ID 0173

State Government of Victoria beginning 27 September 1894 - period in office of Premier Turner, George ending on 5 December 1899

Period in office of premier (see Glossary entry for 'period in office' and related terms)

Turner, George
Date of beginning of period in office
27 September 1894
Date of end of period in office
5 December 1899 
Reason for end of preceding period in office
Loss of general election 
Reason for end of this government
Defeat in parliament
Number of days in office

Parliamentary support during period

Party affiliation of premier at start of period
If coalition government
Coalition partner 1
Coalition partner 2
Coalition partner 3
Coalition partner 4
Party support in parliament at beginning of period
If change in parliamentary support during period
--none-- Result of general election
If further change during period

Number of ministers at beginning of period (this may vary during the period)

Total number of ministers
Number from party of premier
Number from coalition party 1
Number from coalition party 2
Number from upper house
Number who are women

Assembly elections contested as premier or after which became premier (see Glossary entry for 'after election')

* to view table drag left or right.
Election Premier at election Premier's party Premier after election Premier's party
VIC 1 November 1900Allan McLeanLiberalGeorge TurnerLiberal
VIC 14 October 1897George TurnerLiberalGeorge TurnerLiberal
VIC 20 September 1894James Brown PattersonConservativeGeorge TurnerLiberal

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Loss of general election (Patterson): Beginning of Turner's first period in office; 'Defeated in the election of 20 September 1894, the [Patterson] ministry decided to resign without meeting the Assembly. The Governor acted on Patterson's advice in asking Turner, the Leader of the Opposition, to form a new government', Hughes and Graham, p.106 (see 'Sources', below). Turner was commissioned to form a government on 27 September 1894.

Defeat in parliament (Turner): 'The Turner government was defeated on 30 November 1899 by 47 to 36 on a want-of-confidence motion put by McLean and supported by the Opposition and several former ministerialists.' Hughes and Graham, p.107 (see 'Sources', below); Victoria Parliamentary Debates, 1899-1900 Session, vol. 93, 30 November 1899, pp 2730-2830. 'There was no great issue of principle at stake, but the role of the country liberals was a symptom of rural dissatisfaction with what they saw as the urban domination of politics, which would later give rise to the Country Party.' Rickard, p.116 (see 'References', below).

'[Turner's] request for a dissolution having been refused, Turner submitted his resignation and advised the Governor to send for McLean.' Hughes and Graham, p.107 (see 'Sources', below).

References: For a study of Turner's period in office, see John Rickard, 'The Quiet Little Man in a Brown Suit: George Turner and the Politics of Consensus', in Strangio and Costar (editors), ch. 7, (see 'Sources', below), and for a review of Victorian parliamentary politics in the 1890s, see, Wright, ch. 6 (in 'Sources', below). A survey of Turner's career can be found in Geoffrey Serle, 'Turner, Sir George (1851–1916)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 12, (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1990), on line here [accessed 27 March 2014].


Colin Hughes and B D Graham (editors), A Handbook of Australian Government and Politics 1890-1964, (Canberra: Australian National University Press, 1968, SBN 708102700); Parliament of Victoria, One Hundred Years of Responsible Government 1856-1956, (Melbourne: Government Printer, 1957, Parliamentary Paper No. 40 of 1956-58); Paul Strangio and Brian Costar (editors), The Victorian Premiers 1856-2006, (Sydney: Federation Press, 2006, ISBN 9781862876019); Raymond Wright, A People's Counsel: A History of the Parliament of Victoria 1856-1990, (Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1992, ISBN 0195533593). Victoria Hansard (Record of Parliamentary Debates) on line here .

In consulting these sources, note the difference between ministries and periods in office.