ID 1292

Parliament of Western Australia Legislative Council election

Election of 10 February 2001


Show only vote and seat summary details

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Election for the Legislative Council
Western Australia
Date of election
10 February 2001
Type of Legislative Council election
Four yearly periodic elections for all seats
Related or previous Assembly election

Government support in Legislative Council at and after election

Government majority in Legislative Council at date of election
No
Government majority in new Legislative Council
No

Composition of the Legislative Council and seats to be filled at this election

Total number of seats in the Legislative Council
34
If the Legislative Council has staggered terms, the number of seats to be filled at this election
Not applicable
Casual vacancies (by-elections) and additional seats to be filled at this election (see notes)
Not applicable
Total seats to be filled at this election
34

Enrolment and voting

Total number of voters on the roll
1,187,629
Number of uncontested seats
0
If uncontested seats, number of voters on the roll in uncontested seats
Not applicable
Number of voters on the roll in contested seats
1,187,629
Total number of candidates
157
Total ballots cast (may differ from number of votes in multiple voting systems)
1,077,186
Turnout (rate of voting in contested seats)
90.70%
Total valid votes
1,048,752
Rate of informal (invalid) voting
2.64%
Informal (invalid) ballots in multiple voting system
Not applicable
Electoral system
Universal suffrage at 18 years; 6 multimember districts; proportional representation by the single transferable vote method (STV), compulsory preferences; above the line voting permitted, compulsory voting (see notes)


Western Australia, Legislative Council votes and seats won, and seats held

Display Chart

Elections held in 10 February 2001
Criteria for the inclusion of parties in this table are set out in the Glossary under 'listed party'

* to view table drag left or right.
Party Name Candidates n First preference vote n First preference vote share % Change from previous election % Seats won by party n Seats won by party % Uncontested seats at this election n Seats held by party n Seats held by party %
Australian Labor Party  34  397,846  37.94  +4.86  13  38.24    13  38.24 
Liberal Party  34  356,126  33.96  -0.01  12  35.29    12  35.29 
Pauline Hanson's One Nation Party  15  103,571  9.88  8.82    8.82 
Greens WA  14  83,883  8.00  +2.45  14.71    14.71 
Australian Democrats  12  39,099  3.73  -2.86         
National Party  12  25,073  2.39  +1.87  2.94    2.94 
Independents  21  17,110  1.63  -2.17         
Christian Democratic Party  16,105  1.54         
Curtin Labor Alliance  8,985  0.86         
Seniors Party  954  0.09         
Totals 157  1,048,752  100.00    34  100.00    34  100.00 


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* Party did not contest previous election or did not meet criteria for listing, or contested previous election under a different party name.

Notes

History of the Legislative Council: For information and references on the origins and early history of the Legislative Council, see the notes for the 1894 Legislative Council elections.

Franchise and qualifications for candidates: The Constitution Acts Amendment Act (No. 2) of 1963 abolished the property franchise and plural voting for the Legislative Council, making the franchise identical to that of the Legislative Assembly. 'In addition, the qualifications for membership of the Upper House were brought into line with those for the Assembly with the lowering of the minimum age from thirty to twenty-one [eighteen from 1973] and the reduction of the residential period within the state from two years to one year', David Black, Legislative Council, p. 6 (see 'Sources', below). For details of the previous franchise and candidate qualifications, see the notes to Legislative Council elections before 1965.

Electoral system: The Acts Amendment (Electoral Reform) Act of 1987 made major changes to the way members of the Legislative Council were elected. While the number of members remained at 34, and members retained fixed terms, the terms were reduced from six to four years. Staggered terms were abandoned, all members retiring on the same date.

The Electoral Act Amendment Act of 1964 had previously ensured that Legislative Council elections would usually be held on the same date as general elections for the Legislative Assembly; see David Black, Legislative Council, p. 6 (see 'Sources', below). This provision did not affect the fixed terms of Legislative Council members; successful candidates at an early Legislative Council election would have to wait until the following May to take up their seats.

From 1989, members of the Legislative Council were elected from six multimember electoral districts (2 seven member, and 4 five member regions) by a system of proportional representation by the single transferable vote method (PR-STV). The Electoral (Procedures) Amendment Act of 1987 enabled party names to be printed on ballot papers, and provided for above the line voting at Legislative Council elections.

For information on previous Legislative Council electoral systems, see the notes to Legislative Council elections before 1989.

Seats held by parties: The total number of members in the Legislative Council affiliated with each party after an election is shown in the seats held by party column of the 'Votes and seats' table, above. With the abolition of staggered terms from 1989 (see notes above), the seats held by party will be the same as seats won by party.

Pauline Hanson's One Nation Party: This short-lived rural based populist party contested the 2001 Western Australian elections after winning more than 20 percent of the vote in the June 1998 Queensland Legislative Assembly election, and 8 percent of the vote in the October 1998 House of Representatives elections.

Christian Democratic Party: This party was the successor to the Call to Australia party; see the note to the 1993 Legislative Council election.

Curtin Labor Alliance: 'The Curtin Labor Alliance was a minor Australian political coalition that was formed between two minor right-wing groups, the Citizens Electoral Council (CEC) and the Western Australian Municipal Employers Union, in 2001....', Wikipedia: https://bit.ly/2z9xNjD [accessed 21 February 2010].

References: The Australian Journal of Politics and History has provided short surveys of Western Australian politics since 1955 (including parliamentary politics) in the 'Political Chronicle' section of the journal in issues of each annual volume. This publication can be viewed online through Wiley-Blackwell Journals at subscribing libraries.

Sources

Antony Green, Western Australian State Election 2001, Western Australian Parliamentary Library, Election Paper Series 2/2001 (Perth, Western Australian Parliamentary Library, 2001, ISBN 0730761010), also online at :
https://bit.ly/2zbwuAv

See also, Western Australian Electoral Commission website, '2001 State Election Details', at:
https://bit.ly/2zbRwPu
and David Black, Legislative Council of Western Australia: Membership Register, Electoral Law and Statistics 1890-1989, (Perth: Western Australian Parliamentary History Project, 1989, revised 1991, ISBN 0730936414).



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