ID 0231

State Government of Western Australia beginning 19 August 1936 - period in office of Premier Willcock, John Collings ending on 31 July 1945

Period in office of premier (see Glossary entry for 'period in office' and related terms)

Willcock, John Collings
Date of beginning of period in office
19 August 1936
Date of end of period in office
31 July 1945 
Reason for end of preceding period in office
Change of party leader 
Reason for end of this government
Change of party leader
Number of days in office

Parliamentary support during period

Party affiliation of premier at start of period
Australian Labor Party
If coalition government
Coalition partner 1
Coalition partner 2
Coalition partner 3
Coalition partner 4
Party support in parliament at beginning of period
If change in parliamentary support during period
If further change during period

Number of ministers at beginning of period (this may vary during the period)

Total number of ministers
Number from party of premier
Number from coalition party 1
Number from coalition party 2
Number from upper house
Number who are women

Assembly elections contested as premier or after which became premier (see Glossary entry for 'after election')

* to view table drag left or right.
Election Premier at election Premier's party Premier after election Premier's party
WA 20 November 1943John Collings WillcockAustralian Labor PartyJohn Collings WillcockAustralian Labor Party
WA 18 March 1939John Collings WillcockAustralian Labor PartyJohn Collings WillcockAustralian Labor Party

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Change of party leader (Collier): Beginning of Willcock's period in office: 'Following the election in February 1936 caucus re-elected the ministry. Collier retired as party leader on 18 August 1936, and caucus elected Willcock as leader. On 19 August Collier resigned his commission, and Willcock was commissioned', Hughes and Graham, p. 233 (see 'Sources', below). Willcock became Premier of a majority Australian Labor Party government.

Change of party leader (Willcock): 'Willcock resigned as party leader on 31 July 1945 on grounds of ill-health. Caucus elected Wise leader and filled the vacancy in the ministry', Hughes and Graham, p. 234 (see 'Sources', below).

References: For a study of the style of parliamentary politics at the time, see David Black, 'Factionalism and Stability, 1911-1947', in David Black (editor), The House on the Hill: A History of the Parliament of Western Australia 1832-1990, pp 97-151, (Perth: Western Australian Parliamentary History Project, Parliament of Western Australia, 1991, ISBN 0730939839).

Note also, R F Pervan, 'Cabinet and Caucus: Labor in Western Australia, 1933-1947', University Studies in History, [University of Western Australia], 5(1) 1967: 1-37.

Summary information on Western Australian premiers from 1890 to 1982 and a short essay, 'The Premiers -- An Introductory Comment', can be found in Reid and Oliver (see 'Sources', below).

For a survey of Willcock's career, see Noelene Doohan, 'Willcock, John Collings (1879 - 1956)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 12, pp 494-495, (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1990), on line at:


Colin A Hughes and B D Graham, A Handbook of Australian Government and Politics 1890-1964, (Canberra: Australian National University Press, 1968, SBN 708102700); John Mandy and David Black (editors),The Western Australian Parliamentary Handbook Centenary Edition, (Perth: Parliamentary History Project, Parliament of Western Australia, 1990, ISBN 0731697847); G S Reid and M R Oliver, The Premiers of Western Australia 1890-1982, (Perth: University of Western Australia Press, 1982, ISBN 0855642149).