ID 0314

Parliament of New South Wales, Legislative Assembly election

Election of 26 March 1938


Show only vote and seat summary details

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General election for the Legislative Assembly
New South Wales
Date of election (or first day of voting at elections held over more than one day)
26 March 1938

Government in office and parliamentary support before and after the election

Government in office at election

Premier in office at date of election. (check notes to see if change of Premier since previous election)
Premier's party affiliation
United Australia Party
Legislative Assembly support for government at election
Coalition
If coalition, coalition partner(s)
Country Party

Government in office after election

Premier's party affiliation
United Australia Party
Legislative Assembly support for government after election
Coalition
If coalition, coalition partner(s)
Country Party

Enrolment and voting

Total number of voters on the roll
1,607,833
Number of Assembly seats
90
Number of uncontested seats
19
If uncontested seats, number of voters on the roll in uncontested seats
338,853
Number of voters on the roll in contested seats
1,268,980
Total ballots cast (may differ from number of votes in multiple voting systems)
1,215,494
Turnout (rate of voting in contested seats)
95.79%
Total valid votes
1,183,257
Rate of informal (invalid) voting
2.65%
Informal (invalid) ballots in multiple voting system
Not applicable
Electoral system
Universal franchise at 21 years; single member districts; preferential voting (AV); compulsory preferences; compulsory voting


New South Wales, Legislative Assembly votes and seats won

Display Chart

Election held on 26 March 1938
Criteria for the inclusion of parties in this table are set out in the Glossary under 'listed party'

* to view table drag left or right.
Party Name First preference vote n First preference vote share % Change from previous election % Seats won n Uncontested seats held n Seat share %
United Australia Party  424,275  35.86  +2.76  37  41.11 
Australian Labor Party  410,747  34.71  28  10  31.11 
Country Party  164,045  13.86  +0.95  22  24.44 
Independents  130,069  10.99  +6.55  1.11 
Industrial (Heffron) Labor Party  43,735  3.70  2.22 
Communist Party  10,386  0.88  -0.59     
Votes for other than listed parties 0 0.00 -0.60       
Totals 1,183,257  100.00    90  19  100.00 


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* Party did not contest previous election or did not meet criteria for listing, or contested previous election under a different party name.

Notes

Australian Labor Party and State Labor Party: This election for the Legislative Assembly saw the reappearance of the Australian Labor Party as a party label in New South Wales state elections after being absent from the 1932 and 1935 Assembly elections. The split in the party which had prompted the creation of the competing State Labor Party and the Federal Labor Party was healed in 1936 (see note, below). For details of the split, see the notes for the 1932 Legislative Assembly elections.

Australian Labor Party and Industrial Labor Party: Former premier and leader of the State Labor Party, Lang, was accepted back into the Australian Labor Party early in 1936, ending the split between State Labor and Federal Labor which had divided Labor support at the New South Wales general elections of 1932 and 1935. Although Lang campaigned at the 1938 election as leader of the Australian Labor Party in New South Wales, tensions remained both within the state branch, and between the state and federal wings of the party. The New South Wales Labor Council was hostile to Lang and supported candidates for an Industrial Labor Party led by R J Heffron at the election; see McCarthy, '1938', pp. 153-156 (see 'Reference', below).

Country Party: The Country Party's official name at this election was 'United Country Party' although it campaigned under the label 'Country Party'.

Independents: At almost 11 percent, the vote for Independents at this election was more than double that of 1935; 'In the local communities there was clearly considerable dissatisfaction with the three major parties', McCarthy, '1938', p. 165 (see 'Reference, below).

Reference: For a comprehensive survey of this election and the preceding period, see John McCarthy, '1938', in Michael Hogan and David Clune (editors), The People's Choice: Electoral Politics in 20th Century New South Wales, vol. 2 (1930 to 1965), pp. 139-166, (Sydney: Parliament of New South Wales and University of Sydney, 2001, ISBN 0909907404).

Sources

Colin A Hughes and B D Graham, A Handbook of Australian Government and Politics 1890-1964, pp. 423-460, (Canberra: Australian National University Press, 1968, SBN 708102700); New South Wales, Parliament, The New South Wales Parliamentary Record: Legislative Council and Legislative Assembly, 1824-1999, vol. VI, pp. 7-15, (Sydney: Parliament of New South Wales, 1999).



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