ID 1231

Parliament of Tasmania Legislative Council annual periodic election and by-elections

Election of 27 May 1995


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Election for the Legislative Council
Tasmania
Date of election
1995
Type of Legislative Council election
Periodic elections and by-election, 27 May 1995
Previous Assembly election

Government support in Legislative Council at and after election

Government majority in Legislative Council at date of periodic election
No
Government majority in new Legislative Council
No

Composition of the Legislative Council and seats to be filled at this election

Total number of seats in the Legislative Council
19
If the Legislative Council has staggered terms, the number of seats to be filled at this election
4
Casual vacancies (by-elections) and additional seats to be filled at this election (see notes)
1
Total seats to be filled at this election
5

Enrolment and voting

Total number of voters on the roll
86,198
Number of uncontested seats
0
If uncontested seats, number of voters on the roll in uncontested seats
Not applicable
Number of voters on the roll in contested seats
86,198
Total number of candidates
25
Total ballots cast (may differ from number of votes in multiple voting systems)
78,853
Turnout (rate of voting in contested seats)
91.48%
Total valid votes
75,973
Rate of informal (invalid) voting
3.65%
Informal (invalid) ballots in multiple voting system
Not applicable
Electoral system
Universal suffrage (from 1968) at 18 years (from 1973); single member electoral districts; preferential voting (the alternative vote) with optional preferences after the third preference, and rotation of candidates' names on the ballot; staggered fixed six year terms; annual periodic elections; compulsory voting (see notes)


Tasmania, Legislative Council votes and seats won, and seats held

Display Chart

Elections held in 1995
Criteria for the inclusion of parties in this table are set out in the Glossary under 'listed party'

* to view table drag left or right.
Party Name Candidates n First preference vote n First preference vote share % Change from previous election % Seats won by party n Seats won by party % Seats held by party n Seats held by party %
Independents  20  49,985  65.79  -10.01  60.00  15  78.95 
Liberal Party  8,875  11.68  20.00  5.26 
Australian Labor Party  7,269  9.57  -1.12  20.00  15.79 
Australian Democrats  6,329  8.33       
Tasmanian Greens  2,802  3.69  -5.10       
Independent Liberal  713  0.94       
Totals 25  75,973  100.00    100.00  19  100.00 


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* Party did not contest previous election or did not meet criteria for listing, or contested previous election under a different party name.

Notes

History of the Legislative Council: For information and references on the early history of the Legislative Council, see the note for the 1856 Legislative Council election.

Franchise: The Constitution Act of 1968 '...abolished all property restrictions on Council electors, making the franchise the same as for the Assembly', Scott Bennett and Barbara Bennett, Tasmanian Electoral Handbook, 1851-1982, p. 17 (Kensington, NSW: Reference Section of History Project Incorporated, University of New South Wales, 1983). The franchise was further widened from 1973 when the minimum age for voting and standing as a candidate for the Legislative Council was reduced to 18 years. The restrictive property qualification for the Legislative Council had been progressively relaxed since 1856 (see notes to previous elections) so that, by 1954 there was a long list of eligible voters which ensured that most Tasmanians could vote at Legislative Council Elections; see section 28 of the Constitution Act 1934, as amended to 1959, in the consolidated Tasmanian Statutes 1826-1959, (Hobart, Government Printer, 1959). For the slow enfranchisement of women for the Legislative Council, see the notes to Legislative Council elections before 1968. Women gained the vote for the Tasmanian House of Assembly in 1903.

Qualifications for candidates: The Constitution Act of 1921 gave women the right to sit as members of the Tasmanian Parliament but the restrictions on women's franchise limited the number of eligible women candidates until 1954; the remaining restrictions for both men and women were removed with the introduction of universal franchise for the Legislative Council in 1968. Under the Constitution Act of 1946, candidates for Legislative Council elections had to be British subjects of at least 25 years of age (previously 30 years, and from 1973, 18 years) and have been resident in the state for five years at any one time or two years preceding the election.

Membership of the Legislative Council: With the passage of the Constitution Act of 1946, a major redistribution of seats for the Legislative Council was undertaken and its membership increased to 19 with effect from 1947. The three member electoral district of Hobart was reconstituted as three single member districts (Hobart, Newdegate, and Queenborough), and the two member electoral district of Launceston was reconstituted as two single member districts (Launceston and Cornwall). Elections for the new districts were to be phased in to match a new sequence of annual periodic elections; three periodic elections for the Legislative Council in May each year, and four every sixth year from 1953.

Members' terms: The Constitution Amendment Act, 1885 had made significant changes to the electoral system (see the notes for the 1886 Legislative Council election). These changes to the terms of members, coupled with a fixed six year term for each member, created a predictable pattern of rotation for periodic elections for the Legislative Council, with periodic elections for the year all held on the same date; for details of the previous electoral arrangements, see the notes to Legislative Council elections before 1885.

