ID 1633

Commonwealth Parliament, Senate election

Election of 2 July 2016

Show only vote and seat summary details

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General election for the Senate
Commonwealth of Australia
Date of election
2 July 2016
Type of Senate election
Double Dissolution of Senate and House of Representatives

Government in office at Senate election

Prime Minister in office at date of Senate election. (check notes to Senate national summary table to see if change of Prime Minister since previous election)
Prime Minister's party affiliation
Liberal Party
Government majority in Senate at date of election
Change of government
Government majority in new Senate
If coalition, coalition partner(s)
National Party
Liberal National Party (Qld)
Country Liberal Party (NT)

Senate enrolment and voting

Total number of voters on the roll
Total ballots cast (may differ from number of votes in multiple voting systems)
Turnout (rate of voting in contested seats)
Total valid votes
Rate of informal (invalid) voting

Electoral composition of the Senate for this election

Total number of seats in the Senate
Total number of seats for each state
Number of seats for each territory
Seats to be filled at this Senate election
Casual vacancies/additional seats included in seats to be filled
Electoral System
Adult franchise at 18 years (from 1974); multimember districts; proportional representation by the single transferable vote method (STV); minimum number of preferences required; above the line (group ticket) voting permitted; compulsory voting (see notes for 2016 changes)

Senate votes and seats won, and seats held, national summary

Display Chart

Election held on 2 July 2016
Criteria for the inclusion of parties in this table are set out in the Glossary under 'listed party'

* to view table drag left or right.
Party Name First preference vote n First preference vote share % Change from previous election % Seats won by ticket n Seats won by ticket % Seats won by party n Seats won by party % Seats held by party n Seats held by party %
Australian Labor Party  4,123,153  29.79  -0.32  26  34.21  26  34.21  26  34.21 
Liberal Party - National Party (joint ticket)  2,769,426  20.01  -1.27  10  13.16         
Australian Greens  1,197,690  8.65  +0.01  11.84  11.84  11.84 
Liberal Party  1,067,286  7.71  +0.21  14  18.42  21  27.63  21  27.63 
Liberal National Party (Qld)  960,467  6.94  -1.14  6.58  6.58  6.58 
Pauline Hanson's One Nation Party  592,539  4.28  5.26  5.26  5.26 
Nick Xenophon Group  456,556  3.30  +1.37  3.95  3.95  3.95 
Liberal Democratic Party  298,930  2.16  -1.75  1.32  1.32  1.32 
Derryn Hinch's Justice Party  266,660  1.93  1.32  1.32  1.32 
Shooters Party  192,965  1.39       
Family First  189,852  1.37  +0.26  1.32  1.32  1.32 
Christian Democratic Party  162,370  1.17       
Animal Justice Party  159,407  1.15       
Australian Sex Party  94,262  0.68  -0.69       
Jacqui Lambie Network  69,074  0.50  1.32  1.32  1.32 
Australian Motoring Enthusiasts Party  53,242  0.38  -0.12       
Country Liberal Party (NT)  37,156  0.27  -0.05  1.32  1.32  1.32 
National Party  34,633  0.25  -0.27    3.95  3.95 
Palmer United Party  26,230  0.19  -4.72       
Votes for other than listed parties 1,087,002 7.85 -0.20             
Totals 13,838,900  100.00    76  100.00  76  100.00  76  100.00 

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* Party did not contest previous election or did not meet criteria for listing, or contested previous election under a different party name.


In the table above, see the Glossary distinctions between Seats won by ticket and Seats won by party, and between Seats won by party and Seats held by party.

Electoral system: In an attempt to reduce the number of parties elected to the Senate with less that 5 percent of the primary vote in any state, the Electoral Act Amendment Act 2016 made changes to the requirements for voters to complete a valid Senate ballot (for context, see 'Other parties' in the notes to the national summary of the 2013 Senate election). For Senate elections from 1984 to 2013, voters had been required to rank all the candidates listed on the ballot paper or choose a single party list (group voting ticket) by voting above the line on the ballot paper. For the 2016 election, voters needed to rank only 12 candidates but, if voters chose to vote above the line, they were required to rank six party lists (group voting tickets).

To reduce the number of informal (invalid) ballots that might have followed from these changes, provision was made in the Act for ballots with only a single choice of party list above the line (as required by the former rules) to be a valid vote for that party list only. A similar provision was made for some ballots that listed fewer than 12 candidates below the line. These saving clauses appeared to have had some success since the rate of informal (invalid) voting for the Senate in 2016 increased by less than 1 percent over the 2013 figure.

