ID 1592

Commonwealth Parliament, Senate election

Election of 7 September 2013


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General election for the Senate
Commonwealth of Australia
Date of election
7 September 2013

Government in office at Senate election

Prime Minister in office at date of Senate election. (check notes to Senate national summary table to see if change of Prime Minister since previous election)
Prime Minister's party affiliation
Australian Labor Party
Government majority in Senate at date of election
No
Change of government
Yes
Government majority in new Senate
No
If coalition, coalition partner(s)

Senate enrolment and voting

Total number of voters on the roll
14,722,754
Total ballots cast (may differ from number of votes in multiple voting systems)
13,822,161
Turnout (rate of voting in contested seats)
93.88%
Total valid votes
13,413,019
Rate of informal (invalid) voting
2.96%

Electoral composition of the Senate for this election

Total number of seats in the Senate
76
Total number of seats for each state
12
Number of seats for each territory
2
Seats to be filled at this Senate election
40
Casual vacancies/additional seats included in seats to be filled
0
Electoral System
Adult franchise at 18 years (from 1974); multimember districts; proportional representation by the single transferable vote method (STV); compulsory preferences; above the line (group ticket) voting permitted; compulsory voting

Senate votes and seats won, and seats held, national summary

Display Chart

Election held on 7 September 2013
Criteria for the inclusion of parties in this table are set out in the Glossary under 'listed party'

* to view table drag left or right.
Party Name First preference vote n First preference vote share % Change from previous election % Seats won by ticket n Seats won by ticket % Seats won by party n Seats won by party % Seats held by party n Seats held by party %
Australian Labor Party  4,038,591  30.11  -5.02  12  30.00  12  30.00  25  32.89 
Liberal Party - National Party (joint ticket)  2,853,905  21.28  -0.14  12.50         
Australian Greens  1,159,588  8.65  -4.46  10.00  10.00  10  13.16 
Liberal National Party (Qld)  1,084,299  8.08  +0.11  7.50  7.50  7.89 
Liberal Party  1,006,710  7.51  -1.08  20.00  12  30.00  23  30.26 
Palmer United Party  658,976  4.91  7.50  7.50  3.95 
Liberal Democratic Party  523,831  3.91  +2.10  2.50  2.50  1.32 
Nick Xenophon Group  258,376  1.93  2.50  2.50  1.32 
Australian Sex Party  183,731  1.37  -0.67       
Family First  149,306  1.11  -0.99  2.50  2.50  1.32 
Katter's Australian Party  119,920  0.89       
Democratic Labor Party  112,549  0.84  -0.22      1.32 
National Party  69,523  0.52  +0.19    2.50  3.95 
Australian Motoring Enthusiasts Party  67,560  0.50  2.50  2.50  1.32 
Country Liberal Party (NT)  42,781  0.32  +0.01  2.50  2.50  1.32 
Australian Sports Party  2,997  0.02       
Votes for other than listed parties 1,080,376 8.05 +4.06             
Totals 13,413,019  100.00    40  100.00  40  100.00  76  100.00 


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* Party did not contest previous election or did not meet criteria for listing, or contested previous election under a different party name.

Notes

Partially modified results: The seats won shown in the table above have been modified to incorporate the final results of the rerun of the Senate election in Western Australia held on 5 April 2014. This special election was called as a consequence of the voiding of the Senate election held on 7 September 2013 in Western Australia by the Court of Disputed Returns (see note, below). The final results of the 5 April special election in WA are available here.

While the seats won by parties have been updated, voting figures in the tables above are the final figures for September 2013 election and do not include the modified figures from the April 2014 WA special election.

In the table above, see the Glossary distinctions between Seats won by ticket and Seats won by party, and between Seats won by party and Seats held by party.

Rerun of Senate election in Western Australian: The close results for the Senate election in Western Australia had led to a recount of all ballots in that state. Near the close of the recount on 1 November, it was announced by the Australian Electoral Commission that some 1,370 ballots had been lost, possibly in transit to the AEC Perth office. As the results of the recount changed two of the six candidates to be elected to the Senate, the result of the election was challenged in the High Court sitting as the Court of Disputed Returns. In February, the High Court found that the WA Senate election was void, and that another election must be held for the Senate in Western Australia, the first such state-only ballot for all senators in a state in the history of the Senate. The election took place on 5 April 2014.

The party representation in the Senate shown in the table above reflects the changes made by the recount of the ballots in Western Australia: an Australian Labor Party candidate and a candidate from the Palmer United Party who had been elected on the original count, were replaced by a candidate from the Australian Greens, and one from the Australian Sports Party. The results will displayed on this website until the results of the special election in Western Australia have been finalized.

