ID 0429

Parliament of Tasmania, House of Assembly election

Election of 13 December 1941


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General election for the House of Assembly
Tasmania
Date of election (or first day of voting at elections held over more than one day)
13 December 1941

Government in office and parliamentary support before and after the election

Government in office at election

Premier in office at date of election. (check notes to see if change of Premier since previous election)
Premier's party affiliation
Australian Labor Party
House of Assembly support for government at election
Majority
If coalition, coalition partner(s)

Government in office after election

Premier in office after election.
Premier's party affiliation
Australian Labor Party
House of Assembly support for government after election
Majority
If coalition, coalition partner(s)

Enrolment and voting

Total number of voters on the roll
139,234
Number of Assembly seats
30
Number of uncontested seats
0
If uncontested seats, number of voters on the roll in uncontested seats
Number of voters on the roll in contested seats
139,234
Total ballots cast (may differ from number of votes in multiple voting systems)
127,034
Turnout (rate of voting in contested seats)
91.24%
Total valid votes
120,690
Rate of informal (invalid) voting
4.99%
Informal (invalid) ballots in multiple voting system
Not applicable
Electoral system
Universal suffrage at 21 years; multimember districts; proportional representation by the single transferable vote method (STV); compulsory voting


Tasmania, House of Assembly votes and seats won

Display Chart

Election held on 13 December 1941
Criteria for the inclusion of parties in this table are set out in the Glossary under 'listed party'

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Party Name First preference vote n First preference vote share % Change from previous election % Seats won n Uncontested seats held n Seat share %
Australian Labor Party  75,544  62.59  +3.92  20  66.67 
Nationalist Party (Nationalists)  44,150  36.58  -2.28  10  33.33 
Independents  996  0.83  -1.64     
Votes for other than listed parties 0 0.00 0.00       
Totals 120,690  100.00    30  100.00 


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Notes

Premier in office at election: There had been two changes of Premier since the previous general election for the House of Assembly in February 1937. Premier Ogilvie died in office on 10 June 1939, and Dwyer-Gray was commission as Premier on 11 June until the Labor caucus could meet and choose a new leader. 'Caucus met on 6 July and elected Dwyer-Gray leader on the understanding that he would retire at the end of the year; Cosgrove (who was elected deputy leader) and [Thomas] D'Alton did not offer for the leadership on this understanding', Hughes and Graham, p. 262, (see 'Sources', below). Dwyer-Gray resigned in December 1939 as leader of the Labor Party in accordance with his undertaking. Cosgrove was confirmed as leader by caucus and was commissioned as Premier of an Australian Labor Party majority government on 18 December 1939. For more information and references, see the entries for each Premier in the 'Periods in office' component of this website.

Government in office after election: At the general election held on 13 December 1941 (this election), the Cosgrove Labor government was returned with a record majority of seats and votes, winning 20 of the 30 seats (67 percent) and more than 62 percent of the first preference vote. Cosgrove continued as Premier of an Australian Labor Party majority government.

Electoral system and voting: The Constitution Amendment Act 1906 '...reduced the number of Assembly districts to five, the boundaries of which were to be identical with the five Commonwealth electoral districts. The Assembly was to number 30 members, with 6 elected from each district', Bennett and Bennett, p.12, (see 'Sources', below). The Electoral Act 1907 introduced proportional representation by the single transferable vote (STV) method to elect all members of the Assembly, a method which became known as the Hare-Clark system. For details of the adoption of STV and references on the operation of the electoral system, see the notes to the 1909 House of Assembly elections.

The Electoral Amendment Act of 1917 provided that '...casual vacancies be filled, not by a fresh poll of the electorate [by-election] but by a re-count [countback] of the ballot papers which elected the vacating member. Candidates at the preceding general election were required to apply to be considered candidates....', Hughes and Graham, 1890-1964, p. 590 (see 'Sources', below). For a brief summary of changes to the electoral system from 1909 to 1994, see Terry Newman, Representation of the Tasmanian People, Expanded edition 1803-1994, Appendix 2 (Hobart: Tasmanian Parliamentary Library, 1994, ISBN 0724642475).

Grouping of names on the ballot paper: The Electoral Amendment Act of 1941 '... provided for the grouping of names on Assembly ballot papers, with group positions chosen by lot and the alphabetical listing of names within each group. Groups were to be identified by letters A, B, C, and so on. Grouped candidates were to appear before ungrouped who were to be listed alphabetically in one column', Bennett and Bennett, p. 15, (see 'Sources', below).

Independents: The vote shown for Independents in the table above is the vote gained by two candidates who ran for election without any stated party affiliation, neither of whom was elected.

References: For a description of the style of elections and parliamentary government in this period, see W A Townsley, 'Electoral Systems and Constituencies', and John Reynolds, 'Premiers and Political Leaders', in F C Green (editor), Tasmania: A Century of Responsible Government 1856-1956, (Hobart: L G Shea, Government Printer, [1956]), W A Townsley, Tasmania From Colony to Statehood 1803-1945, particularly p. 435 (Hobart: St David's Park Publishing, 1991, ISBN 0724625753) and Richard Davis, Eighty Years' Labor: The ALP in Tasmania, 1903-1983, (Hobart: Sassafras Books and the History Department, University of Tasmania, 1983, ISBN 0859012212).

Sources

Information for this election was taken from 'House of Assembly Election Results, 1909-2006', Tasmanian Parliamentary Library, Tasmanian Parliament website: https://bit.ly/2uvczZ8 ; Scott Bennett and Barbara Bennett, Tasmanian Electoral Handbook, 1851-1982, (Kensington, NSW: Reference Section of History Project Incorporated, University of New South Wales, 1983); Colin A Hughes and B D Graham, A Handbook of Australian Government and Politics 1890-1964, (Canberra: Australian National University Press, 1968, SBN 708102700); and note Report on General Election, 13th December 1941, (Hobart: Tasmanian Parliamentary Papers, 1942), online at: https://bit.ly/2JAVToK



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