Elections held in 19 March 1988
Criteria for the inclusion of parties in this table are set out in the Glossary under 'listed party'
|Party Name||Candidates n||First preference vote n||First preference vote share %||Change from previous election %||Seats won by party n||Seats won by party %||Seats held by party n||Seats held by party %|
|Liberal Party - National Party (joint ticket)||10||1,403,300||46.15||+3.54||7||46.67|
|Australian Labor Party||10||1,140,634||37.51||-9.37||6||40.00||21||46.67|
|Call to Australia||5||173,569||5.71||-0.38||1||6.67||3||6.67|
|Independent EFF (Enterprise, Freedom & Family)||7||72,965||2.40||*||0|
|Nuclear Disarmament Party||2||28,161||0.93||*||0|
|Defence Ex-Service Team||2||6,970||0.23||*||0|
* Party did not contest previous election or did not meet criteria for listing, or contested previous election under a different party name.
History of the Legislative Council: For information and references on the evolution of the Legislative Council, see the note for the 1978 Legislative Council election.
Electoral system: The members of the Legislative Council were elected for three Legislative Assembly terms (a maximum of 12 years), a third of the membership (15 members) retiring every Legislative Council election which was held at the same time as general elections for the Assembly. The state was one electoral district (see at large election) and members were elected using proportional representation by the single transferable vote method (STV) with optional preferences above a minimum of 10 ranked candidates; see Clune and Griffith, pp. 503-515, and Twomey, pp. 346-350, (see 'References', below), and Green (in 'Sources', below).
This was the first election which permitted above the line voting for the New South Wales Legislative Council; see Hagan and Clothier, p. 275, (see 'References', below), and Green (see 'Sources', below).
Liberal and National parties: As with Senate contests in New South Wales, the Liberal Party and the National Party ran a joint ticket for the Legislative Council election, combining candidates from both parties; see seats won by ticket, seats won by party, and seats held by party.
Independents: The introduction of above the line voting for Legislative Council elections required Independent candidates to rethink their electoral strategy; there was now a stronger motivation to form a group of like-minded candidates to benefit from the new system. The candidates and votes shown for Independents for this Legislative Council election in the table above are the 3 candidates of the Community Independents group (52,992 votes), and the votes for 4 other candidates who ran without party or group affiliation in the ungrouped category on the ballot paper (3,396 votes); see Hagan and Clothier, p. 257, (see 'References', below), and note 'Independent EFF', below.
Independent EFF: The 7 candidates of the Independent EFF (Enterprise, Freedom and Family) group although a group of independents (see previous note), could be seen as a quasi-party (Hagan and Clothier, p. 257, see 'References', below), but the candidates maintained an anti-party stance; see Rodney Smith, Against the Machines: Minor Parties and Independents in New South Wales 1910-2006, pp. 96-97 (Sydney: Federation Press, 2006, ISBN 9781862876231). The Independent EFF group ran a joint ticket with other independents at the 1991 Legislative Council Election, but ran again as a separate group in 1995.
Environment Group: This green party grouping followed the Environmental Action group which ran in the 1981 New South Wales Legislative Council Election and was the precursor to the Greens party grouping which contested the following Legislative Council election in 1991.
References: A comprehensive study of the Legislative Council's history and operation can be found in David Clune and Gareth Griffith, Decision and Deliberation: The Parliament of New South Wales 1856-2003, (Sydney: Federation Press, 2006, ISBN 186287591X), and Anne Twomey, The Constitution of New South Wales, (Sydney: Federation Press, 2004, ISBN 1862875162).
For a survey of this election and the preceding period, see Jim Hagan and Craig Clothier, '1988', in Michael Hogan and David Clune (editors), The People's Choice: Electoral Politics in 20th Century New South Wales, vol. 3 (1968-1999), pp. 251-281, (Sydney: Parliament of New South Wales and University of Sydney, 2001, ISBN 0909907412); pp. 257, and 275-276, deal with issues directly relating to the Legislative Council election.
Antony Green, Electing the New South Wales Legislative Council 1978 to 1995: Past Results and Future Prospects, (Sydney: New South Wales Parliamentary Library, Background Paper No. 1995/2, ISSN 8017-3796; ISBN 724095686); Colin A Hughes, A Handbook of Australian Government and Politics 1985-1999, pp. 301-302, (Sydney: Federation Press, 2002, ISBN 1862874344).