ID 0436

Parliament of Tasmania, House of Assembly election

Election of 2 May 1964


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General election for the House of Assembly
Tasmania
Date of election (or first day of voting at elections held over more than one day)
2 May 1964

Government in office and parliamentary support before and after the election

Government in office at election

Premier in office at date of election. (check notes to see if change of Premier since previous election)
Premier's party affiliation
Australian Labor Party
House of Assembly support for government at election
Minority
If coalition, coalition partner(s)

Government in office after election

Premier in office after election.
Premier's party affiliation
Australian Labor Party
House of Assembly support for government after election
Majority
If coalition, coalition partner(s)

Enrolment and voting

Total number of voters on the roll
193,418
Number of Assembly seats
35
Number of uncontested seats
0
If uncontested seats, number of voters on the roll in uncontested seats
Number of voters on the roll in contested seats
193,418
Total ballots cast (may differ from number of votes in multiple voting systems)
184,571
Turnout (rate of voting in contested seats)
95.43%
Total valid votes
176,591
Rate of informal (invalid) voting
4.32%
Informal (invalid) ballots in multiple voting system
Not applicable
Electoral system
Adult franchise at 21 years; multimember districts; proportional representation by the single transferable vote method (STV); compulsory voting


Tasmania, House of Assembly votes and seats won

Display Chart

Election held on 2 May 1964
Criteria for the inclusion of parties in this table are set out in the Glossary under 'listed party'

* to view table drag left or right.
Party Name First preference vote n First preference vote share % Change from previous election % Seats won n Uncontested seats held n Seat share %
Australian Labor Party  90,631  51.32  +6.82  19  54.29 
Liberal Party  67,971  38.49  -2.57  16  45.71 
Country Party  9,280  5.26     
Independents  6,521  3.69  -6.73     
Democratic Labor Party  2,096  1.19  -2.73     
Communist Party  92  0.05  -0.04     
Votes for other than listed parties 0 0.00 0.00       
Totals 176,591  100.00    35  100.00 


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* Party did not contest previous election or did not meet criteria for listing, or contested previous election under a different party name.

Notes

Government in office at election: At the previous general election for the House of Assembly on 2 May 1959, the Australian Labor Party had won 17 of the 35 members in the enlarged House of Assembly; Reece was commissioned as Premier of an Australian Labor Party minority government supported by the Independent W G Wedd.

Government in office after election: The Australian Labor Party won 19 of the 35 House of Assembly members, and the Liberal Party 16. Reece was commissioned as Premier of an Australian Labor Party majority government.

Electoral system and voting: The Constitution Amendment Act 1906 '...reduced the number of Assembly districts to five, the boundaries of which were to be identical with the five Commonwealth electoral districts', Bennett and Bennett, p.12, (see 'Sources', below). The 1906 Act specified six members in each electoral district, but this was increased to seven from 1959, creating an Assembly of 35 members. The Electoral Act 1907 introduced proportional representation by the single transferable vote (STV) method to elect all members of the Assembly, a method which became known as the Hare-Clark system. For details of the adoption of STV and references on the operation of the electoral system, see the notes to the 1909 House of Assembly elections.

The Electoral Amendment Act of 1917 provided that '...casual vacancies be filled, not by a fresh poll of the electorate [by-election] but by a re-count [countback] of the ballot papers which elected the vacating member. Candidates at the preceding general election were required to apply to be considered candidates....', Hughes and Graham, 1890-1964, p. 590 (see 'Sources', below). For a brief summary of changes to the electoral system from 1909 to 1994, see Terry Newman, Representation of the Tasmanian People, Expanded edition 1803-1994, Appendix 2 (Hobart: Tasmanian Parliamentary Library, 1994, ISBN 0724642475).

Country Party: This was only the second election at which the Country Party had contested seats for the House of Assembly, the first being the Assembly election of 1922.

Independents: Changes to the Electoral Act in 1941 meant that candidates who ran for election without any stated party affiliation (Independents) could run with one or more other like-minded Independents as a 'group' on the ballot paper, or be listed with all other Independent candidates in that electoral district in an 'ungrouped' list; for details, see the note to the 1941 House of Assembly elections.

The vote shown for Independents in the table above is the vote gained by the combination of both sets of Independent candidates. Four candidates ran as members of two groups of Independents and gained 2,272 first preference votes, with none being elected. In addition, seven 'ungrouped' Independent candidates gained 4,882 first preference votes (see notes below), none of whom was elected.

Communist Party candidate: M A Bound ran as a candidate for the Communist Party, as he had done for the previous two Assembly elections, and his votes are shown in the table above as votes for the Communist Party; see Bennett and Bennett, p.221 (see 'Sources', below). The Tasmanian Parliament website (see 'References', below) includes the votes for Bound with other ungrouped Independents. The result of listing this candidate separately means that the figures for the number of Independent candidates and the number of first preference votes for Independents shown in the table above differs from those shown on the Tasmanian Parliamentary website for this election.

Independent Liberal and Independent Labor candidates: Three sitting members of the House of Assembly ran as Independent candidates at this election after disputes with the parties to which they had previously belonged. W C Hodgman and W Jackson who had been previously elected as Liberal Party candidates, ran as Independent Liberals, and C B Aylett who had been elected as an Australian Labor Party candidate in 1959, ran as an Independent Labor candidate; Bennett and Bennett, pp 221-222 (see 'Sources', below). None of these candidates was elected. The votes for these candidates are included under 'Independents' in the table above; they are included with 'ungrouped' Independents as 'Others' on the Tasmanian Parliament website record for the 1964 election (https://bit.ly/2vaxgfe

References: For a brief survey of this election and its context, see Myron L Tripp, 'Tasmania', Australian Journal of Politics and History, Australian Political Chronicle, January-May 1964, 10 (2) August 1964: 240-244; for a survey of Tasmanian politics in this period, see W A Townsley, Tasmania: Microcosm of the Federation or Vassal State, 1945-1983, particularly pp 188-189 (Hobart: St David's Park Publishing, 1994, ISBN 0724623450), and Richard Davis, Eighty Years' Labor: The ALP in Tasmania, 1903-1983, (Hobart: Sassafras Books and the History Department, University of Tasmania, 1983, ISBN 0859012212).

Sources

Information for this election was taken from 'House of Assembly Election Results, 1909-2006', Tasmanian Parliamentary Library, Tasmanian Parliament website: https://bit.ly/2uvczZ8 ; Scott Bennett and Barbara Bennett, Tasmanian Electoral Handbook, 1851-1982, (Kensington, NSW: Reference Section of History Project Incorporated, University of New South Wales, 1983); Colin A Hughes and B D Graham, A Handbook of Australian Government and Politics 1890-1964, (Canberra: Australian National University Press, 1968, SBN 708102700); and note Report on Parliamentary Elections, (Hobart: Tasmanian Parliamentary Papers, 1964), online at: https://bit.ly/2vaOBVa



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