ID 0420

Parliament of Tasmania, House of Assembly election

Election of 23 January 1913


Show only vote and seat summary details

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General election for the House of Assembly
Tasmania
Date of election (or first day of voting at elections held over more than one day)
23 January 1913

Government in office and parliamentary support before and after the election

Government in office at election

Premier in office at date of election. (check notes to see if change of Premier since previous election)
Premier's party affiliation
Liberal Party
House of Assembly support for government at election
Majority
If coalition, coalition partner(s)

Government in office after election

Premier's party affiliation
Liberal Party
House of Assembly support for government after election
Majority
If coalition, coalition partner(s)

Enrolment and voting

Total number of voters on the roll
105,292
Number of Assembly seats
30
Number of uncontested seats
0
If uncontested seats, number of voters on the roll in uncontested seats
Number of voters on the roll in contested seats
105,292
Total ballots cast (may differ from number of votes in multiple voting systems)
70,802
Turnout (rate of voting in contested seats)
67.24%
Total valid votes
68,767
Rate of informal (invalid) voting
2.87%
Informal (invalid) ballots in multiple voting system
Not applicable
Electoral system
Adult franchise at 21 years; multimember districts; proportional representation by the single transferable vote method (STV)


Tasmania, House of Assembly votes and seats won

Display Chart

Election held on 23 January 1913
Criteria for the inclusion of parties in this table are set out in the Glossary under 'listed party'

* to view table drag left or right.
Party Name First preference vote n First preference vote share % Change from previous election % Seats won n Uncontested seats held n Seat share %
Liberal Party  36,157  52.58  +1.05  16  53.33 
Australian Labor Party  31,633  46.00  +0.48  14  46.67 
Independents  977  1.42  -1.53     
Votes for other than listed parties 0 0.00 0.00       
Totals 68,767  100.00    30  100.00 


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Notes

Premier in office at election: There had been a change of Premier since the general election in 1912. 'Following the April 1912 election a number of Liberal members stated at their party meeting on 5 June that whilst they would continue to support Lewis they would not fight another election with him as leader. Lewis at once resigned and the meeting elected Solomon over [N K] Ewing', Hughes and Graham, p. 257 (see 'Sources', below). Solomon was then commissioned as Premier of a Liberal Party majority government. For summary details of these changes of Premier, see the entries for each Premier in the 'Periods in office' component of this website.

'On 18 December 1912, when a government back-bencher [Cameron] agreed to support Labor in a vote of no confidence, the Speaker threatened to resign and the motion was not pursued. However, Solomon obtained a dissolution', Hughes and Graham, p. 600, (see 'Sources', below).

Government in office after election: At the general election for the House of Assembly held on 23 January 1913 (this election) the Liberal Party won 16 of the 30 seats in the House of Assembly, and Solomon was recommissioned as Premier of a Liberal Party majority government.

Franchise: The Constitution Act Amendment Act of 1903 introduced universal franchise for House of Assembly elections (but not for the Legislative Council); although all women over 21 could vote under the same conditions as men, women could not stand as candidates; for details of the franchise and qualifications for candidates, see the notes to the 1903 House of Assembly elections. For previous franchise arrangements, see the notes to House of Assembly elections before 1903.

Electoral system and voting: The Constitution Amendment Act 1906 '...reduced the number of Assembly districts to five, the boundaries of which were to be identical with the five Commonwealth electoral districts. The Assembly was to number 30 members, with 6 elected from each district', Bennett and Bennett, p.12, (see 'Sources', below). The Electoral Act 1907 introduced proportional representation by the single transferable vote (STV) method to elect all members of the Assembly, a method which became known as the Hare-Clark system. For details of the adoption of STV and references on the operation of the electoral system, see the notes to the 1909 House of Assembly elections; for a brief summary of changes to the electoral system from 1909 to 1994, see Terry Newman, Representation of the Tasmanian People, Expanded edition 1803-1994, Appendix 2 (Hobart: Tasmanian Parliamentary Library, 1994, ISBN 0724642475).

Emergence of political parties During the 1890s, the factional politics of previous years began to give way to political groupings and electoral organizations which foreshadowed the emergence of modern political parties. For studies of the emergence of political parties in Tasmania, see Patrick Weller, 'Tasmania' in P Loveday, A W Martin and R S Parker (editors), The Emergence of the Australian Party System, pp 355-382 (Sydney: Hale & Iremonger, 1977, ISBN 0908094035), and R P Davis, 'Tasmania', in D J Murphy (editor), Labor in Politics: The State Labor Parties in Australia 1880-1920, pp 389-445, (St Lucia, Qld: University of Queensland Press, 1975, ISBN 0702209392), and Richard Davis, Eighty Years' Labor: The ALP in Tasmania, 1903-1983, (Hobart: Sassafras Books and the History Department, University of Tasmania, 1983, ISBN 0859012212).

Independent: The vote shown for Independents in the table above is the vote gained by a single candidate who ran for election without any stated party affiliation.

References: For a description of the style of elections and parliamentary government in this period, see W A Townsley, 'Electoral Systems and Constituencies', and John Reynolds, 'Premiers and Political Leaders', in F C Green (editor), Tasmania: A Century of Responsible Government 1856-1956, (Hobart: L G Shea, Government Printer, [1956]), and W A Townsley, Tasmania From Colony to Statehood 1803-1945, (Hobart: St David's Park Publishing, 1991, ISBN 0724625753).

Sources

Information for this election was taken from 'House of Assembly Election Results, 1909-2006', Tasmanian Parliamentary Library, Tasmanian Parliament website: https://bit.ly/2uvczZ8 ; Scott Bennett and Barbara Bennett, Tasmanian Electoral Handbook, 1851-1982, (Kensington, NSW: Reference Section of History Project Incorporated, University of New South Wales, 1983); Colin A Hughes and B D Graham, A Handbook of Australian Government and Politics 1890-1964, (Canberra: Australian National University Press, 1968, SBN 708102700); and note Report on General Election, 23 January 1913, (Hobart: Tasmanian Parliamentary Papers, 1913), online at: https://bit.ly/2Lvlbqg



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