Electoral system and voting: The Electoral Act of 1907 introduced preferential voting with semi-optional preferences for Legislative Council elections -- voters were required to express preferences for all candidates on the ballot paper but, if there were more than three candidates for an electoral district, preferences beyond the third were not mandatory. The electoral system was first used for Legislative Council elections in 1909. This change was introduced in the same year as proportional representation by STV was first used for the House of Assembly. The Electoral Act of 1928 made voting compulsory for both houses of the Tasmanian Parliament. The Electoral Act Amendment Act of 1979 provided for the rotation of candidates' names on ballot papers, often called Robson rotation; see Andrew Hawkey, A Discussion Paper on Robson Rotation in Tasmania, (Hobart: Tasmanian Electoral Commission, April 2008) available online at: https://bit.ly/2spGeEB [accessed 10 June 2009].

Seats held by the Australian Labor Party: At the by-election for the seat of Derwent, Michael Aird was elected as a candidate affiliated with the Australian Labor Party. He joined Douglas Parkinson who had been elected to the seat of Hobart in 1994, and David Crean who had been elected to the seat of Buckingham in 1992, both as Labor Party candidates. See the Glossary of this website for the definition of seats held by party.

Liberal Party: Peter McKay who was elected to the seat of Pembroke at this election (see the results for the district of Pembroke, below), was the first person since 1946 to contest a Legislative Council election as a candidate affiliated with the Liberal Party. McKay had won the seat of Pembroke at a by-election in 1976 as a candidate without party affiliation, and had been returned as an Independent until this election.

Australian Democrats: The Australian Democrats were founded in 1977 as party to contest federal elections and fielded candidates for House of Representatives and Senate seats in Tasmania from that date. The party contested seats at Tasmanian House of Assembly elections from 1979. This Legislative Council election (1995) was the first time at which a candidate affiliated with the Australian Democrats had run for election (see the results for the district of Pembroke, below). The candidate, Richard James had run for election for the seat of Pembroke at the two previous Legislative Council elections as a candidate without party affiliation,

References: The Australian Journal of Politics and History has provided brief surveys of Tasmanian politics since 1956 in the 'Political Chronicle' section of the journal in issues of each annual volume. This publication can be viewed online through Wiley-Blackwell Journals at subscribing libraries; for notes on members of the Legislative Council, see the 'Parliament of Tasmania from 1856' page on the Parliament of Tasmania website at: https://bit.ly/2spMiws .

Sources

Voting figures and election results are calculated from information provided by the Tasmanian Parliamentary Library on its website at: https://bit.ly/2sqeCyS [accessed 22 April 2009]. The party affiliation of candidates is derived from research by the Parliamentary Research Service, Parliament of Tasmania, unless otherwise indicated in the 'Notes', above.

Note also, Tasmanian Electoral Office, Parliamentary Elections Report (1995-1997), (Hobart: Tasmanian Electoral Office, 1997), on line at: https://bit.ly/2LtGkB0


Tasmania, Legislative Council votes and seats won by electoral district

Election for the district of Derwent

Date of election
27 May 1995
Type of election
By-election (resignation of member)
Date of previous election
25 May 1991
Enrolment
16,099
Ballots cast
14,963
Turnout (rate of voting)
92.94%
Total valid votes
14,233
Rate of informal (invalid) voting
4.88%
Informal (invalid) ballots in multiple voting system

Candidate
Michael Anthony Aird
Party affiliation
Australian Labor Party
Sitting member
Sitting member from by-election
First Preference vote n
7,269
First preference vote share %
51.07
Elected
Yes
Candidate
Judy Bromfield
Party affiliation
Independents
Sitting member
Sitting member from by-election
First Preference vote n
2,688
First preference vote share %
18.89
Elected
Candidate
Tony Foster
Party affiliation
Independents
Sitting member
Sitting member from by-election
First Preference vote n
1,764
First preference vote share %
12.39
Elected
Candidate
Jim White
Party affiliation
Independents
Sitting member
Sitting member from by-election
First Preference vote n
1,142
First preference vote share %
8.02
Elected
Candidate
Ted Jeffries
Party affiliation
Independents
Sitting member
Sitting member from by-election
First Preference vote n
949
First preference vote share %
6.67
Elected
Candidate
Pat Cornelius
Party affiliation
Independents
Sitting member
Sitting member from by-election
First Preference vote n
421
First preference vote share %
2.96
Elected

Election for the district of Pembroke

Date of election
27 May 1995
Type of election
Periodic election
Date of previous election
27 May 1989
Enrolment
21,610
Ballots cast
19,959
Turnout (rate of voting)
92.36%
Total valid votes
19,393
Rate of informal (invalid) voting
2.84%
Informal (invalid) ballots in multiple voting system

