Election held on 17 June 1891
Criteria for the inclusion of parties in this table are set out in the Glossary under 'listed party'
|Party Name||First preference vote n||First preference vote share %||Change from previous election %||Seats won n||Uncontested seats held n||Seat share %|
|Free Trade Party||172,363||40.74||-8.32||47||1||33.33|
|Australian Labor Party||92,653||21.90||*||36||1||25.53|
|Votes for other than listed parties||0||0.00||0.00|
* Party did not contest previous election or did not meet criteria for listing, or contested previous election under a different party name.
Election dates and electoral districts: Elections were held over the period from 17 June to 3 July 1891; there were 35 single member electoral districts, 20 two-member electoral districts, 10 three-member electoral districts, and 9 four-member electoral districts.
Premier in office at election: Parkes was premier of a Free Trade ministry. 'On 28 May 1891 a motion of no confidence moved by Dibbs [the leader of the opposition Protectionist Party] was defeated on the Speaker's casting vote, and Parkes secured a dissolution', Hughes and Graham, p. 428 (reference in Sources, below); for details and references, see the entries for these premiers in the 'Governments' section of this website.
Parties: Parkes won the election as leader of the Free Trade Party, supported by ministerialists. For a description and analysis of the style of parliamentary government in this period and the emergence of political parties, see P. Loveday, A W Martin and Patrick Weller, 'New South Wales', in P Loveday, A W Martin and R S Parker, (editors), The Emergence of the Australian Party System, pp. 172-248, (Sydney: Hale and Iremonger, 1977 ISBN 0908094035). 'This was the first election at which Labor candidates stood. A Labor Electoral League had been formed in 1891 and formed branches throughout the colony', Hughes and Graham, p. 428 (reference in Sources, below).
Plural Voting: This was the last election with plural voting in New South Wales. All adult males could vote in the electoral district in which they were resident; plural voting permitted an elector to have a vote in any other electoral district in which he owned property of more than a set value; see Hughes and Graham, pp. 423, 429, (reference in Sources, below).
Ballots and votes: Voters at this election who voted in multimember electoral districts had a vote for each member to be elected. This means that the number of votes was many more than the number of ballots cast.
Colin A Hughes and B D Graham, A Handbook of Australian Government and Politics 1890-1964, pp. 423-460, (Canberra: Australian National University Press, 1968, SBN 708102700); New South Wales, Parliament, The New South Wales Parliamentary Record: Legislative Council and Legislative Assembly, 1824-1999, vol. VI, pp. 7-15, (Sydney: Parliament of New South Wales, 1999).