ID 0444

Parliament of Tasmania, House of Assembly election

Election of 1 February 1992

Show only vote and seat summary details

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General election for the House of Assembly
Date of election (or first day of voting at elections held over more than one day)
1 February 1992

Government in office and parliamentary support before and after the election

Government in office at election

Premier in office at date of election. (check notes to see if change of Premier since previous election)
Premier's party affiliation
Australian Labor Party
House of Assembly support for government at election
If coalition, coalition partner(s)

Government in office after election

Premier in office after election.
Premier's party affiliation
Liberal Party
House of Assembly support for government after election
If coalition, coalition partner(s)

Enrolment and voting

Total number of voters on the roll
Number of Assembly seats
Number of uncontested seats
If uncontested seats, number of voters on the roll in uncontested seats
Number of voters on the roll in contested seats
Total ballots cast (may differ from number of votes in multiple voting systems)
Turnout (rate of voting in contested seats)
Total valid votes
Rate of informal (invalid) voting
Informal (invalid) ballots in multiple voting system
Not applicable
Electoral system
Adult franchise at 18 years (from 1976); multimember districts; proportional representation by the single transferable vote method (STV); compulsory voting

Tasmania, House of Assembly votes and seats won

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Election held on 1 February 1992
Criteria for the inclusion of parties in this table are set out in the Glossary under 'listed party'

* to view table drag left or right.
Party Name First preference vote n First preference vote share % Change from previous election % Seats won n Uncontested seats held n Seat share %
Liberal Party  154,337  54.11  +7.20  19  54.29 
Australian Labor Party  82,296  28.85  -5.86  11  31.43 
Tasmanian Greens (Independents)  37,742  13.23  -3.90  14.29 
Advance Tasmania Party  7,263  2.55     
Independents  3,228  1.13  +0.79     
More Jobs Party  356  0.12     
Votes for other than listed parties 0 0.00 0.00       
Totals 285,222  100.00    35  100.00 

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* Party did not contest previous election or did not meet criteria for listing, or contested previous election under a different party name.


Government in office at election: At the previous general election for the House of Assembly on 13 May 1989, the Liberal Party won 17 of the 35 Assembly seats, the Australian Labor Party 13, and Green Independents 5 (see note on Tasmanian Greens (Independents), below). After considerable political controversy, Field became Premier of an Australian Labor Party minority government supported by an Accord with five Green Independents; for details and references, see the notes to the 1989 House of Assembly election.

Early in 1992, Premier Field decided to call a general election for the House of Assembly for 1 February 1992. 'In making his announcement, Field was cognizant of the fact that upon the resumption of Parliament, the Green Independents would in all probability move a no-confidence motion in his government which would be supported by the Liberal Opposition. Field claimed that Parliament was unworkable and that the government had lost effective control of the House of Assembly in November 1991 when the Opposition, under former leader Robin Gray, succeeded in altering the timetable for the resumption of Parliament from the March date nominated by the government to early February', Dalwood, 'Tasmania', pp 453-454 (see 'References', below).

Government in office after election: At the House of Assembly election held on 1 February 1992 (this election), the Liberal Party won 19 of the 35 Assembly seats, the Australian Labor Party 11, and the Green Independents 5 (see note on Tasmanian Greens (Independents), below). The Labor Party secured less than 29 percent of the first preference vote, the lowest vote share for the party since 1906. Groom was commissioned as Premier of a Liberal Party majority government.

Electoral system and voting: The Constitution Amendment Act 1906 '... reduced the number of Assembly districts to five, the boundaries of which were to be identical with the five Commonwealth electoral districts', Bennett and Bennett, p.12, (see 'Sources', below). The 1906 Act specified six members in each electoral district, but this was increased to seven from 1959, creating an Assembly of 35 members. The Electoral Act 1907 introduced proportional representation by the single transferable vote (STV) method to elect all members of the Assembly, a method which became known as the Hare-Clark system.

For details of the adoption of STV and references on the operation of the electoral system, see the notes to the 1909 House of Assembly elections. From 1980, candidates' names were rotated within party lists on the ballots under a system of Robson rotation; for details, see the note to the 1979 House of Assembly election.

The Electoral Amendment Act of 1917 provided that '... casual vacancies be filled, not by a fresh poll of the electorate [by-election] but by a re-count [countback] of the ballot papers which elected the vacating member. Candidates at the preceding general election were required to apply to be considered candidates....', Hughes and Graham, 1890-1964, p. 590 (see 'Sources', below). For a brief summary of changes to the electoral system from 1909 to 1994, see Terry Newman, Representation of the Tasmanian People, Expanded edition 1803-1994, Appendix 2 (Hobart: Tasmanian Parliamentary Library, 1994, ISBN 0724642475).

Green Independents and Tasmanian Greens (Independents): At this election, 35 candidates ran under the party label of Green Independents in groups of 7 candidates in each of the five Assembly electoral districts. Five of these candidates were elected, one from each electoral district; L J E Armstrong, G M Bates, R J Brown, Dianne L Hollister, and Christine A Milne. These candidates had been elected at the previous Assembly election in 1989 as grouped Independents on a platform stressing similar concerns with environmental issues and parliamentary accountability. To assist with the comparative presentation of votes for environmental parties in Australia, the votes won by these candidates were assigned to 'Tasmanian Greens (Independents)' in this database for the 1989 and 1992 elections, even though this label was not used at the election and the Tasmanian Greens were not formally constituted as a party which contested Assembly elections until 1996. For more information, see the note on Tasmanian Greens (Independents) for the 1989 House of Assembly election.

Advance Tasmania Party: Thirteen candidates ran as groups in each of the five Assembly electoral districts under the umbrella of the Advance Tasmania Party (note 'Independents', below).

More Jobs Party: Two candidates ran as a party group with this party label

Independents: Changes to the Electoral Act in 1941 meant that candidates who ran for election without any stated party affiliation (Independents) could run with one or more other like-minded Independents as a 'group' on the ballot paper, or be listed with all other Independent candidates in that electoral district in an 'ungrouped' list; for details, see the note to the 1941 House of Assembly elections.

The vote shown for Independents in the table above is the vote gained by the combination of both sets of Independent candidates (note the exclusion of Tasmanian Greens (Independents); see note, above). No candidate ran as a member of a group of Independents at this election, other than those who ran under the umbrella of the Advance Tasmania Party, whose results have been shown separately in the table above. Fourteen 'ungrouped' Independent candidates gained 3,228 first preference votes; none of these candidates was elected.

References: For a survey of this election and its context, see Philip Dalwood, 'Tasmania', Australian Journal of Politics and History, Australian Political Chronicle, January-June 1992, 38 (3) December 1992: 453-460 at 453-454.


Information for this election was taken from 'House of Assembly Election Results, 1909-2006', Tasmanian Parliamentary Library, Tasmanian Parliament website: ; Scott Bennett and Barbara Bennett, Tasmanian Electoral Handbook, 1851-1982, (Kensington, NSW: Reference Section of History Project Incorporated, University of New South Wales, 1983); Colin A Hughes and B D Graham, A Handbook of Australian Government and Politics 1890-1964, (Canberra: Australian National University Press, 1968, SBN 708102700), Colin A Hughes, A Handbook of Australian Government and Politics 1985-1999, (Sydney: Federation Press, 2002, ISBN 1862873433); and note Report on Parliamentary Elections 1990 to 1994, (Hobart: Tasmanian Parliamentary Papers, 1990), online at: