ID 1660

Parliament of South Australia, House of Assembly election

Election of 10 February 1875


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General election for the House of Assembly
South Australia
Date of election (or first day of voting at elections held over more than one day)
10 February 1875

Government in office and parliamentary support before and after the election

Government in office at election

Premier in office at date of election. (check notes to see if change of Premier since previous election)
Premier's party affiliation
Support from parliamentary factions and independents
House of Assembly support for government at election
Minority
If coalition, coalition partner(s)

Government in office after election

Premier in office after election.
Premier's party affiliation
Support from parliamentary factions and independents
House of Assembly support for government after election
Minority
If coalition, coalition partner(s)

Enrolment and voting

Total number of voters on the roll
35,035
Number of Assembly seats
46
Number of uncontested seats
6
If uncontested seats, number of voters on the roll in uncontested seats
4,094
Number of voters on the roll in contested seats
30,941
Total ballots cast (may differ from number of votes in multiple voting systems)
17,625
Turnout (rate of voting in contested seats)
56.96%
Total valid votes
31,386
Rate of informal (invalid) voting
Not applicable
Informal (invalid) ballots in multiple voting system
680
Electoral system
Male franchise at 21 years, one single member and 21 multimember districts, first past the post (plurality) voting (see notes)


South Australia, House of Assembly votes and seats won

Display Chart

Election held on 10 February 1875
Criteria for the inclusion of parties in this table are set out in the Glossary under 'listed party'

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Party Name First preference vote n First preference vote share % Change from previous election % Seats won n Uncontested seats held n Seat share %
Independents (no disciplined party groupings)  31,386  100.00  0.00  46  100.00 
Votes for other than listed parties 0 0.00 0.00       
Totals 31,386  100.00    46  100.00 


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Notes

Election dates: Elections were held on 10, 11, 12 and 22 February and 1 March 1875.

Premier in office at election: There had been a restructuring of the ministry and a change of Premier since Ayers had been commissioned to form a government on 22 January 1872. Ayers had formed a government following the defeat of the Blyth government on the first sitting day of Parliament after the previous Assembly election in December 1871 (see Combe 2009, pp 103-104 in 'Sources', below).

The Ayers government resigned a little over a month later on 4 March 1872 after the Assembly passed 'a vote of dissatisfaction' against two ministers in the Ayers government, but '... the Governor asked Ayers to form another Ministry. Ayers complied and his new administration contained none of his colleagues in the previous Cabinet.' Combe 2009, p.104 in 'Sources', below.

In July 1873, a member of the Ayers government resigned over proposed government policy on immigration and attracting labour to South Australia. At the same time, the Treasurer and leader of the government in the Assembly was in 'a precarious state of health'. As Premier Ayers was a member of the Legislative Council, he needed an experienced member of the Assembly to lead government business in that chamber; no member of the Assembly was available to serve Ayers in this capacity and he tendered his resignation (see Combe 2009, p.107 in 'Sources', below). On 22 July 1873, Blyth was commissioned to form a government.

In spite of several attempts in the Assembly to pass no confidence motions in the ministry, the Blyth remained in office and led the government at the Assembly election called for February 1875 (this election).

Premier in office after election: The Blyth government continued in office after the February 1875 general election for the Assembly even though it was to fall in the third week of the following parliamentary session in June 1875. The fall of the government can be seen more as a result of Blyth's attempt to restructure his ministry than as a direct outcome of the election (see Combe 2009, p.109 in 'Sources', below). A more detailed picture is provided by Hirst who sees the popularity of an extensive plan of government railway building and harbour construction championed by Boucaut at the election as undermining the popularity of the Blyth government and the subsequent commissioning of Boucaut as Premier on 3 June 1875 (see Hirst, p.67 in 'References', below).

Electoral system and voting: For background to the franchise and the qualification of members for this election in 1875, see the note to the 1860 Assembly election. Other electoral rules for the 1875 election were set out in the Electoral Act of 1861 which kept the bulk of the electoral administration specified in the previous Electoral Act of 1857-8 (including provision for the secret ballot in section 49). But there had been a change to the number of members to be elected to the Assembly and the electoral districts from which they were chosen.

The growth in the population of South Australia had led to a proposal in 1869 to increase the membership of the Assembly. After referral to a select committee and extended discussion in both the Assembly and the Legislative Council, the Electoral Districts Act was eventually passed in 1872 (see 'Sources', below). It increased the size of the Assembly from 36 to 46 members to be elected from 22 districts; one single member district (North Adelaide), 18 two member districts, and 3 three member districts; this required extensive changes to electoral district boundaries.

Voters in multimember districts could choose to 'plump' by voting for only one candidate. Jaensch (see 'Sources', below) provides details for the number of plumped ballots at South Australian Assembly elections where figures are available.

Election results and sources: The election figures in the tables above were calculated from the individual electoral district results for the 1875 Assembly election compiled by Jaensch from results published in newspapers (see Jaensch in ‘Sources’ below).

In this Assembly election (1875), 78 candidates sought election to the Assembly's 46 seats. Three of the 22 electoral districts were uncontested; as the 3 districts each returned 2 members, this resulted in 6 candidates being elected unopposed. There is some ambiguity in the number of valid ballots cast in one electoral district (Light); as a consequence, the results for the number of informal (invalid) ballots shown in the 'Enrolment and Voting' table above may be understated.

There were no disciplined political parties at this election. Once elected, '... each member of parliament was free to offer his support and make alliances in the ways best suited to serve his constituents, the welfare of the whole colony, or his own interest and ambition. Members did not divide on clear grounds of policy or principle.' Hirst, p.67 in 'References', below. The resulting pattern of shifting individual and factional alliance in the Assembly characterised South Australian politics until the 1880s. For a discussion of the nature and consequences of the absence of parties during this period, see Howell, pp 122-123, and Jaensch, 'South Australia', pp 249-251, both in 'References.

References: The nature of politics in South Australia during the period up to 1890 is covered by P A Howell, 'Constitutional and Political Development, 1857-1890', in Dean Jaensch (editor), The Flinders History of South Australia: Political History, ch. 5, (Netley, SA: Wakefield Press, 1986, ISBN 0949268518). A study of South Australian society and politics from 1870 to 1890 can be found in the first 3 chapters of J B Hirst, Adelaide and the Country 1870-1917: Their Social and Political Relationship, (Carlton, Vic.: Melbourne University Press, 1973, ISBN 0522840450). Note also Dean Jaensch, 'South Australia', in P Loveday, A W Martin, & R S Parker, (editors), The Emergence of the Australian Party System, ch. 5, (Sydney: Hale & Iremonger, 1977, ISBN 0908094035).

A survey of government in South Australia from 1836 to 1957 is provided in Combe 2009 (see, 'Sources', below).

Sources

Dean Jaensch, History of South Australian Elections 1857-2006, Volume 1: House of Assembly, (Rose Park, South Australia: State Electoral Office, 2007, ISBN 9780975048634). Note that some of the figures calculated by adding the results from individual electoral districts listed for each Assembly election (those used in the tables above) may differ from the summary figures provided in Jaensch's table, 'House of Assembly: Enrolment and Turnout', in Appendix 1, p.358.

Gordon D Combe, Responsible Government in South Australia, (Adelaide: Government Printer, 1957); reprinted [with changed pagination] as Gordon D Combe, Responsible Government in South Australia, Volume 1, From Foundations to Playford, (Kent Town, South Australia: Wakefield Press, 2009, ISBN 9781862548435); also available online through Google Books, here. Page references in the text above are to the 2009 edition.

SA Electoral Districts Act (No 27 of 1872), online here [accessed 13 December 2018].



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