|Election||Prime minister at election||Prime minister's party||Prime minister after election||Prime minister's party|
|COM 21 August 2010||Julia Eileen Gillard||Australian Labor Party||Julia Eileen Gillard||Australian Labor Party|
Change of party leader: Beginning of Gillard`s period in office. For commentary on the political context of this change of party leader, see Paul Kelly, 'Internal polling tipped Gillard over line', The Australian:, Friday 30 June 2010, online at:
Change in parliamentary support At the general election for the House of Representatives held on 21 August 2010, the Gillard Australian Labor Party government lost its majority in the 150 member House, retaining only 72 seats. The Liberal Party and National Party opposition and related parties secured 73 seats. After two weeks for the completion of counting in closely contested seats, and negotiations with the five minor party and independent members elected to the House, all but one of these members chose to support a minority Labor Party government under Prime Minister Gillard.
Support for the Gillard Labor Party minority government came from Adam Brandt, a member of the Australian Greens elected from the electoral district of Melbourne, and Independents Andrew Wilkie (Denison), Robert Oakeshott (Lyne), and Tony Windsor (New England). The remaining independent, Bob Katter (Kennedy) declined to support the Labor Party government. The new Gillard Australian Labor Party minority government was sworn in on 14 September 2010
Change of party leader: At a meeting held on 26 June 2013, the Parliamentary Labor Party voted to depose Gillard as leader of the Australian Labor Party and replace her with Rudd. There had been dissention in the caucus over the party leadership and increasing concern with falling support for the Labor government in the electorate.