ID 0234

State Government of Western Australia beginning 23 February 1953 - period in office of Premier Hawke, Albert Redvers George ending on 2 April 1959



Period in office of premier (see Glossary entry for 'period in office' and related terms)

Premier
Hawke, Albert Redvers George
Date of beginning of period in office
23 February 1953
Date of end of period in office
2 April 1959 
Reason for end of preceding period in office
Loss of general election 
Reason for end of this government
Loss of general election
Number of days in office
2,229 

Parliamentary support during period

Party affiliation of premier at start of period
Australian Labor Party
If coalition government
Coalition partner 1
--none--
Coalition partner 2
--none--
Coalition partner 3
--none--
Coalition partner 4
--none--
Party support in parliament at beginning of period
Majority
If change in parliamentary support during period
--none--  
If further change during period
--none--  

Number of ministers at beginning of period (this may vary during the period)

Total number of ministers
10
Number from party of premier
10
Number from coalition party 1
0
Number from coalition party 2
0
Number from upper house
2
Number who are women
0

Assembly elections contested as premier or after which became premier (see Glossary entry for 'after election')

* to view table drag left or right.
Election Premier at election Premier's party Premier after election Premier's party
WA 21 March 1959Albert Redvers George HawkeAustralian Labor PartyDavid BrandLiberal and Country League
WA 7 April 1956Albert Redvers George HawkeAustralian Labor PartyAlbert Redvers George HawkeAustralian Labor Party
WA 14 February 1953Duncan Ross McLartyLiberal and Country LeagueAlbert Redvers George HawkeAustralian Labor Party

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Notes

Loss of general election (McLarty): Beginning of Hawke's period in office: Following the defeat of the McLarty coalition minority Liberal and Country League, and Country and Democratic League government at the general election for the Legislative Assembly on 14 February 1953, McLarty resigned and Hawke was commissioned on 23 February as Premier of a majority Australian Labor Party government.

Loss of general election (Hawke): Following the defeat of the Hawke Australian Labor Party government at the general election for the Legislative Assembly on 21 March 1959, negotiations took place between the Liberal Country League and the Country and Democratic League for the formation of a coalition government. Premier Hawke resigned on 2 April 1959 and Brand was commissioned as Premier of a Liberal Country League and Country and Democratic League coalition government; see F K Crowley, State Election:The Fall of the Hawke Government, A Brief Account, especially pp 71-74 (Perth: published by the author, 1959).

References: For a study of the style of parliamentary politics during this period, see Lenore Layman, 'Continuity and Change, 1947-1965', in David Black (editor), The House on the Hill: A History of the Parliament of Western Australia 1832-1990, pp 97-151, (Perth: Western Australian Parliamentary History Project, Parliament of Western Australia, 1991, ISBN 0730939839).

Summary information on Western Australian premiers from 1890 to 1982 and a short essay, 'The Premiers -- An Introductory Comment', can be found in Reid and Oliver (see 'Sources', below).

The Australian Journal of Politics and History has provided brief surveys of Western Australian politics since 1956 in the 'Political Chronicle' section of the journal in issues of each annual volume. This publication can be viewed online through Wiley-Blackwell Journals at subscribing libraries.

For a survey of Hawke's career, see Phillip Pendal, 'Hawke, Albert Redvers George (Bert) (1900 - 1986)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 17, pp 502-503, (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 2007), on line at:
http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A170504b.htm?hilite=Hawke

Sources

Colin A Hughes and B D Graham, A Handbook of Australian Government and Politics 1890-1964, (Canberra: Australian National University Press, 1968, SBN 708102700); John Mandy and David Black (editors),The Western Australian Parliamentary Handbook Centenary Edition, (Perth: Parliamentary History Project, Parliament of Western Australia, 1990, ISBN 0731697847); G S Reid and M R Oliver, The Premiers of Western Australia 1890-1982, (Perth: University of Western Australia Press, 1982, ISBN 0855642149).

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