Loss of general election (Patterson): Beginning of Turner's first period in office; 'Defeated in the election of 20 September 1894, the [Patterson] ministry decided to resign without meeting the Assembly. The Governor acted on Patterson's advice in asking Turner, the Leader of the Opposition, to form a new government', Hughes and Graham, p.106 (see 'Sources', below). Turner was commissioned to form a government on 27 September 1894.
Defeat in parliament (Turner): 'The Turner government was defeated on 30 November 1899 by 47 to 36 on a want-of-confidence motion put by McLean and supported by the Opposition and several former ministerialists.' Hughes and Graham, p.107 (see 'Sources', below); Victoria Parliamentary Debates, 1899-1900 Session, vol. 93, 30 November 1899, pp 2730-2830. 'There was no great issue of principle at stake, but the role of the country liberals was a symptom of rural dissatisfaction with what they saw as the urban domination of politics, which would later give rise to the Country Party.' Rickard, p.116 (see 'References', below).
'[Turner's] request for a dissolution having been refused, Turner submitted his resignation and advised the Governor to send for McLean.' Hughes and Graham, p.107 (see 'Sources', below).
References: For a study of Turner's period in office, see John Rickard, 'The Quiet Little Man in a Brown Suit: George Turner and the Politics of Consensus', in Strangio and Costar (editors), ch. 7, (see 'Sources', below), and for a review of Victorian parliamentary politics in the 1890s, see, Wright, ch. 6 (in 'Sources', below). A survey of Turner's career can be found in Geoffrey Serle, 'Turner, Sir George (1851–1916)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 12, (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1990), on line here [accessed 27 March 2014].
Colin Hughes and B D Graham (editors), A Handbook of Australian Government and Politics 1890-1964, (Canberra: Australian National University Press, 1968, SBN 708102700); Parliament of Victoria, One Hundred Years of Responsible Government 1856-1956, (Melbourne: Government Printer, 1957, Parliamentary Paper No. 40 of 1956-58); Paul Strangio and Brian Costar (editors), The Victorian Premiers 1856-2006, (Sydney: Federation Press, 2006, ISBN 9781862876019); Raymond Wright, A People's Counsel: A History of the Parliament of Victoria 1856-1990, (Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1992, ISBN 0195533593). Victoria Hansard (Record of Parliamentary Debates) on line here .