Candidate
Peter C McKay
Party affiliation
Liberal Party
Sitting member
Yes
Sitting member from by-election
First Preference vote n
8,875
First preference vote share %
45.76
Elected
Yes
Candidate
Richard James
Party affiliation
Australian Democrats
Sitting member
Sitting member from by-election
First Preference vote n
6,329
First preference vote share %
32.64
Elected
Candidate
Robert Allen
Party affiliation
Independents
Sitting member
Sitting member from by-election
First Preference vote n
4,189
First preference vote share %
21.60
Elected

Notes

Liberal Party: Peter McKay who was re-elected to the seat of Pembroke at this election (see above), was the first person since 1946 to contest a Legislative Council election as a candidate affiliated with the Liberal Party. McKay had won the seat of Pembroke at a by-election in 1976 as a candidate without party affiliation, and had been returned as an Independent until this election.

Australian Democrats: This Legislative Council election (1995) was the first time at which a candidate affiliated with the Australian Democrats had run for election. The candidate, Richard James had run for election for the seat of Pembroke at the two previous Legislative Council elections as a candidate without party affiliation.

Election for the district of Queenborough

Date of election
27 May 1995
Type of election
Periodic election
Date of previous election
27 May 1989
Enrolment
14,563
Ballots cast
12,842
Turnout (rate of voting)
88.18%
Total valid votes
12,516
Rate of informal (invalid) voting
2.54%
Informal (invalid) ballots in multiple voting system

Candidate
James Scott Wilkinson
Party affiliation
Independents
Sitting member
Sitting member from by-election
First Preference vote n
4,169
First preference vote share %
33.31
Elected
Yes
Candidate
Gerry Bates
Party affiliation
Tasmanian Greens
Sitting member
Sitting member from by-election
First Preference vote n
2,802
First preference vote share %
22.39
Elected
Candidate
Jane Goodluck
Party affiliation
Independents
Sitting member
Sitting member from by-election
First Preference vote n
2,256
First preference vote share %
18.02
Elected
Candidate
Rod Cameron-Tucker
Party affiliation
Independents
Sitting member
Sitting member from by-election
First Preference vote n
1,089
First preference vote share %
8.70
Elected
Candidate
Timothy T J Stops
Party affiliation
Independent Liberal
Sitting member
Sitting member from by-election
First Preference vote n
713
First preference vote share %
5.70
Elected
Candidate
Peter C Donnelly
Party affiliation
Independents
Sitting member
Sitting member from by-election
First Preference vote n
583
First preference vote share %
4.66
Elected
Candidate
Eva Ruzicka
Party affiliation
Independents
Sitting member
Sitting member from by-election
First Preference vote n
445
First preference vote share %
3.56
Elected
Candidate
Margaretta Pos
Party affiliation
Independents
Sitting member
Sitting member from by-election
First Preference vote n
352
First preference vote share %
2.81
Elected
Candidate
Philip Hopson
Party affiliation
Independents
Sitting member
Sitting member from by-election
First Preference vote n
152
First preference vote share %
1.21
Elected

Election for the district of Tamar

Date of election
27 May 1995
Type of election
Periodic election
Date of previous election
27 May 1989
Enrolment
16,491
Ballots cast
14,721
Turnout (rate of voting)
89.27%
Total valid votes
14,019
Rate of informal (invalid) voting
4.77%
Informal (invalid) ballots in multiple voting system

Candidate
John Arthur Loone
Party affiliation
Independents
Sitting member
Yes
Sitting member from by-election
First Preference vote n
10,413
First preference vote share %
74.28
Elected
Yes
Candidate
Bob Edwards
Party affiliation
Independents
Sitting member
Sitting member from by-election
First Preference vote n
3,606
First preference vote share %
25.72
Elected

Election for the district of West Devon

Date of election
27 May 1995
Type of election
Periodic election
Date of previous election
27 May 1989
Enrolment
17,435
Ballots cast
16,368
Turnout (rate of voting)
93.88%
Total valid votes
15,812
Rate of informal (invalid) voting
3.40%
Informal (invalid) ballots in multiple voting system

Candidate
Desmond Miller Hiscutt
Party affiliation
Independents
Sitting member
Sitting member from by-election
First Preference vote n
4,510
First preference vote share %
28.52
Elected
Yes
Candidate
Sandra French
Party affiliation
Independents
Sitting member
Sitting member from by-election
First Preference vote n
3,889
First preference vote share %
24.60
Elected
Candidate
Steven Kons
Party affiliation
Independents
Sitting member
Sitting member from by-election
First Preference vote n
3,330
First preference vote share %
21.06
Elected
Candidate
Fonz Messieh
Party affiliation
Independents
Sitting member
Sitting member from by-election
First Preference vote n
3,138
First preference vote share %
19.85
Elected
Candidate
Richard J Gibbs
Party affiliation
Independents
Sitting member
Sitting member from by-election
First Preference vote n
945
First preference vote share %
5.98
Elected



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