ID 0277

State Government of New South Wales beginning 14 May 1872 - period in office of Premier Parkes, Henry ending on 9 February 1875



Period in office of premier (see Glossary entry for 'period in office' and related terms)

Premier
Parkes, Henry
Date of beginning of period in office
14 May 1872
Date of end of period in office
9 February 1875 
Reason for end of preceding period in office
Loss of general election 
Reason for end of this government
Loss of general election
Number of days in office
1,001 

Parliamentary support during period

Party affiliation of premier at start of period
Support from parliamentary factions and independents
If coalition government
Coalition partner 1
--none--
Coalition partner 2
--none--
Coalition partner 3
--none--
Coalition partner 4
--none--
Party support in parliament at beginning of period
Minority
If change in parliamentary support during period
--none--  
If further change during period
--none--  

Number of ministers at beginning of period (this may vary during the period)

Total number of ministers
6
Number from party of premier
6
Number from coalition party 1
Number from coalition party 2
Number from upper house
2
Number who are women

Assembly elections contested as premier or after which became premier (see Glossary entry for 'after election')

* to view table drag left or right.
Election Premier at election Premier's party Premier after election Premier's party
NSW 17 June 1891Henry ParkesFree Trade PartyHenry ParkesFree Trade Party
NSW 1 February 1889George Richard DibbsProtectionist PartyHenry ParkesFree Trade Party
NSW 4 February 1887Henry ParkesFree Trade PartyHenry ParkesFree Trade Party
NSW 18 November 1880Henry ParkesSupport from parliamentary factions and independentsHenry ParkesSupport from parliamentary factions and independents
NSW 8 December 1874Henry ParkesSupport from parliamentary factions and independentsJohn RobertsonSupport from parliamentary factions and independents
NSW 13 February 1872James MartinSupport from parliamentary factions and independentsHenry ParkesSupport from parliamentary factions and independents

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Notes

Loss of election (Martin): Beginning of Parkes's first period in office; Martin 'Obtained dissolution after defeat on censure motion in Legislative Assembly. Defeated at election', see Clune and Turner, vol. 1 table 3, pp. 228-229 (see 'Sources', below). Parkes was then commissioned to form a government.

Loss of election (Parkes): Parkes 'Vote on de facto censure motion evenly divided. Parkes obtained a dissolution. Election result uncertain. Resigned following defeat on amendment to Address in Reply when Legislative Assembly met after election', see Clune and Turner, vol. 1 table 3, pp. 228-229 (see 'Sources', below).

References: For a description and analysis of the style of parliamentary government in this period, see David Clune and Ken Turner, 'Introduction: The Colonial Premiers', pp. 1-12, in Clune and Turner vol. 1 (see, 'Sources', below), and Peter Loveday and A W Martin, Parliament, Factions and Parties: The First Thirty Years of Responsible Government in New South Wales, 1856-1889, (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1966).

For a survey of Parkes's political career, see Geoffrey Bolton, 'Henry (later Sir Henry) Parkes', in Clune and Turner, vol. 1, pp. 121-137 (see 'Sources', below), and A W Martin, 'Parkes, Sir Henry (1815-1896)', in Douglas Pike (general editor), Australian Dictionary of Biography, vol. 5, pp. 399-406, (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1974, ISBN 522840612).

Sources

David Clune and Ken Turner (editors), The Premiers of New South Wales, vol. 1, (1856-1901), (Sydney: Federation Press, 2006, ISBN 186287550); G N Hawker, The Parliament of New South Wales 1856-1965, appendix C, (Ultimo, NSW: Government Printer, 1971); New South Wales, Parliament, The New South Wales Parliamentary Record: Legislative Council and Legislative Assembly, 1824-1999, vol. VI, pp. 246-308, (Sydney: Parliament of New South Wales, 1999). In consulting these sources, note the difference between ministries and periods in office.

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