ID 0275

State Government of New South Wales beginning 13 January 1870 - period in office of Premier Cowper, Charles ending on 16 December 1870



Period in office of premier (see Glossary entry for 'period in office' and related terms)

Premier
Cowper, Charles
Date of beginning of period in office
13 January 1870
Date of end of period in office
16 December 1870 
Reason for end of preceding period in office
Resignation of premier (see note) 
Reason for end of this government
Defeat in parliament (see note)
Number of days in office
337 

Parliamentary support during period

Party affiliation of premier at start of period
Support from parliamentary factions and independents
If coalition government
Coalition partner 1
--none--
Coalition partner 2
--none--
Coalition partner 3
--none--
Coalition partner 4
--none--
Party support in parliament at beginning of period
Minority
If change in parliamentary support during period
--none--  
If further change during period
--none--  

Number of ministers at beginning of period (this may vary during the period)

Total number of ministers
8
Number from party of premier
8
Number from coalition party 1
Number from coalition party 2
Number from upper house
3
Number who are women

Assembly elections contested as premier or after which became premier (see Glossary entry for 'after election')

* to view table drag left or right.
Election Premier at election Premier's party Premier after election Premier's party
NSW 22 November 1864James MartinSupport from parliamentary factions and independentsCharles CowperSupport from parliamentary factions and independents
NSW 8 June 1859Charles CowperSupport from parliamentary factions and independentsCharles CowperSupport from parliamentary factions and independents
NSW 13 January 1858Charles CowperSupport from parliamentary factions and independentsCharles CowperSupport from parliamentary factions and independents

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Notes

Resignation of premier (Robertson): Beginning of Cowper's fifth period in office; Robertson retained support for his government at the election called at the end of 1869 but, once his electoral success was confirmed, 'Resigned in favour of Cowper', see Clune and Turner, vol. 1 table 3, pp. 228-229 (see 'Sources', below). Cowper was then commissioned to form a government.

Defeat in parliament (Cowper): Cowper 'Resigned after defeat in Legislative Assembly', see Clune and Turner, vol. 1 table 3, pp. 228-229 (see 'Sources', below).

References: For a description and analysis of the style of parliamentary government in this period, see David Clune and Ken Turner, 'Introduction: The Colonial Premiers', pp. 1-12, in Clune and Turner vol. 1 (see, 'Sources', below), and Peter Loveday and A W Martin, Parliament, Factions and Parties: The First Thirty Years of Responsible Government in New South Wales, 1856-1889, (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1966).

For a survey of Cowper's political career, see Alan Powell, 'Charles (later Sir Charles) Cowper', in Clune and Turner, vol. 1, pp. 35-52 (see 'Sources', below), and John M Ward, 'Cowper, Sir Charles (1807-1881)', in Douglas Pike (general editor), Australian Dictionary of Biography, vol. 3, pp. 475-479, (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1969, SBN 522839096).

Sources

David Clune and Ken Turner (editors), The Premiers of New South Wales, vol. 1, (1856-1901), (Sydney: Federation Press, 2006, ISBN 186287550); G N Hawker, The Parliament of New South Wales 1856-1965, appendix C, (Ultimo, NSW: Government Printer, 1971); New South Wales, Parliament, The New South Wales Parliamentary Record: Legislative Council and Legislative Assembly, 1824-1999, vol. VI, pp. 246-308, (Sydney: Parliament of New South Wales, 1999). In consulting these sources, note the difference between ministries and periods in office.

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