliamentary support during period
--none--  
If further change during period
--none--  

Number of ministers at beginning of period (this may vary during the period)

Total number of ministers
9
Number from party of premier
9
Number from coalition party 1
Number from coalition party 2
Number from upper house
1
Number who are women

Assembly elections contested as premier or after which became premier (see Glossary entry for 'after election')

* to view table drag left or right.
Election Premier at election Premier's party Premier after election Premier's party
VIC 11 May 1877James McCullochSupport from parliamentary factions and independentsGraham BerrySupport from parliamentary factions and independents
VIC 14 February 1871James McCullochSupport from parliamentary factions and independentsJames McCullochSupport from parliamentary factions and independents
VIC 21 January 1868James McCullochSupport from parliamentary factions and independentsJames McCullochSupport from parliamentary factions and independents
VIC 30 December 1865James McCullochSupport from parliamentary factions and independentsJames McCullochSupport from parliamentary factions and independents
VIC 5 October 1864James McCullochSupport from parliamentary factions and independentsJames McCullochSupport from parliamentary factions and independents

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Notes

Defeat in parliament (MacPherson): Beginning of McCulloch's third period in office; 'In March 1870 MacPherson lost office after a no-confidence motion by a former supporter, prompted by disagreement about the budget [note omitted]. The government's opponents, McCulloch in particular, wanted spending reduced. MacPherson's conservative supporters abstained, and enough liberals voted against him to end his majority in the Assembly.' Waugh, p.38 (see 'References'. below); Victoria Parliamentary Debates, 1870 Session, vol. 10, 29 March 1870, p.329. MacPherson did not seek a dissolution and resigned on 31 March 1870.

The third McCulloch ministry was commissioned on 9 April 1870 and '... McCulloch formed a moderate ministry which included MacPherson [the previous premier];...' Bartlett (see 'References', below).

Defeat in parliament (McCulloch): The government survived the Assembly elections in February 1871, but 'McCulloch's links with his traditional supporters were weakening, without a solid base to replace them [note omitted]. After the elections of 1871, he lost a vote on his proposal to introduce a broad property tax, defeated by an awkward alliance of protectionists and free-traders.' Waugh, p.36 (see 'References', below). The vote on the property tax was lost 48 to 24 against the government on 13 June 1871; Victoria Parliamentary Debates, 1871 Session, vol. 12, 29 March 1871, p.569. McCulloch tendered his resignation on 14 June 1871.

References: For a study of the Victorian parliament in this period, see, Wright, ch. 5 (in 'Sources', below), and note the 'Prologue' in Geoffrey Serle, The Rush to be Rich: A History of the Colony of Victoria, 1883-1889, pp 1-13 (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1971). A study of McCulloch's premiership can be found in John Waugh, ' ''The Inevitable McCulloch" and his Rivals, 1863-1877', in Strangio and Costar (editors), ch. 3 (see 'Sources', below), and for a survey of McCulloch's career, see Geoffrey Bartlett, 'McCulloch, Sir James (1819–1893)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 5, (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1974), on line here [accessed 15 February 2014].

Sources

Parliament of Victoria, One Hundred Years of Responsible Government 1856-1956, (Melbourne: Government Printer, 1957, Parliamentary Paper No. 40 of 1956-58); Paul Strangio and Brian Costar (editors), The Victorian Premiers 1856-2006, (Sydney: Federation Press, 2006, ISBN 9781862876019); Raymond Wright, A People's Counsel: A History of the Parliament of Victoria 1856-1990, (Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1992, ISBN 0195533593). In consulting these sources, note the difference between ministries and periods in office.

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