ID 0511

Parliament of Western Australia, Legislative Assembly election

Election of 20 February 1965


Show only vote and seat summary details

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General election for the Legislative Assembly
Western Australia
Date of election (or first day of voting at elections held over more than one day)
20 February 1965

Government in office and parliamentary support before and after the election

Government in office at election

Premier in office at date of election. (check notes to see if change of Premier since previous election)
Premier's party affiliation
Liberal and Country League
Legislative Assembly support for government at election
Coalition
If coalition, coalition partner(s)
Country and Democratic League

Government in office after election

Premier in office after election.
Premier's party affiliation
Liberal and Country League
Legislative Assembly support for government after election
Coalition
If coalition, coalition partner(s)
Country Party

Enrolment and voting

Total number of voters on the roll
408,462
Number of Assembly seats
50
Number of uncontested seats
11
If uncontested seats, number of voters on the roll in uncontested seats
72,829
Number of voters on the roll in contested seats
335,633
Total ballots cast (may differ from number of votes in multiple voting systems)
309,893
Turnout (rate of voting in contested seats)
92.33%
Total valid votes
300,259
Rate of informal (invalid) voting
3.11%
Informal (invalid) ballots in multiple voting system
Not applicable
Electoral system
Adult franchise at 21 years; single member districts; preferential voting (AV), compulsory preferences; compulsory voting


Western Australia, Legislative Assembly votes and seats won

Display Chart

Election held on 20 February 1965
Criteria for the inclusion of parties in this table are set out in the Glossary under 'listed party'

* to view table drag left or right.
Party Name First preference vote n First preference vote share % Change from previous election % Seats won n Uncontested seats held n Seat share %
Liberal & Country League  144,178  48.02  +7.66  21  42.00 
Australian Labor Party  128,025  42.64  -1.77  21  42.00 
Country Party  14,630  4.87  16.00 
Independents  5,687  1.89  -2.37     
Independent Liberal  4,630  1.54  -0.19     
Democratic Labor Party  2,825  0.94  -1.32     
Communist Party  284  0.09  -0.32     
Votes for other than listed parties 0 0.00 0.00       
Totals 300,259  100.00    50  11  100.00 


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* Party did not contest previous election or did not meet criteria for listing, or contested previous election under a different party name.

Notes

Premier in office at election: The Brand Liberal Country League and Country Party (for change of name see note below) coalition government was returned to office at this election (1965) with a substantial increase in the number of Liberal and Country League seats and an increase in the vote share of this party of more than 7 percent.

Liberal and Country League: In 1949, a public meeting '... attended by several hundred people from various parts of the state approved the formation of the Liberal and Country League (LCL) .... The Liberal Party agreed to submerge its identity in the new party...' David Black, 'The Liberal Party and its Predecessors', in Ralph Pervan and Campbell Sharman (editors), Essays on Western Australian Politics, pp 191-232, at p.218 (Perth: University of Western Australia Press, 1979, ISBN 0855641495). Black argues that this change of name was part of a continuing struggle between the Liberal Party and the Country Party; see 'References', below.

Australian Labor Party: For a study of the Australian Labor Party in Western Australia which includes this period, see Ralph Pervan and Douglas Mitchell, 'The Changing Nature of the Australian Labor Party', in Ralph Pervan and Campbell Sharman (editors), Essays on Western Australian Politics, pp 129-158, (Perth: University of Western Australia Press, 1979, ISBN 0855641495), and see 'References', below.

Country Party and Country and Democratic League: The name Country and Democratic League had been adopted by the Country Party in 1944 as a sign of the party's intention to widen its electoral appeal (see the notes for the 1947 Legislative Assembly elections). But the parliamentary party reverted to the name 'Country Party' in 1949 even though the '... title of the organization did not revert from CDL [Country and Democratic League] to Country Party until the 1960s [this election]', Lenore Layman, 'The Country Party: Rise and Decline', in Ralph Pervan and Campbell Sharman (editors), Essays on Western Australian Politics, pp 159-190, endnote 49, p. 188 (Perth: University of Western Australia Press, 1979, ISBN 0855641495).

Democratic Labor Party: The Australian Labor Party and the trade union movement suffered major internal divisions in the 1950s which came to a head in 1955 with a split in some state branches of the Party and the creation of what was to become the Democratic Labor Party; for an extensive study of this period, see Robert Murray, The Split: Australian Labor in the Fifties, (Melbourne: Cheshire, 1972, ISBN 0701516755). For the formation of the party in Western Australia and its continuing effect on Labor politics into the 1970s, note Ralph Pervan and Douglas Mitchell, 'The Changing Nature of the Australian Labor Party', in Ralph Pervan and Campbell Sharman (editors), Essays on Western Australian Politics, pp 129-158, at pp 140-143 (Perth: University of Western Australia Press, 1979, ISBN 0855641495).

References: For a brief survey of this election and its context, see E D Watt, 'Western Australia', Australian Journal of Politics and History, Australian Political Chronicle, 11 (2) August 1965: 237-240.

For the political context of this election (1965), see David Black, 'The Liberals Triumphant: The Politics of Development 1947-1980', in C T Stannage (editor), A New History of Western Australia, pp 441-470, at pp 445-447, (Perth: University of Western Australia Press, 1981, ISBN 0855641819); for an overview of the context of Western Australian parliamentary and electoral politics in this period, see Lenore Layman, 'Continuity and Change 1947-1965', in David Black (editor), The House on the Hill: A History of the Parliament of Western Australia 1832-1990, pp 153-183, (Perth: Western Australian Parliamentary History Project, Parliament of Western Australia, 1991, ISBN 0730939839).

Sources

Colin A Hughes, A Handbook of Australian Government and Politics 1965-1974, (Canberra: Australian National University Press, 1977, ISBN 0708113400); Colin A Hughes, Voting for the Australian State Lower Houses 1965-1974, (Canberra: Department of Political Science, Research School of Social Sciences, Australian National University, 1981, ISBN 909596735); David Black, Election Statistics Legislative Assembly of Western Australia 1890-1996, Listed Alphabetically by Constituency, (Perth: Parliament of Western Australia and Western Australian Electoral Commission, 1997); and David Black. An Index to Parliamentary Candidates in Western Australian Elections State and Federal 1890-2006, 2nd edition, (Perth: Parliament of Western Australia, 2006, ISBN 1920830774).



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