ID 0423

Parliament of Tasmania, House of Assembly election

Election of 10 June 1922


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General election for the House of Assembly
Tasmania
Date of election (or first day of voting at elections held over more than one day)
10 June 1922

Government in office and parliamentary support before and after the election

Government in office at election

Premier in office at date of election. (check notes to see if change of Premier since previous election)
Premier's party affiliation
Nationalist Party
House of Assembly support for government at election
Majority
If coalition, coalition partner(s)

Government in office after election

Premier in office after election.
Premier's party affiliation
Nationalist Party
House of Assembly support for government after election
Minority (see note)
If coalition, coalition partner(s)

Enrolment and voting

Total number of voters on the roll
110,549
Number of Assembly seats
30
Number of uncontested seats
0
If uncontested seats, number of voters on the roll in uncontested seats
Number of voters on the roll in contested seats
110,549
Total ballots cast (may differ from number of votes in multiple voting systems)
69,752
Turnout (rate of voting in contested seats)
63.10%
Total valid votes
67,918
Rate of informal (invalid) voting
2.63%
Informal (invalid) ballots in multiple voting system
Not applicable
Electoral system
Universal suffrage at 21 years; multimember districts; proportional representation by the single transferable vote method (STV)


Tasmania, House of Assembly votes and seats won

Display Chart

Election held on 10 June 1922
Criteria for the inclusion of parties in this table are set out in the Glossary under 'listed party'

* to view table drag left or right.
Party Name First preference vote n First preference vote share % Change from previous election % Seats won n Uncontested seats held n Seat share %
Nationalist Party (Nationalists)  27,458  40.43  -14.77  12  40.00 
Australian Labor Party  24,956  36.74  -4.70  12  40.00 
Country Party  9,498  13.98  16.67 
Independents  5,117  7.53  +4.18  3.33 
Independent Labor   889  1.31     
Votes for other than listed parties 0 0.00 0.00       
Totals 67,918  100.00    30  100.00 


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* Party did not contest previous election or did not meet criteria for listing, or contested previous election under a different party name.

Notes

Premier in office at election: At the previous general election for the House of Assembly in 1919, Lee had been confirmed in office and became Premier of a Nationalist Party majority government.

Government and premier in office after election: At the House of Assembly general election in June 1922 (this election), the anti-Labor forces were split between the Nationalist Party and a newly formed Country Party, leaving Premier Lee in office but with only Nationalist Party minority support in the Assembly. Lee was instructed by the members of the Nationalist parliamentary party to seek an arrangement with the Country Party members to support a coalition government. Lee was unsuccessful and resigned the leadership of the Nationalist Party over the issue of the involvement of the Country Party in the choice of a joint party leader. He was replaced by Hayes who was chosen by a joint meeting of both parliamentary parties. Hayes was then commissioned as the Premier of a Nationalist Party and Country Party coalition government on 12 August 1922; for more information of this transition, see Hughes and Graham, p. 258, (see 'Sources', below).

Women able to be elected to the House of Assembly: The Constitution Act 1921, '... gave women the right to sit in Parliament', Bennett and Bennett (see 'Sources', below). Universal franchise for House of Assembly elections (but not for elections to the Legislative Council) had been previously introduced by the Constitution Amendment Act of 1903; for details of the franchise and qualifications for candidates, see the notes to the 1903 House of Assembly elections. For previous franchise arrangements, see the notes to House of Assembly elections before 1903.

Electoral system and voting: The Constitution Amendment Act 1906 '...reduced the number of Assembly districts to five, the boundaries of which were to be identical with the five Commonwealth electoral districts. The Assembly was to number 30 members, with 6 elected from each district', Bennett and Bennett, p.12, (see 'Sources', below). The Electoral Act 1907 introduced proportional representation by the single transferable vote (STV) method to elect all members of the Assembly, a method which became known as the Hare-Clark system. For details of the adoption of STV and references on the operation of the electoral system, see the notes to the 1909 House of Assembly elections; for a brief summary of changes to the electoral system from 1909 to 1994, see Terry Newman, Representation of the Tasmanian People, Expanded edition 1803-1994, Appendix 2 (Hobart: Tasmanian Parliamentary Library, 1994, ISBN 0724642475).

The Electoral Amendment Act of 1917 provided that '...casual vacancies be filled, not by a fresh poll of the electorate [by-election] but by a re-count of the ballot papers which elected the vacating member. Candidates at the preceding general election were required to apply to be considered candidates....', Hughes and Graham, 1890-1964, p. 590 (see 'Sources', below).

Country Party: The Nationalist Party (Nationalists) established in Tasmania in September 1917, was a coalition of interests supporting conscription which brought together members of the Liberal Party, members defecting from the Labor Party, and the nationalist organization, the National Association. By 1922, tensions within the Nationalist Party had led to the formation of a Country Party. 'Three rural groups (the Tasmanian Farmers, Stockholders and Orchardists Association. the Primary Producers Association and the Port Huon Cooperative Company) combined to run Country Party candidates. An agreement was reached whereby Nationalist and Country Party candidates undertook to exchange preferences', Hughes and Graham, p. 602 (see 'Sources', below).

Independents: The vote shown for Independents in the table above is the vote gained by eleven candidates who ran for election without any stated party affiliation, one of whom, J A Jensen, was elected.

References: For a description of the style of elections and parliamentary government in this period, see W A Townsley, 'Electoral Systems and Constituencies', and John Reynolds, 'Premiers and Political Leaders', in F C Green (editor), Tasmania: A Century of Responsible Government 1856-1956, (Hobart: L G Shea, Government Printer, [1956]), W A Townsley, Tasmania From Colony to Statehood 1803-1945, (Hobart: St David's Park Publishing, 1991, ISBN 0724625753), and note Richard Davis, Eighty Years' Labor: The ALP in Tasmania, 1903-1983, (Hobart: Sassafras Books and the History Department, University of Tasmania, 1983, ISBN 0859012212).

Sources

Information for this election was taken from 'House of Assembly Election Results, 1909-2006', Tasmanian Parliamentary Library, Tasmanian Parliament website: https://bit.ly/2uvczZ8 ; Scott Bennett and Barbara Bennett, Tasmanian Electoral Handbook, 1851-1982, (Kensington, NSW: Reference Section of History Project Incorporated, University of New South Wales, 1983); Colin A Hughes and B D Graham, A Handbook of Australian Government and Politics 1890-1964, (Canberra: Australian National University Press, 1968, SBN 708102700); and note Report on General Election, 10 June 1922, (Hobart: Tasmanian Parliamentary Papers, 1923), online at: https://bit.ly/2JAMYnh



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