ID 0495

Parliament of Western Australia, Legislative Assembly election

Election of 21 October 1914


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General election for the Legislative Assembly
Western Australia
Date of election (or first day of voting at elections held over more than one day)
21 October 1914

Government in office and parliamentary support before and after the election

Government in office at election

Premier in office at date of election. (check notes to see if change of Premier since previous election)
Premier's party affiliation
Australian Labor Party
Legislative Assembly support for government at election
Majority
If coalition, coalition partner(s)

Government in office after election

Premier in office after election.
Premier's party affiliation
Australian Labor Party
Legislative Assembly support for government after election
Majority
If coalition, coalition partner(s)

Enrolment and voting

Total number of voters on the roll
214,741
Number of Assembly seats
50
Number of uncontested seats
14
If uncontested seats, number of voters on the roll in uncontested seats
46,195
Number of voters on the roll in contested seats
168,546
Total ballots cast (may differ from number of votes in multiple voting systems)
96,605
Turnout (rate of voting in contested seats)
57.32%
Total valid votes
95,478
Rate of informal (invalid) voting
1.17%
Informal (invalid) ballots in multiple voting system
Not applicable
Electoral system
Adult franchise at 21 years; single member districts; preferential voting (AV), compulsory preferences


Western Australia, Legislative Assembly votes and seats won

Display Chart

Election held on 21 October 1914
Criteria for the inclusion of parties in this table are set out in the Glossary under 'listed party'

* to view table drag left or right.
Party Name First preference vote n First preference vote share % Change from previous election % Seats won n Uncontested seats held n Seat share %
Liberal Party   41,929  43.91  -0.89  16  32.00 
Australian Labor Party  40,205  42.11  -10.43  26  12  52.00 
Country Party  13,344  13.98  16.00 
Votes for other than listed parties 0 0.00 0.00       
Totals 95,478  100.00    50  14  100.00 


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* Party did not contest previous election or did not meet criteria for listing, or contested previous election under a different party name.

Notes

Election dates: Elections were held over the period from 21 October to 11 November 1914; for details of polling dates, see Black, Election Statistics, pp. xv-xvii, (see 'Sources', below) [note error in omission of first date for 1914].

Premier in office at election: Scaddan was Premier of an Australian Labor Party majority government when this election (1914) for the Legislative Assembly was called. The Scaddan government was returned but with its majority in the Assembly reduced to two members.

Australian Labor Party: For a study of the Labor Party during this period, see H J Gibney, 'Western Australia', in D J Murphy (editor), Labor in Politics: The State Labor Parties in Australia 1880-1920, pp 343-385, (St Lucia, Qld: University of Queensland Press, 1975, ISBN 0702209392), and note Ralph Pervan and Douglas Mitchell, 'The Changing Nature of the Australian Labor Party', in Ralph Pervan and Campbell Sharman (editors), Essays on Western Australian Politics, pp 129-158, (Perth: University of Western Australia Press, 1979, ISBN 0855641495).

Liberal Party: For a study of the Liberal Party in this period, see David Black, 'The Liberal Party and its Predecessors', in Ralph Pervan and Campbell Sharman (editors), Essays on Western Australian Politics, pp 191-232, at pp 195-201 (Perth: University of Western Australia Press, 1979, ISBN 0855641495), and note David Black, 'Party Politics in Turmoil, 1911-1924', in C T Stannage (editor), A New History of Western Australia, pp 381-405, (Perth: University of Western Australia Press, 1981, ISBN 0855641819).

Country Party: 'The decision of the FSA [Western Australian Farmers and Settlers Association] to form a third political party was taken in 1913 and grew out of the belief among farmers that their interests were neglected by both the existing parties, Labor and Liberal', Lenore Layman, 'The Country Party: Rise and Decline', in Ralph Pervan and Campbell Sharman (editors), Essays on Western Australian Politics, pp 159-190, at p. 159 (Perth: University of Western Australia Press, 1979, ISBN 0855641495); for a survey and analysis of the rise of country parties across Australia, see B D Graham, The Formation of the Australian Country Parties, (Canberra: Australian National University Press, 1966).

References: For a study of the context of Western Australian parliamentary and electoral politics in this period, see David Black, 'Factionalism and Stability, 1911-1947', in David Black (editor), The House on the Hill: A History of the Parliament of Western Australia 1832-1990, pp 97-151, (Perth: Western Australian Parliamentary History Project, Parliament of Western Australia, 1991, ISBN 0730939839).

Sources

Colin A Hughes and B D Graham, A Handbook of Australian Government and Politics 1890-1964, (Canberra: Australian National University Press, 1968, SBN 708102700); Colin A Hughes and B D Graham, Voting for the South Australian, Western Australian and Tasmanian Lower Houses 1890-1964, (Canberra: Department of Political Science, Research School of Social Sciences, Australian National University, 1976, ISBN 0708113346); David Black, Election Statistics Legislative Assembly of Western Australia 1890-1996, Listed Alphabetically by Constituency, (Perth: Parliament of Western Australia and Western Australian Electoral Commission, 1997); and David Black. An Index to Parliamentary Candidates in Western Australian Elections State and Federal 1890-2006, 2nd edition, (Perth: Parliament of Western Australia, 2006, ISBN 1920830774).



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