ID 0427

Parliament of Tasmania, House of Assembly election

Election of 9 June 1934


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General election for the House of Assembly
Tasmania
Date of election (or first day of voting at elections held over more than one day)
9 June 1934

Government in office and parliamentary support before and after the election

Government in office at election

Premier in office at date of election. (check notes to see if change of Premier since previous election)
Premier's party affiliation
Nationalist Party
House of Assembly support for government at election
Majority
If coalition, coalition partner(s)

Government in office after election

Premier's party affiliation
Australian Labor Party
House of Assembly support for government after election
Minority
If coalition, coalition partner(s)

Enrolment and voting

Total number of voters on the roll
127,681
Number of Assembly seats
30
Number of uncontested seats
0
If uncontested seats, number of voters on the roll in uncontested seats
Number of voters on the roll in contested seats
127,681
Total ballots cast (may differ from number of votes in multiple voting systems)
120,622
Turnout (rate of voting in contested seats)
94.47%
Total valid votes
116,767
Rate of informal (invalid) voting
3.2%
Informal (invalid) ballots in multiple voting system
Not applicable
Electoral system
Adult franchise at 21 years; multimember districts; proportional representation by the single transferable vote method (STV); compulsory voting


Tasmania, House of Assembly votes and seats won

Display Chart

Election held on 9 June 1934
Criteria for the inclusion of parties in this table are set out in the Glossary under 'listed party'

* to view table drag left or right.
Party Name First preference vote n First preference vote share % Change from previous election % Seats won n Uncontested seats held n Seat share %
Nationalist Party (Nationalists)  54,549  46.72  -9.68  13  43.33 
Australian Labor Party  53,454  45.78  +10.85  14  46.67 
Independents  6,859  5.87  -2.80  6.67 
Independent Labor   1,905  1.63  3.33 
Votes for other than listed parties 0 0.00 0.00       
Totals 116,767  100.00    30  100.00 


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* Party did not contest previous election or did not meet criteria for listing, or contested previous election under a different party name.

Notes

Premier in office at election: There had been a change of Premier since the previous general election for the House of Assembly in May 1931. 'On 14 March 1934 McPhee advised the Nationalist parliamentary party that he was retiring because of ill-health. Lee was again elected leader, and was duly commissioned and formed a ministry', Hughes and Graham, p. 261 (see 'Sources', below). Lee became Premier -- this was his third period in office as Premier -- of a Nationalist government which had won a large majority of seats at the previous general election. See the entries for each Premier in the 'Periods in office' component of this website.

Government in office after election: At the general election held in June 1934 (this election), the Nationalists lost their majority in the House of Assembly and Lee and his government resigned. Ogilvie became Premier of an Australian Labor Party minority government; the Australian Labor Party had won 14 of the 30 seats in the House of Assembly, and was supported by an Independent Labor member, G G Becker, and at least one of the Independent members, G S Carruthers, and B J Pearsall.

Electoral system and voting: The Constitution Amendment Act 1906 '...reduced the number of Assembly districts to five, the boundaries of which were to be identical with the five Commonwealth electoral districts. The Assembly was to number 30 members, with 6 elected from each district', Bennett and Bennett, p.12, (see 'Sources', below). The Electoral Act 1907 introduced proportional representation by the single transferable vote (STV) method to elect all members of the Assembly, a method which became known as the Hare-Clark system. For details of the adoption of STV and references on the operation of the electoral system, see the notes to the 1909 House of Assembly elections; for a brief summary of changes to the electoral system from 1909 to 1994, see Terry Newman, Representation of the Tasmanian People, Expanded edition 1803-1994, Appendix 2 (Hobart: Tasmanian Parliamentary Library, 1994, ISBN 0724642475).

The Electoral Amendment Act of 1917 provided that '...casual vacancies be filled, not by a fresh poll of the electorate [by-election] but by a re-count of the ballot papers which elected the vacating member. Candidates at the preceding general election were required to apply to be considered candidates....', Hughes and Graham, 1890-1964, p. 590 (see 'Sources', below).

Independent Labor Party: Two candidates contested the election as Independent Labor candidates, one of whom, G G Becker, was elected. Both Townsley and Hughes and Graham imply that Becker ran under the banner of the Federal Labor Party; Townsley pp 349-350 (see 'References, below), and Hughes and Graham pp 604-605 (see 'Sources', below).

Independents: The vote shown for Independents in the table above is the vote gained by eight candidates who ran for election without any stated party affiliation, two of whom, G S Carruthers, and B J Pearsall, were elected. Townsley states that Carruthers ran on a Social Credit platform; Townsely, p. 350 (see 'References', below).

References: For a description of the style of elections and parliamentary government in this period, see W A Townsley, 'Electoral Systems and Constituencies', and John Reynolds, 'Premiers and Political Leaders', in F C Green (editor), Tasmania: A Century of Responsible Government 1856-1956, (Hobart: L G Shea, Government Printer, [1956]), W A Townsley, Tasmania From Colony to Statehood 1803-1945, particularly pp 349-350 (Hobart: St David's Park Publishing, 1991, ISBN 0724625753), and Richard Davis, Eighty Years' Labor: The ALP in Tasmania, 1903-1983, (Hobart: Sassafras Books and the History Department, University of Tasmania, 1983, ISBN 0859012212).

Sources

Information for this election was taken from 'House of Assembly Election Results, 1909-2006', Tasmanian Parliamentary Library, Tasmanian Parliament website: https://bit.ly/2uvczZ8 ; Scott Bennett and Barbara Bennett, Tasmanian Electoral Handbook, 1851-1982, (Kensington, NSW: Reference Section of History Project Incorporated, University of New South Wales, 1983); Colin A Hughes and B D Graham, A Handbook of Australian Government and Politics 1890-1964, (Canberra: Australian National University Press, 1968, SBN 708102700); and note Report on General Election, 9th June, 1934, (Hobart: Tasmanian Parliamentary Papers, 1931), online at: https://bit.ly/2Jzdei6



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