Pauline Hanson's One Nation Party: Since cofounding the original Pauline Hanson's One Nation Party in 1997, Pauline Hanson has contested elections in Queensland under various party names, and a number of parties using Pauline Hanson's name or One Nation have contested state and federal elections in all states and territories at various times since 1998. The Pauline Hanson's One Nation Party gained enough votes to elect a senator from Queensland in 1998 (Len Harris) and to qualify as a listed party in this database at Senate elections from 1998 to 2004. The election of Pauline Hanson and three other members of her party to the Senate in 2016 marked the first time that the party had won senators from a states other than Queensland (New South Wales and Western Australia) .

Nick Xenophon Group: Nick Xenophon was an Independent member of the South Australian Legislative Council from 1997 to 2007. At the 2007 Senate election, Xenophon ran in South Australia as one of two candidates in a group without a party name (group S on the 2007 South Australian Senate ballot paper) and was elected as an Independent senator. At the 2013 Senate election, he formed a registered party called the Nick Xenophon Group, and won a Senate seat with the second highest share of primary votes for any party in South Australia. At this Senate election (2016) he registered the party name Nick Xenophon Team but the name Nick Xenophon Group has been retained in this database to permit comparison over time and between states.

Although contesting Senate seats in all states in 2016, the Nick Xenophon Group only won seats in South Australia but, in that state, it gained three senators, as many as were won by the Australian Labor Party at the 2016 Senate election.

Liberal Democratic Party: After some difficulty with registering its party name over objections from the Liberal Party, the party was registered for Senate elections from 2010. The party believes in small government and traditional libertarian principles. The party was successful in electing a senator (David Leyonhjelm) from New South Wales in 2013 who was returned at the 2016 Senate election.

Derryn Hinch's Justice Party: Derryn Hinch's Justice Party was formed by the former broadcaster and TV personality who was known as for his actions against paedophiles and his policies of increasing the punishment for criminals. Derryn Hinch was elected in his home state of Victoria, but the party contested Senate seats in all states.

Shooters Party: This party was registered for this Senate election as the Shooters, Fishers and Farmers Party; the original name -- Shooters Party -- has been retained for this database to permit comparison of the party's vote share between states and over time.

Family First: The Family First party was founded in 2002 in South Australia and had policies which support traditional family values. It ran candidates in all states at the 2004 federal election and was successful in winning a Senate seat in Victoria (Steve Fielding). It contested the Senate elections of 2007 and 2010 without success but gained representation in 2013 from South Australia with the election of its candidate, Bob Day, who was reelected to the Senate at this election (2016).

Jacqui Lambie Network: Jacqui Lambie was elected to the Senate in 2013 from Tasmania on the Palmer United Party ticket but resigned from the party in 2014 to sit as an Independent after disagreements with the party leader, Clive Palmer. In 2015, she formed the Jacqui Lambie Network and, under this party label, retained her Tasmanian seat in the Senate at this election (2016).

Australian Motoring Enthusiast Party: This party was formed in Queensland in May 2013; in addition to specific policies relating off-road use of motor vehicles, the party's 'core values' favoured small government and individual economic freedom, but with broad social responsibility. The Party won a Senate seat in Victoria at the 2013 Senate election (Ricky Muir) and gained some notoriety as one of the 'micro-parties' that had used above the line voting as a way to harvest preferences from other small parties. This practice prompted changes in 2016 to the rules for completing Senate ballots; see 'Electoral system', above.

Palmer United Party: The Palmer United Party was formed in 2013 by mining businessman Clive Palmer, who had been previously associated with the Queensland National Party and its successor, the Liberal National Party. At the 2013 election, the Party won Senate seats in Queensland, Tasmania and Western Australia but disagreements within the Party and financial controversies surrounding Clive Palmer led to the Party's collapse.

Other parties: The Australian Electoral Commission listed 34 registered party groupings for this Senate election whose votes are not separately listed in the table above. None of these parties gained 1 percent of the national first preference votes at this election, had a candidate elected or met any of the other criteria for listing in this database for the national summary of this Senate election (see listed party). For details of the votes won by these parties, see the reference in 'Sources', below. Note that some of these parties may have qualified for listing in state or territory summaries for this election.


Voting figures were taken from the Australian Electoral Commission website 'First Preferences by Senate group', online here. [accessed 11 June 2017]

Figures for seats won were taken from the Australian Electoral Commission website 'Senate party representation', online here. [accessed 11 June 2017]