ID 0521

Parliament of Western Australia, Legislative Assembly election

Election of 14 December 1996


Show only vote and seat summary details

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General election for the Legislative Assembly
Western Australia
Date of election (or first day of voting at elections held over more than one day)
14 December 1996

Government in office and parliamentary support before and after the election

Government in office at election

Premier in office at date of election. (check notes to see if change of Premier since previous election)
Premier's party affiliation
Liberal Party
Legislative Assembly support for government at election
Coalition
If coalition, coalition partner(s)
National Party

Government in office after election

Premier's party affiliation
Liberal Party
Legislative Assembly support for government after election
Coalition
If coalition, coalition partner(s)
National Party

Enrolment and voting

Total number of voters on the roll
1,119,992
Number of Assembly seats
57
Number of uncontested seats
0
If uncontested seats, number of voters on the roll in uncontested seats
Number of voters on the roll in contested seats
1,119,992
Total ballots cast (may differ from number of votes in multiple voting systems)
1,007,835
Turnout (rate of voting in contested seats)
89.99%
Total valid votes
963
Rate of informal (invalid) voting
4.39%
Informal (invalid) ballots in multiple voting system
Not applicable
Electoral system
Adult franchise at 18 years; single member districts; preferential voting (AV), compulsory preferences; compulsory voting


Western Australia, Legislative Assembly votes and seats won

Display Chart

Election held on 14 December 1996
Criteria for the inclusion of parties in this table are set out in the Glossary under 'listed party'

* to view table drag left or right.
Party Name First preference vote n First preference vote share % Change from previous election % Seats won n Uncontested seats held n Seat share %
Liberal Party   383,242  39.77  -4.38  29  50.88 
Australian Labor Party  345,159  35.82  -1.26  19  33.33 
Independents  76,331  7.92  +1.22  5.26 
National Party   55,817  5.79  +0.48  10.53 
Australian Democrats  48,985  5.08  +2.76     
Greens WA  45,550  4.73  +0.42     
Australian Marijuana Party  3,245  0.34     
Citizens Electoral Council  1,671  0.17     
Australia First Party  1,006  0.10     
CALM Resistance Movement  952  0.10  +0.06     
Call to Australia  733  0.08  +0.03     
Australian Reform Party  589  0.06     
Australian Peoples Party  326  0.03     
Votes for other than listed parties 0 0.00 0.00       
Totals 963  100.00    57  100.00 


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* Party did not contest previous election or did not meet criteria for listing, or contested previous election under a different party name.

Notes

Premier in office at election: The Richard Court Liberal Party and National Party coalition government was returned at this election (1996) with its vote share reduced by 4 percent but its majority in the Legislative Assembly reduced by only one seat.

Australian Labor Party: For a study of the Labor Party during this period, see Anthony Sayers, 'Western Australia: Picking up the Pieces', in John Warhurst and Andrew Parkin (editors), The Machine: Labor Confronts the Future, (St. Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin, 2000, ISBN 1864487216).

Independents: The three Independents elected at this election were Ernest Bridge (Kimberley) who had defected from the Australian Labor Party in 1995 after having been the Labor member for Kimberley since 1977; Elizabeth Constable (Churchlands) who regarded herself as an Independent Liberal since the time of her first entry to the Assembly in a by-election in 1991; and Phillip Pendal (South Perth), who had been elected to the Assembly at the previous election (1993) as a member of the Liberal Party, and sat after this election (1996) as an Independent Liberal.

Australian Marijuana Party: This party (under the name Marijuana Party) was formed in 1977; for details, see Dean Jaensch and David Mathieson, A Plague on Both Your Houses: Minor Parties in Australia, p.59 (St Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin, 1998, ISBN 1864484217).

Citizens Electoral Council: Right leaning party with alleged anti-Semitic views; for information and voting figures, see Dean Jaensch and David Mathieson, A Plague on Both Your Houses: Minor Parties in Australia, p.34 (St Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin, 1998, ISBN 1864484217). The party fielded 3 candidates at this election (1996).

Australia First Party: This party was formed in 1996 by Graeme Campbell, the former Australian Labor Party member for the House of Representatives seat of Kalgoorlie, who left the party and ran successfully for the seat in the 1996 election until defeated in 1998; for more information, see Dean Jaensch and David Mathieson, A Plague on Both Your Houses: Minor Parties in Australia, p.87 (St Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin, 1998, ISBN 1864484217). The party fielded 2 candidates at this election (1996).

CALM Resistance Movement: 'Formed 1992; to oppose some policies of the Conservation and Land Management Department in Western Australia', Dean Jaensch and David Mathieson, A Plague on Both Your Houses: Minor Parties in Australia, p.35 (St Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin, 1998, ISBN 1864484217). The party fielded one candidate at this election (1996).

Call to Australia: The Call to Australia party was associated with the New South Wales based Reverend Fred Nile, and was formed in 1980; 'Pro-family national political party based on Christian principles', Dean Jaensch and David Mathieson, A Plague on Both Your Houses: Minor Parties in Australia, pp 64-65 (St Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin, 1998, ISBN 1864484217). The party fielded one candidate at this election (1996).

Australian Reform Party: Formed in 1996 '... by Ted Drane, President of the Sporting Shooters Association [of Victoria]. Pro-gun; anti-immigration ...', Dean Jaensch and David Mathieson, A Plague on Both Your Houses: Minor Parties in Australia, p.35 (St Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin, 1998, ISBN 1864484217). The party fielded one candidate at this election (1996).

Australian Peoples Party: The party fielded one candidate at this election (1996).

References: For a brief survey of this election and its context, see David Black and Harry J C Phillips, 'Western Australia', Australian Journal of Politics and History, Australian Political Chronicle, 42 (3) December 1996: 433-447.

Sources

Antony Green, Western Australian State Election 1996, Western Australian Parliamentary Library, Election Paper Series 1/2001 (Perth, Western Australian Parliamentary Library, 2001, ISBN 0730761002), also online at: https://bit.ly/2JyHREJ [accessed 8 August 2010]

See also Colin A Hughes, A Handbook of Australian Government and Politics 1985-1999, (Sydney: Federation Press, 2002, ISBN 1862873433); David Black, Election Statistics Legislative Assembly of Western Australia 1890-1996, Listed Alphabetically by Constituency, (Perth: Parliament of Western Australia and Western Australian Electoral Commission, 1997); and David Black. An Index to Parliamentary Candidates in Western Australian Elections State and Federal 1890-2006, 2nd edition, (Perth: Parliament of Western Australia, 2006, ISBN 1920830774).



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