ID 0230

State Government of Western Australia beginning 24 April 1933 - period in office of Premier Collier, Philip ending on 19 August 1936



Period in office of premier (see Glossary entry for 'period in office' and related terms)

Premier
Collier, Philip
Date of beginning of period in office
24 April 1933
Date of end of period in office
19 August 1936 
Reason for end of preceding period in office
Loss of general election 
Reason for end of this government
Change of party leader
Number of days in office
1,213 

Parliamentary support during period

Party affiliation of premier at start of period
Australian Labor Party
If coalition government
Coalition partner 1
--none--
Coalition partner 2
--none--
Coalition partner 3
--none--
Coalition partner 4
--none--
Party support in parliament at beginning of period
Majority
If change in parliamentary support during period
--none--  
If further change during period
--none--  

Number of ministers at beginning of period (this may vary during the period)

Total number of ministers
9
Number from party of premier
9
Number from coalition party 1
0
Number from coalition party 2
0
Number from upper house
2
Number who are women
0

Assembly elections contested as premier or after which became premier (see Glossary entry for 'after election')

* to view table drag left or right.
Election Premier at election Premier's party Premier after election Premier's party
WA 15 February 1936Philip CollierAustralian Labor PartyPhilip CollierAustralian Labor Party
WA 8 April 1933James MitchellNationalist PartyPhilip CollierAustralian Labor Party
WA 12 April 1930Philip CollierAustralian Labor PartyJames MitchellNationalist Party
WA 26 March 1927Philip CollierAustralian Labor PartyPhilip CollierAustralian Labor Party
WA 22 March 1924James MitchellNationalist Coalition (see notes)Philip CollierAustralian Labor Party

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Notes

Loss of general election (Mitchell): Beginning of Collier's second period in office: 'The Mitchell coalition government was defeated at the election on 8 April 1933. The Labor caucus met on 19 April, re-elected Collier leader, and then chose the eight salaried Ministers and the one honorary Minister. The Ministers met on 21 April and agreed upon the distribution of portfolios among themselves. Mitchell resigned on 24 April and Collier was sent for', Hughes and Graham, p. 233 (see 'Sources', below). Collier became Premier of an Australian Labor Party majority government.

Change of party leader: 'Following the election in February 1936 caucus re-elected the ministry. Collier retired as party leader on 18 August 1936, and caucus elected Willcock as leader', Hughes and Graham, p. 233 (see 'Sources', below). Both Black's entry in the Australian Dictionary of Biography, in 'References', below, and Reid and Oliver, p. 112 (see 'Sources', below), suggest that health problems were a consideration in Collier's retirement.

References: For a study of the style of parliamentary politics at the time, see David Black, 'Factionalism and Stability, 1911-1947', in David Black (editor), The House on the Hill: A History of the Parliament of Western Australia 1832-1990, pp 97-151, (Perth: Western Australian Parliamentary History Project, Parliament of Western Australia, 1991, ISBN 0730939839).

Note also, R F Pervan, 'Cabinet and Caucus: Labor in Western Australia, 1933-1947', University Studies in History, [University of Western Australia], 5(1) 1967: 1-37.

Summary information on Western Australian premiers from 1890 to 1982 and a short essay, 'The Premiers -- An Introductory Comment', can be found in Reid and Oliver (see 'Sources', below).

For a survey of Collier's career, see David Black, 'Collier, Philip (1873 - 1948)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 8, pp 70-72, (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1981), on line at:
http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A080077b.htm?hilite=Collier

Sources

Colin A Hughes and B D Graham, A Handbook of Australian Government and Politics 1890-1964, (Canberra: Australian National University Press, 1968, SBN 708102700); John Mandy and David Black (editors),The Western Australian Parliamentary Handbook Centenary Edition, (Perth: Parliamentary History Project, Parliament of Western Australia, 1990, ISBN 0731697847); G S Reid and M R Oliver, The Premiers of Western Australia 1890-1982, (Perth: University of Western Australia Press, 1982, ISBN 0855642149).

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