|Election||Premier at election||Premier's party||Premier after election||Premier's party|
|NSW 22 November 1864||James Martin||Support from parliamentary factions and independents||Charles Cowper||Support from parliamentary factions and independents|
Defeat in parliament (Cowper): Beginning of Martin's first period in office; Cowper 'Resigned after financial proposals defeated in Legislative Assembly', see Clune and Turner, vol. 1 table 3, pp. 228-229 (see 'Sources', below). Martin was then commissioned to form a government.
Loss of election (Martin): Martin 'Lacked support in Legislative Assembly. Obtained dissolution. Defeated at election', see Clune and Turner, vol. 1 table 3, pp. 228-229 (see 'Sources', below).
References: For a description and analysis of the style of parliamentary government in this period, see David Clune and Ken Turner, 'Introduction: The Colonial Premiers', pp. 1-12, in Clune and Turner vol. 1 (see, 'Sources', below), and Peter Loveday and A W Martin, Parliament, Factions and Parties: The First Thirty Years of Responsible Government in New South Wales, 1856-1889, (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1966).
For a survey of Martin's political career, see J M Bennett, 'James (later Sir James) Martin', in Clune and Turner, vol. 1, pp. 103-119 (see 'Sources', below), and Bede Nairn, 'Martin, Sir James (1820-1886)', in Douglas Pike (general editor), Australian Dictionary of Biography, vol. 5, pp. 397-398, (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1974, ISBN 522840612).
David Clune and Ken Turner (editors), The Premiers of New South Wales, vol. 1, (1856-1901), (Sydney: Federation Press, 2006, ISBN 186287550); G N Hawker, The Parliament of New South Wales 1856-1965, appendix C, (Ultimo, NSW: Government Printer, 1971); New South Wales, Parliament, The New South Wales Parliamentary Record: Legislative Council and Legislative Assembly, 1824-1999, vol. VI, pp. 246-308, (Sydney: Parliament of New South Wales, 1999). In consulting these sources, note the difference between ministries and periods in office.