Election held on 30 November 1929
Criteria for the inclusion of parties in this table are set out in the Glossary under 'listed party'
|Party Name||First preference vote n||First preference vote share %||Change from previous election %||Seats won n||Uncontested seats held n||Seat share %|
|Australian Labor Party||247,251||39.09||-2.71||30||14||46.15|
|National Party (Nationalists)||242,009||38.26||+7.15||17||3||26.15|
|Country Progressive Party||33,798||5.34||+1.18||4||1||6.15|
|Independent Country Party||1,313||0.21||*||0|
|Votes for other than listed parties||0||0.00||0.00|
* Party did not contest previous election or did not meet criteria for listing, or contested previous election under a different party name.
Government in office at election: There had been a change of government since in the previous Legislative Assembly election in April 1927, after which Hogan had been commissioned as Premier of an Australian Labor Party minority government.
In November 1928, 'McPherson, the [Nationalist] Leader of the Opposition, moved a no-confidence motion in the [Hogan] ministry for its handling of a waterfront strike, and Dunstan [the leader of the Country Progressive Party] proposed an amendment censuring it for its electoral redistribution plans. The motion and amendment were carried on 14 November, both 30-31. Hogan refused to accept these results as a clear indication of opinion but the ministry was again defeated on a test motion, 34-28 on the 20th. Hogan resigned on the following day, his request for a dissolution having been refused.' Hughes and Graham 1968, p.124 (see 'Sources', below).
On 23 October 1929, the McPherson government was defeated on a no-confidence motion condemning the ministry for not doing more for the unemployed, by 34 votes to 30, with Dunstan, the leader of the Country Progressive Party, voting against the government; McPherson was granted a dissolution of parliament by the Governor for an Assembly election to be held on 30 November 1929 (this election).
Government in office after election: At this election the Australian Labor Party, the National Party (Nationalists) and the Country Party all gained one or two seats, but no party had a majority. 'Following the election, [McPherson's] ministry chose to meet the new Assembly but, on 11 December, a no-confidence motion [an amendment to the address in reply] proposed by Hogan, the Labor leader [and supported by Dunstan] was carried against it, 36-28.' Hughes and Graham 1968, p.125 (see 'Sources', below); McPherson resigned on 12 December 1929.
On 12 December 1929, Hogan became Premier of an Australian Labor Party minority government, with conditional support from Dunstan and the four members of the Country Progressive Party.
Liberal Party grouping: A group of three dissident Nationalists ran as Liberal candidates, two of whom were elected: Frederick Forrest as a Progressive Liberal in the seat of Caulfield, and Alfred Gray as an Australian Liberal in the seat of St Kilda.
Independent Nationalists and Independent Country Party: Six candidates ran as Independent Nationalists, and one as an Independent Country Party candidate, but none was elected.
Independents: Four candidates ran without any party label as Independents, one of whom, James McLachlan, was re-elected unopposed to the seat of Gippsland North.
Communist Party: The Communist Party of Australia had been founded in 1920. A Communist Party candidate had run in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly election of 1925 but Thomas Le Huray was the first Communist Party candidate in Victoria; he contested the Assembly seat of Port Melbourne and gained 10.5 percent of the first preference vote in that electoral district.
References: For a review of politics around the time of this election, see Peter Love, 'Elmslie, Prendergast and Hogan: Labouring Against the Tide', ch. 13; and Richard Allsop, 'William McPherson: "Threepenny" Premier and Philanthropist', ch. 15, both chapters in Paul Strangio and Brian Costar, (editors), The Victorian Premiers 1856-2006, (Sydney: Federation Press, 2006, ISBN 9781862876019). For a study of the Victorian parliament during this period, see Wright, ch. 8 (in 'Sources', below).
Paul Strangio, Neither Power Nor Glory: 100 years of Political Labor in Victoria, 1856-1956, deals with Labor politics this period in ch. 5 (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 2012, ISBN 9780522861822); for the evolution of the Country Party during this period, see generally B D Graham, The Formation of the Australian Country Parties, ch. 7 (Canberra: Australian National University Press, 1966).
For this election (1929), there is broad agreement between the three sources below on the number of valid votes and the votes and seats won by the largest four parties, but there are differences in the way small party and Independent candidates are categorized, and minor differences in their vote shares. In the table above, votes for the four largest parties are taken from Hughes and Graham 1968, and the votes and partisan affiliation of minor party and Independent candidates is based on Hughes and Graham 1975, supplemented by Carr's online Election Archive (for more information, see the notes, above).
Colin A Hughes and B D Graham, A Handbook of Australian Government and Politics 1890-1964, (Canberra: Australian National University Press, 1968, SBN 708102700); Colin A Hughes and B D Graham,Voting for the Victoria[n] Legislative Assembly 1890-1964, (Canberra: Department of Political Science, Research School of Social Sciences, Australian National University, 1975, ISBN 070811332X).
Adam Carr, 'Thirtieth Parliament Elected 30 November 1929', in 'Legislative Assembly Elections', Victorian Elections Since 1843, Psephos: Adam Carr's Election Archive, online here [accessed 2 March 2017].
Raymond Wright, A People's Counsel: A History of the Parliament of Victoria 1856-1990, (Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1992, ISBN 0195533593)
Victoria, Office of the Chief Parliamentary Counsel, 'Victorian Historical Acts', online here [accessed 13 February 2017].