ID 0211

State Government of Victoria beginning 6 October 1992 - period in office of Premier Kennett, Jeffrey Gibb ending on 21 October 1999

Period in office of premier (see Glossary entry for 'period in office' and related terms)

Kennett, Jeffrey Gibb
Date of beginning of period in office
6 October 1992
Date of end of period in office
21 October 1999 
Reason for end of preceding period in office
Loss of general election 
Reason for end of this government
Loss of general election
Number of days in office

Parliamentary support during period

Party affiliation of premier at start of period
Liberal Party
If coalition government
Coalition partner 1
National Party
Coalition partner 2
Coalition partner 3
Coalition partner 4
Party support in parliament at beginning of period
If change in parliamentary support during period
If further change during period

Number of ministers at beginning of period (this may vary during the period)

Total number of ministers
Number from party of premier
Number from coalition party 1
Number from coalition party 2
Number from upper house
Number who are women

Assembly elections contested as premier or after which became premier (see Glossary entry for 'after election')

* to view table drag left or right.
Election Premier at election Premier's party Premier after election Premier's party
VIC 18 September 1999Jeffrey Gibb KennettLiberal PartyStephen Phillip BracksAustralian Labor Party
VIC 30 March 1996Jeffrey Gibb KennettLiberal PartyJeffrey Gibb KennettLiberal Party
VIC 3 October 1992Joan Elizabeth KirnerAustralian Labor PartyJeffrey Gibb KennettLiberal Party

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Loss of general election (Kirner): Beginning of Kennett's period in office; At the general election for the Victorian Legislative Assembly in October 1992, the Australian Labor Party had a swing against it of more than 8 percent of the first preference votes, and the Kirner government was defeated with a loss of 19 seats in the 88 seat Assembly. A summary of the election and its context can be found in Ardel Shamsullah, 'Victoria', Australian Journal of Politics and History, Political Chronicle, July to December 1992, 39(2) August 1993: 237-243 at 237-247.

Although the Liberal Party had won a majority of seats in the Assembly, it formed a coalition with the National Party in accordance with an agreement that had been negotiated in July 1990 by Allan Brown, the previous leader of the Liberal Party, and Pat McNamara, the leader of the National Party (see, Economou, p. 368, in 'References', below). Kennett was commissioned to form a Liberal Party and National Party coalition government on 6 October 1992.

Assembly election in 1996: At the general election for the Legislative Assembly held on 30 March 1996, the Liberal Party maintained its majority in the Assembly with the loss on only 3 seats, but continued the coalition with the National Party. 'Following the March 1996 election Kennett reduced the size of the Ministry from 21 to 18. Two Ministers retired from Parliament and 1 from the Ministry, 1 was defeated at the election, and 4 were dropped.... Ministers were sworn to new responsibilities on 3 April.' Hughes, p. 88 (see 'Sources', below).

Loss of general election (Kennett): 'At the election on 18 September 1999 the Kennett government won 43 seats to the Labor Party's 41, whilst 3 seats went to Independents; the death on polling day of the incumbent [Peter McLennan], a Liberal who had turned Independent, required another poll in Frankston East [on 16 October 1999]. The Independents formulated a "Charter of Good Government" and indicated their support in the Assembly would depend on the outcome of the supplementary election and the response to their proposed Charter. A substantial swing to the Labor Party gave it the additional seat. The National Party indicated it would terminate the Coalition [agreement it had made with the Liberal Party in 1990]. ...

... Kennett was believed ready to endorse the Charter and attempt a minority government, but personal conflict with the most prominent Independent [Russell Savage] closed off that possibility. He advised the Governor to commission the Labor Party leader, Bracks, who formed a minority government dependent on the support of Independents.' Hughes, p. 90 (see 'Sources', below). The context to Kennett's negotiations with the Independents is provided by Economou, pp 375-378 (see 'References', below).

More information on the general election and its consequences can be found in Economou, pp 376-378 (see 'References', below), and Dennis Woodward and Brian Costar, 'The Victorian Election of 18 September 1999: Another Case of Electoral Volatility?', Australian Journal of Political Science, 35 (1) March 2000: 125-133. For an extended treatment, see Parkinson, pp 388-435 (in 'References', below).

References: A survey of Cain's period in office can be found in Nick Economou, 'Jeff Kennett: The Larrikin Metropolitan', in Strangio and Costar, pp 363-381, (see 'Sources', below), and a detailed review of politics and government for most of Premier Kennett's period in office is provided by the collection edited by Brian Costar and Nicholas Economou, The Kennett Revolution: Victorian Politics in the 1990s, (Sydney: University of New South Wales Press, 1990, ISBN 0868405450). For a comprehensive political biography of Kennett during his period in office, see Tony Parkinson, Jeff: The Rise and Fall of a Political Phenomenon, (Ringwood, Vic.: Viking, 2000, ISBN 0670887781).

The Australian Journal of Politics and History has given brief summaries of Victorian politics and government since 1956 in the 'Political Chronicle' section of the journal in issues of each annual volume. This publication can be viewed online through Wiley-Blackwell Journals at subscribing libraries.


Colin A Hughes, A Handbook of Australian Government and Politics 1985-1999, (Sydney: Federation Press, 2002, ISBN 1862874346); Paul Strangio and Brian Costar (editors), The Victorian Premiers 1856-2006, (Sydney: Federation Press, 2006, ISBN 9781862876019); Victoria Hansard (Record of Parliamentary Debates) on line at: .

In consulting these sources, note the difference between ministries and periods in office.