|Election||Premier at election||Premier's party||Premier after election||Premier's party|
|VIC 3 October 1992||Joan Elizabeth Kirner||Australian Labor Party||Jeffrey Gibb Kennett||Liberal Party|
Change of party leader (Cain [junior]): Beginning of Joan Kirner's period in office; By mid-1990, the Cain (junior) government's financial problems with the Victorian Economic Development Commission and the State Bank of Victoria's links with the bankrupt merchant bank Tricontinental had been exacerbated by the collapse of the Pyramid Building Society. Coupled with the state's financial problems, hostility between the government and some sections of the union movement, and divisions within the Australian Labor Party caucus and cabinet, prompted Cain (junior) to resign as Premier on 10 August 1990 (see notes for previous period in office).
Kirner was chosen as leader by the Labor caucus; 'In a contest between Joan Kirner and Steve Crabb, Kirner was elected Premier with the support of her Socialist Left faction plus the Independents and unaligned members', Ardel Shamsullah., 'Victoria', Australian Journal of Politics and History, Political Chronicle, July to December 1990, 37(2) August 1991: 308-313 at 308.
Loss of general election (Kirner): At the general election for the Victorian Legislative Assembly in October 1992, the Australian Labor Party had a swing against it of more than 8 percent of the first preference votes, and the Kirner government was defeated with a loss of 19 seats in the 88 seat Assembly. A summary of the election and its context can be found in Ardel Shamsullah, 'Victoria', Australian Journal of Politics and History, Political Chronicle, July to December 1992, 39(2) August 1993: 237-243 at 237-247, and note Brian Costar and Nick Economou, 'Elections and Electoral Change', in Considine and Costar, pp 247-264, at 258-261, (see 'References', below).
References A survey of Kirner's period in office can be found in Jennifer Curtin, 'Joan Kirner: The First Feminist', in Strangio and Costar, pp 351-362, (see 'Sources', below), and there is a brief political biography of 'Premier Joan Kirner' in Cathy Jenkins, No Ordinary Lives: Pioneering Women in Australian Politics, pp 111-118, (North Melbourne: Australian Scholarly Publishing, 2008, ISBN 9781740971560).
A comprehensive review of the Cain (junior) and Kirner governments is provided by Mark Considine and Brian Costar (editors), Trials in Power: Cain, Kirner and Victoria 1982-1992, (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1992, ISBN 0522845371). The Australian Journal of Politics and History has given brief summaries of Victorian politics and government since 1956 in the 'Political Chronicle' section of the journal in issues of each annual volume. This publication can be viewed online through Wiley-Blackwell Journals at subscribing libraries.
Colin A Hughes, A Handbook of Australian Government and Politics 1985-1999, (Sydney: Federation Press, 2002, ISBN 1862874346); Paul Strangio and Brian Costar (editors), The Victorian Premiers 1856-2006, (Sydney: Federation Press, 2006, ISBN 9781862876019); Victoria Hansard (Record of Parliamentary Debates) on line at: http://www.parliament.vic.gov.au/hansard .