ID 0316

Parliament of New South Wales, Legislative Assembly election

Election of 27 May 1944


Show only vote and seat summary details

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General election for the Legislative Assembly
New South Wales
Date of election (or first day of voting at elections held over more than one day)
27 May 1944

Government in office and parliamentary support before and after the election

Government in office at election

Premier in office at date of election. (check notes to see if change of Premier since previous election)
Premier's party affiliation
Australian Labor Party
Legislative Assembly support for government at election
Majority
If coalition, coalition partner(s)

Government in office after election

Premier in office after election.
Premier's party affiliation
Australian Labor Party
Legislative Assembly support for government after election
Majority
If coalition, coalition partner(s)

Enrolment and voting

Total number of voters on the roll
1,732,706
Number of Assembly seats
90
Number of uncontested seats
16
If uncontested seats, number of voters on the roll in uncontested seats
299,540
Number of voters on the roll in contested seats
1,433,166
Total ballots cast (may differ from number of votes in multiple voting systems)
1,310,270
Turnout (rate of voting in contested seats)
91.42%
Total valid votes
1,266,941
Rate of informal (invalid) voting
3.31%
Informal (invalid) ballots in multiple voting system
Not applicable
Electoral system
Universal franchise at 21 years; single member districts; preferential voting (AV); compulsory preferences; compulsory voting


New South Wales, Legislative Assembly votes and seats won

Display Chart

Election held on 27 May 1944
Criteria for the inclusion of parties in this table are set out in the Glossary under 'listed party'

* to view table drag left or right.
Party Name First preference vote n First preference vote share % Change from previous election % Seats won n Uncontested seats held n Seat share %
Australian Labor Party  578,069  45.63  -5.17  56  13  62.22 
Democratic Party  239,610  18.91  12  13.33 
Country Party  138,620  10.94  -0.11  11  12.22 
Lang Labor Party  112,705  8.90  2.22 
Independents  99,254  7.83  +1.84  8.89 
Liberal Democrat Party  49,325  3.89     
Communist Party  21,982  1.74     
Independent Labor  20,441  1.61  -0.66     
National Liberal  5,622  0.44  1.11 
Votes for other than listed parties 1,313 0.10 -0.60       
Totals 1,266,941  100.00    90  16  100.00 


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* Party did not contest previous election or did not meet criteria for listing, or contested previous election under a different party name.

Notes

United Australia Party, and Democratic Party: Electoral defeat and internal divisions in the state and federal wings of the United Australia Party led to its collapse after the 1943 federal election and some sections of the party reconstituted themselves as the Democratic Party; see Cunneen, '1944', pp. 203-204, 211-215 (see 'Reference', below).

Country Party: The Country Party's official name at this election was 'United Country Party' although it campaigned under the label 'Country Party'; see Cunneen, '1944', pp. 204, 215-216, 232 (see 'Reference', below), and note Don Aitkin, The Country Party of New South Wales: A Study of Organisation and Survival, (Canberra: Australian National University Press, 1972, ISBN 0708100333).

Lang Labor Party: Former Labor premier Lang was expelled from the Australian Labor Party in 1943 and '...set about organising a rival party, which was publicly announced in January 1944. Confusingly, he called the new organisation the Australian Labor Party, (qualified in advertisements by the words 'With J.T.Lang, Party Leader'); it was usually referred to as Lang Labor', Cunneen, '1944', p. 209 (see 'Reference', below).

Independents: For information on Independent candidates at this election, see Cunneen, '1944', pp. 216-217, 220 (see 'Reference', below).

Liberal Democratic Party: As part of the realignment of anti-Labor politics in New South Wales '...a group of disaffected conservatives led by a wealthy timber merchant, Captain Ernest Keith (later Sir Ernest) White, formed the Liberal Democratic Party LDP)'; see Cunneen, '1944', pp. 212-213 (see 'Reference', below).

National Liberal: A former United Australia Party MLA stood as a National Liberal; see Cunneen, '1944', p. 214 (see 'Reference', below).

Reference: For a comprehensive survey of this election and the preceding period, see Christopher Cunneen, '1944', in Michael Hogan and David Clune (editors), The People's Choice: Electoral Politics in 20th Century New South Wales, vol. 2 (1930 to 1965), pp. 203-233, (Sydney: Parliament of New South Wales and University of Sydney, 2001, ISBN 0909907404).

Sources

Colin A Hughes and B D Graham, A Handbook of Australian Government and Politics 1890-1964, pp. 423-460, (Canberra: Australian National University Press, 1968, SBN 708102700); New South Wales, Parliament, The New South Wales Parliamentary Record: Legislative Council and Legislative Assembly, 1824-1999, vol. VI, pp. 7-15, (Sydney: Parliament of New South Wales, 1999).



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