Australian Greens: The Senate seat won by the Australian Greens from Western Australia is dependent on the rerun of the Senate election in Western Australia; see previous note.

Palmer United Party: The Palmer United Party was formed in 2013 by mining businessman Clive Palmer, who had been previously associated with the Queensland National Party and its successor, the Liberal National Party. The Palmer United Party endorsed candidates in every House of Representatives electoral district in Australia, and in Senate elections for all states and territories. The Party's policies argued for limiting paid lobbyists, changes to refugee policies, abolition of a carbon tax, more mineral processing in Australia, and greater expenditure in regional Australia. The Party won a Senate seat in Queensland and Tasmania, and won a seat in the rerun of the Senate election in Western Australia (see note, above).

Liberal Democratic Party: After some difficulty with registering its party name over objections from the Liberal Party, the party was registered for Senate elections in 2008. The party believes in small government and traditional libertarian principles. Although contesting Senate seats in most states at the 2013 Senate election, the party was only successful in electing a senator (David Leyonhjelm) from New South Wales.

Nick Xenophon Group: Nick Xenophon was an Independent member of the South Australian Legislative Council from 1997 to 2007. At the 2007 Senate election, Xenophon ran in South Australia as one of two candidates in a group without a party name (group S on the 2007 South Australian Senate ballot paper) and was elected as an Independent senator. At this Senate election (2013), he formed a registered party called the Nick Xenophon Group, and won a Senate seat with the second highest share of primary votes for any party in South Australia.

Family First: The Family First party was founded in 2002 in South Australia and has policies which support traditional family values. It ran candidates in all states at the 2004 federal election and was successful in winning a Senate seat in Victoria (Steve Fielding). It contested the Senate elections of 2007 and 2010 without success but won a Senate seat in South Australia (Bob Day) at this election (2013).

Katter's Australian Party: Bob Katter, a former National Party member of the Queensland Assembly (1974-1992), and a member of the House of Representatives since 1993, applied in 2011 to register the party name 'Katter's Australian Party' for both federal and state elections. Although originally elected to the House of Representatives as a member of the National Party for the electoral district of Kennedy in 1993, he resigned from the Party and successfully contested the four federal elections for the seat from 2001 to 2010 as an Independent; he ran in this election in the electoral district of Kennedy (2013) as a member of the party he founded together with 62 other House of Representatives candidates across Australia, but was the only successful candidate. The Party ran Senate candidates in all states and the Australian Capital Territory but did not win a Senate seat.

Australian Motoring Enthusiast Party: According to its web page (https://bit.ly/2vPMIPf [accessed 17 December 2013]), the party was formed in Queensland in May 2013. In addition to specific policies relating off-road use of motor vehicles, the party's 'core values' favoured small government and individual economic freedom, but with broad social responsibility. The Party won a Senate seat in Victoria (Ricky Muir), but ran Senate candidates in five states (NSW, Qld, SA, Vic and WA).

Australian Sports Party: The Australian Sports Party was committed to encouraging broad participation in sports and healthy living. The party ran candidates in only one state, Western Australia, and endorsed Wayne Dropulich as their leading Senate candidate. He was elected in September 2013 with only 0.23 percent of the Western Australian Senate primary vote (0.02 of the national Senate primary vote), but benefited from a complicated exchange of preferences with other small parties competing at the Senate election. This party did not win a seat in the rerun of the Senate election in Western Australia (see notes above, and below).

Other parties: The Australian Electoral Commission listed 34 registered party groupings for this Senate election whose votes are not separately listed in the table above. None of these parties gained 1 percent of the national first preference votes at this election, had a candidate elected or met any of the other criteria for listing in this database for for the national summary of this Senate election (see listed party). For details of the votes won by these parties, see the reference in 'Sources', below. Note that some of these parties may have qualified for listing in state or territory summaries for this election.

Many small parties made arrangements to exchange preferences for those voters -- the great majority -- who chose to vote above the line on the Senate ballot paper. This system of swapping preferences among very small parties was one of the reasons for the election of minor party candidates whose parties had gained only a small number of first preference votes. It is likely that the problems with the count for the Western Australian Senate seats will prompt a change in electoral rules.

Sources

Voting figures are taken from the Australian Electoral Commission 'Election 2013' web page 'First Preferences by Group' online at: https://bit.ly/2vQ1SnK [accessed 13 December 2013]



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