ID 0143

State Government of Tasmania beginning 20 October 1909 - period in office of Premier Earle, John ending on 27 October 1909



Period in office of premier (see Glossary entry for 'period in office' and related terms)

Premier
Earle, John
Date of beginning of period in office
20 October 1909
Date of end of period in office
27 October 1909 
Reason for end of preceding period in office
Defeat in parliament 
Reason for end of this government
Defeat in parliament
Number of days in office

Parliamentary support during period

Party affiliation of premier at start of period
Australian Labor Party
If coalition government
Coalition partner 1
--none--
Coalition partner 2
--none--
Coalition partner 3
--none--
Coalition partner 4
--none--
Party support in parliament at beginning of period
Minority
If change in parliamentary support during period
--none--  
If further change during period
--none--  

Number of ministers at beginning of period (this may vary during the period)

Total number of ministers
5
Number from party of premier
5
Number from coalition party 1
0
Number from coalition party 2
0
Number from upper house
1
Number who are women
0

Assembly elections contested as premier or after which became premier (see Glossary entry for 'after election')

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Election Premier at election Premier's party Premier after election Premier's party
TAS 25 March 1916John EarleAustralian Labor PartyWalter Henry LeeLiberal Party

Previous period in this series for TAS | Next period in this series for TAS


Notes

Defeat in parliament (Lewis): Beginning of Earle's first period in office: Some members of the parliamentary Liberal party had given only conditional support to the Lewis Liberal government, and the leader of the group, N K Ewing moved a motion of censure against the government in October 1909 and defeated the government. Lewis resigned and recommended that Earle, the leader of the Australian Labor Party opposition, be commissioned as Premier. For details, see Weller pp. 373-374, (see 'Emergence of political parties', below).

Defeat in parliament (Earle): After seven days in office, the Earle Australian Labor Party minority government was '...defeated in the House on a motion of no confiderence. Earle sought a dissolution, and, when it was refused, Lewis was again sent for', Hughes and Graham, p. 256 (see 'Sources', below). Lewis was able to form a government because the six rebel members had been reunited with the Liberal Party; see Weller, p. 374, (see 'Emergence of political parties', below).

Emergence of political parties: During the 1890s, the factional politics of previous years began to give way to political groupings and electoral organizations which foreshadowed the emergence of modern political parties. For the emergence of political parties in Tasmania, see Patrick Weller, 'Tasmania' in P Loveday, A W Martin and R S Parker (editors), The Emergence of the Australian Party System, pp 355-382 (Sydney: Hale & Iremonger, 1977, ISBN 0908094035), R P Davis, 'Tasmania', in D J Murphy (editor), Labor in Politics: The State Labor Parties in Australia 1880-1920, pp 389-445, (St. Lucia, Qld: University of Queensland Press, 1975, ISBN 0702209392), and .

References: For a description of the style of parliamentary government in this period, see John Reynolds, 'Premiers and Political Leaders', in F C Green (editor), Tasmania: A Century of Responsible Government 1856-1956, pp 208-215, (Hobart: L G Shea, Government Printer, [1956]), and note Terry Newman, Tasmanian Premiers 1856-1988: A Biographical Handbook, (Hobart: Tasmanian Parliamentary Library, [1988]). For a survey of Labor Party politics in this period, see Richard Davis, Eighty Years' Labor: The ALP in Tasmania, 1903-1983, pp 8-12 (Hobart: Sassafras Books and the History Department, University of Tasmania, 1983, ISBN 0859012212).

For a survey of Earle's career, see Marilyn Lake, 'Earle, John (1865 - 1932)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 8, pp 401-402 (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1981), on line at: http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A080425b.htm

Sources

'Ministries: Names of the Members of Successive Ministries which have held Office in Tasmania since the inauguration of Responsible Government, together with the Dates of Appointment and Retirement', Journal of House of Assembly, Second Session of the Forty-Fifth Parliament of Tasmania, Anno LIII and LV Eliz II; Session 2 of the 45th Parliament, Volume 251, 2004-2006, (Hobart: Government Printer, Tasmania); Colin A Hughes and B D Graham, A Handbook of Australian Government and Politics 1890-1964, (Canberra: Australian National University Press, 1968, SBN 708102700), and the website of the Parliament of Tasmania, http://www.parliament.tas.gov.au/

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