ID 0198

State Government of Victoria beginning 2 October 1945 - period in office of Premier Macfarlan, Ian ending on 21 November 1945



Period in office of premier (see Glossary entry for 'period in office' and related terms)

Premier
Macfarlan, Ian
Date of beginning of period in office
2 October 1945
Date of end of period in office
21 November 1945 
Reason for end of preceding period in office
Defeat in parliament 
Reason for end of this government
Loss of general election
Number of days in office
50 

Parliamentary support during period

Party affiliation of premier at start of period
Liberal Party
If coalition government
Coalition partner 1
--none--
Coalition partner 2
--none--
Coalition partner 3
--none--
Coalition partner 4
--none--
Party support in parliament at beginning of period
Minority
If change in parliamentary support during period
--none--  
If further change during period
--none--  

Number of ministers at beginning of period (this may vary during the period)

Total number of ministers
10
Number from party of premier
10
Number from coalition party 1
0
Number from coalition party 2
0
Number from upper house
2
Number who are women
0

Assembly elections contested as premier or after which became premier (see Glossary entry for 'after election')

* to view table drag left or right.
Election Premier at election Premier's party Premier after election Premier's party
VIC 10 November 1945Ian MacfarlanLiberal PartyJohn Cain [snr]Australian Labor Party

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Notes

Defeat in parliament (Dunstan): Beginning of Mcfarlan's period in office; 'In March 1945 the United Australia Party changed its name to the Liberal Party. On [29] August a Labor censure motion was defeated 33-29, but two [United] Country Party members voted against the Government [Allnutt and Dodgshun; Victoria Parliamentary Debates,1944-45 Session, vol. 219, 29 August, p.3906] and a third was paired against it. ... On 25 September 1945 a Labor motion to reduce Supply by £1 was carried 29-26 with five Liberal members voting against the government [Cumming, Everard, Harworth, Maltby and Michaelis; Victoria Parliamentary Debates,1944-45 Session, vol. 219, 25 September, p,4325 ].' Hughes and Graham, p.130 (see 'Sources', below).

After more adverse votes and some attempts to reform the ministry, Dunstan was granted a dissolution and then resigned. For more information on the tension between the coalition parties that led to the defeat of the Dunstan ministry, see Costar, p.230, (in 'References', below).

The general election for the Assembly was set for 10 November 1945 and, with the resignation of the Dunstan ministry, some remaining parliamentary business including the granting of Supply, needed to be completed, 'Macfarlan, the leader of the dissident Liberals, was invited to form a caretaker government. His cabinet included all five of the members who had voted against Dunstan. Members of the three parties sat on the Opposition benches.' Hughes and Graham, p.130 (see 'Sources', below).

Loss of general election (Macfarlan): 'Having been disendorsed by the State executive of the Liberal Party, [Macfarlan] contested the general election on 10 November [1945] as leader of the Ministerial Liberals. His ministry was defeated and he lost his seat.' Wright (see 'References', below).

References: For information on Macfarlan's role in the United Australia and Liberal parties, see Brian Costar, 'Tom Hollway: The Bohemian', p.230, in Strangio and Costar (editors), ch. 18, (see 'Sources', below). A survey of Macfarlan's career can be found in R Wright, 'Macfarlan, Ian (1881–1964)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 15, (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 2000), on line here [accessed 22 April 2014].

Sources

Colin Hughes and B D Graham (editors), A Handbook of Australian Government and Politics 1890-1964, (Canberra: Australian National University Press, 1968, SBN 708102700); Parliament of Victoria, One Hundred Years of Responsible Government 1856-1956, (Melbourne: Government Printer, 1957, Parliamentary Paper No. 40 of 1956-58); Paul Strangio and Brian Costar (editors), The Victorian Premiers 1856-2006, (Sydney: Federation Press, 2006, ISBN 9781862876019); Raymond Wright, A People's Counsel: A History of the Parliament of Victoria 1856-1990, (Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1992, ISBN 0195533593). Victoria Hansard (Record of Parliamentary Debates) on line here .

In consulting these sources, note the difference between ministries and periods in office.

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