|Election||Premier at election||Premier's party||Premier after election||Premier's party|
|VIC 9 April 1927||John Allan||Country Party||Edmond John (Ned) Hogan||Australian Labor Party|
Defeat in parliament (Prendergast): Beginning of Allan's period in office; 'The Prendergast ministry was kept in office by Country Party support until November , when the two non-Labor parties reached agreement on the terms for forming a new coalition. They combined to carry a want of confidence motion by 34 to 28 on 12 November [Victoria Parliamentary Debates, 1924 Session, vol. 168, 16 July 1924, pp 1321-1410]. The Governor, Lord Stradbroke, refused Prendergast's request for a dissolution and the latter resigned from office on 13 November. The Governor then interviewed both Allan, [leader of the Country Party], and Peacock [leader of the Nationalists]. He gave Allan a commission to form a new ministry, having received Peacock's assurance that he would assist the Country Party leader in this task. In keeping with an agreement made before the fall of the Prendergast ministry, the twelve cabinet posts (excluding the Premiership) were divided evenly between the Country and [Nationalist] parties. The Country Party Ministers were chosen by exhaustive ballot at a meeting of their party.' Hughes and Graham, p.122 (see 'Sources', below).
On 18 November 1924, Allan was commissioned as Premier of a Country Party and National Party (Nationalists) coalition government, with Peacock as Treasurer. The coalition was one short of a majority in the Assembly but could rely on the support of one of the five candidates elected as Liberals.
Loss of general election (Allan): At the general election for the Assembly on 9 April 1927 the number of seats won by Australian Labor Party only increased by 1 to 28, but the non-Labor representation was split between five groups; the Nationalists (15), the Country Party (10), two members who ran on a Liberal Party ticket, four members from a new Country Progressive Party, and six Independents. While the total number of non-Labor members was unchanged, the two parties that had formed the governing coalition saw their support cut from 32 to 25.
'After the election of 9 April 1927, various proposals for replacing the coalition with an alternative non-Labor administration were discussed. Allan at first favoured meeting the Assembly, but resigned on 13 May without doing so.' Hughes and Graham, p.123 (see 'Sources', below).
References: For a study of Allan's periods in office, see Brian Costar, 'John Allan: The First Agrarian', in Strangio and Costar (editors), ch. 14, (see 'Sources', below). A survey of Allan's career can be found in J. B. Paul, 'Allan, John (1866–1936)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 7, (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1979), on line here [accessed 17 April 2014].
Colin Hughes and B D Graham (editors), A Handbook of Australian Government and Politics 1890-1964, (Canberra: Australian National University Press, 1968, SBN 708102700); Parliament of Victoria, One Hundred Years of Responsible Government 1856-1956, (Melbourne: Government Printer, 1957, Parliamentary Paper No. 40 of 1956-58); Paul Strangio and Brian Costar (editors), The Victorian Premiers 1856-2006, (Sydney: Federation Press, 2006, ISBN 9781862876019); Raymond Wright, A People's Counsel: A History of the Parliament of Victoria 1856-1990, (Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1992, ISBN 0195533593). Victoria Hansard (Record of Parliamentary Debates) on line here .