ID 0150

State Government of Tasmania beginning 25 October 1923 - period in office of Premier Lyons [premier], Joseph Aloysius ending on 15 June 1928



Period in office of premier (see Glossary entry for 'period in office' and related terms)

Premier
Lyons [premier], Joseph Aloysius
Date of beginning of period in office
25 October 1923
Date of end of period in office
15 June 1928 
Reason for end of preceding period in office
Defeat in parliament 
Reason for end of this government
Loss of general election
Number of days in office
1,695 

Parliamentary support during period

Party affiliation of premier at start of period
Australian Labor Party
If coalition government
Coalition partner 1
--none--
Coalition partner 2
--none--
Coalition partner 3
--none--
Coalition partner 4
--none--
Party support in parliament at beginning of period
Minority
If change in parliamentary support during period
3 June 1925
Majority
Result of general election
If further change during period
--none--  

Number of ministers at beginning of period (this may vary during the period)

Total number of ministers
6
Number from party of premier
6
Number from coalition party 1
0
Number from coalition party 2
0
Number from upper house
1
Number who are women
0

Assembly elections contested as premier or after which became premier (see Glossary entry for 'after election')

* to view table drag left or right.
Election Premier at election Premier's party Premier after election Premier's party
TAS 30 May 1928Joseph Aloysius Lyons [premier]Australian Labor PartyJohn Cameron McPheeNationalist Party
TAS 3 June 1925Joseph Aloysius Lyons [premier]Australian Labor PartyJoseph Aloysius Lyons [premier]Australian Labor Party

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Notes

Defeat in parliament: Beginning of Lyons's period in office: In October 1923 Lee introduced a program of substantial cuts to government expenditure. 'It included public service retrenchment, abolition of the agent-general's office, a reduction in the number of members of parliament, introduction of fees for high school students and the abolition of dental clinics and medical inspections for schoolchildren. Many taxes were to be increased. Though Lee survived a Labor no confidence motion, he was defeated on a move to consider the proposals in committee. His government had survived for ten weeks', Bennett, (see 'References', below). Lee asked for a dissolution but was refused, and Joseph Lyons was called upon to form a Labor government; see Hughes and Graham, pp. 259-260, (see 'Sources', below). Lyons was commissioned as Premier of an Australian Labor Party minority government supported by several dissident Nationalists.

Loss of election: Lyons won a majority for his government at the 1925 House of Assembly election, but the Australian Labor Party lost its majority at the 1928 House of Assembly election.

Lyons went on to become prime minister of a United Australia Party government in Canberra (see 'References', below), the only premier to move to federal politics and win election to become prime minister. Reid, the premier of New South Wales in the 1890s, held office as prime minister for 10 months in 1904-1905, but did not contest a federal election as prime minister.

References: For a description of the style of parliamentary government in this period, see John Reynolds, 'Premiers and Political Leaders', in F C Green (editor), Tasmania: A Century of Responsible Government 1856-1956, pp 208-215, (Hobart: L G Shea, Government Printer, [1956]), and note Terry Newman, Tasmanian Premiers 1856-1988: A Biographical Handbook, (Hobart: Tasmanian Parliamentary Library, [1988]). For a survey of Tasmanian Labor Party politics in this period, see Richard Davis, Eighty Years' Labor: The ALP in Tasmania, 1903-1983, pp 18-28 (Hobart: Sassafras Books and the History Department, University of Tasmania, 1983, ISBN 0859012212).

For a survey of Lyons's career, see P. R. Hart and C. J. Lloyd, 'Lyons, Joseph Aloysius (Joe) (1879 - 1939)' Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 10, pp 184-189, (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1986), on line at: http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A100181b.htm , and Anne Henderson, 'Joseph Aloysius Lyons', in Michelle Grattan (editor), Australian Prime Ministers, pp 152-167, (Sydney: New Holland, 2000, ISBN 1864366710).

Sources

'Ministries: Names of the Members of Successive Ministries which have held Office in Tasmania since the inauguration of Responsible Government, together with the Dates of Appointment and Retirement', Journal of House of Assembly, Second Session of the Forty-Fifth Parliament of Tasmania, Anno LIII and LV Eliz II; Session 2 of the 45th Parliament, Volume 251, 2004-2006, (Hobart: Government Printer, Tasmania); Colin A Hughes and B D Graham, A Handbook of Australian Government and Politics 1890-1964, (Canberra: Australian National University Press, 1968, SBN 708102700), and the website of the Parliament of Tasmania, http://www.parliament.tas.gov.au/

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