Defeat in parliament (Gillies): Beginning of Munro's period in office; By early 1890, the government faced overwhelming financial difficulties and the social dislocation generated by economic recession but the issue prompting the defeat of the Gillies-Deakin ministry was the government's response to the maritime strike and union unrest of August and September 1890 (Lack, p.85 , see 'References', below). A motion of no confidence in the government was moved by the leader of the opposition, Munro, and passed 55 to 35 early in the morning of 31 October 1890; Victoria Parliamentary Debates, 1890 Session, vol. 65, 30 October 1890, p.2294.
Munro was commissioned to form a government on 5 November 1890. 'He call his ministry "a National Liberal Government" although it contained such former Conservatives as Shiels, McLean, Duffy, and Wheeler.' Hughes and Graham p.104 (see 'Sources', below).
Resignation of premier (Munro): The financial collapse in Victoria triggered by a bank failure late in 1889 brought to an end the boom of the 1880s. Premier Munro was embroiled in the failure of a bank he had founded and he was forced to resign as premier in February 1892 after public criticism of his behaviour (Lack, pp 98-99, see 'References', below). Parliament had been prorogued on 29 December 1891 with no statement by Munro of his financial difficulties; Victoria Parliamentary Debates, 1891 Session, vol. 68, 29 December 1891, p.3435.
References: For a study of government and politics during this depression period, see 'David Syme and the Three Stooges? The Bust Premiers: James Munro, William Shiels and J B Patterson', in Strangio and Costar (editors), ch. 6, (see 'Sources', below), and for a review of the Victorian parliamentary politics in the 1890s, see, Wright, ch. 6 (in 'Sources', below). A survey of Munro's career can be found in Ann M. Mitchell, 'Munro, James (1832–1908)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 5, (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1974), on line here [accessed 13 March 2014].
Colin Hughes and B D Graham (editors), A Handbook of Australian Government and Politics 1890-1964, (Canberra: Australian National University Press, 1968, SBN 708102700); Parliament of Victoria, One Hundred Years of Responsible Government 1856-1956, (Melbourne: Government Printer, 1957, Parliamentary Paper No. 40 of 1956-58); Paul Strangio and Brian Costar (editors), The Victorian Premiers 1856-2006, (Sydney: Federation Press, 2006, ISBN 9781862876019); Raymond Wright, A People's Counsel: A History of the Parliament of Victoria 1856-1990, (Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1992, ISBN 0195533593). Victoria Hansard (Record of Parliamentary Debates) on line here .