Elections held in 9 March 2013
Criteria for the inclusion of parties in this table are set out in the Glossary under 'listed party'
|Party Name||Candidates n||First preference vote n||First preference vote share %||Change from previous election %||Seats won by party n||Seats won by party %||Uncontested seats at this election n||Seats held by party n||Seats held by party %|
|Australian Labor Party||36||398,260||32.51||-3.64||11||30.56||0||11||30.56|
|Shooters and Fishers Party||12||21,765||1.78||*||1||2.78||0||1||2.78|
* Party did not contest previous election or did not meet criteria for listing, or contested previous election under a different party name.
History of the Legislative Council: For information and references on the origins and early history of the Legislative Council, see the notes for the 1894 Legislative Council elections.
Franchise and qualifications for candidates: The Constitution Acts Amendment Act (No. 2) of 1963 abolished the property franchise and plural voting for the Legislative Council, making the franchise identical to that of the Legislative Assembly. 'In addition, the qualifications for membership of the Upper House were brought into line with those for the Assembly with the lowering of the minimum age from thirty to twenty-one [eighteen from 1973] and the reduction of the residential period within the state from two years to one year', David Black, Legislative Council, p. 6 (see 'Sources', below). For details of the previous franchise and candidate qualifications, see the notes to Legislative Council elections before 1965.
Terms of members: The Acts Amendment (Electoral Reform) Act of 1987 made major changes to the way members of the Legislative Council were elected. Members retained fixed terms, but the terms were reduced from six to four years. Staggered terms were abandoned, all members retiring on the same date.
The Electoral Act Amendment Act of 1964 had previously ensured that Legislative Council elections would usually be held on the same date as general elections for the Legislative Assembly. This provision did not affect the fixed terms of Legislative Council members; successful candidates at an early Legislative Council election would have to wait until the following May to take up their seats.
Increase in the number of members: From 1989, 34 members of the Legislative Council were elected from six multimember electoral districts. The Electoral Legislation Amendment Act of 2006 increased the membership of the Legislative Council '... from 34 to 36, with 18 representing Perth regions and 18 non-metropolitan regions. The number of members elected from each region was equalised at six, replacing the previous system of electing five or seven members per region', Antony Green, p.1 (see 'Sources', below).
The result of the equal division of Legislative Council seats between the Perth metropolitan area and country areas reduced the malapportionment that had characterised representation in the Legislative Council, but still gave country voters substantially more than twice the voting power of metropolitan voters.
Electoral System: Another change introduced for the 1989 and subsequent elections was the use of proportional representation by the single transferable vote method (PR-STV) for the election of members of the Legislative Council. The Electoral (Procedures) Amendment Act of 1987 enabled party names to be printed on ballot papers, and provided for above the line voting at Legislative Council elections. For information on previous Legislative Council electoral systems, see the notes to Legislative Council elections before 1989.
Seats held by parties: The total number of members in the Legislative Council affiliated with each party after an election is shown in the seats held by party column of the 'Votes and seats' table, above. With the abolition of staggered terms from 1989 (see notes above), the seats held by party will be the same as seats won by party.
Independents: The vote shown for independents at this election is the sum of votes cast for all candidates registered as Independents (28) and two candidates who ran for office without any registered party name. No Independent candidate was elected at this election.
Shooters and Fishers Party: This party was related to the Shooters Party which originated in the mid-1990s in New South Wales in response to laws restricting the use and ownership of firearms. It had contested seats in upper houses in various states and for the Senate but this Legislative Council election (2013) was the first time it fielded candidates in Western Australian parliamentary elections.
Australian Christians: This new party was committed to Christian principles and pro-family and pro-life policies; the party had some organizational links with the Christian Democratic Party which fielded candidates at the previous Western Australian election in 2008.
Results calculated from the Western Australian Electoral Commission website: https://bit.ly/2LynJnm [accessed 2 May 2013].
Antony Green, Western Australian State Election 2008: Analysis of Results, Western Australian Parliamentary Library, Election Paper Series 1/2009 (Perth, Western Australian Parliamentary Library, March 2009, ISBN 9781921243844); online: here [accessed 11 March 2017]
See also David Black, Legislative Council of Western Australia: Membership Register, Electoral Law and Statistics 1890-1989, (Perth: Western Australian Parliamentary History Project, 1989, revised 1991, ISBN 0730936414).