ID 1113

Parliament of Tasmania Legislative Council annual periodic election and by-elections

Election of 23 June 1880


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Election for the Legislative Council
Tasmania
Date of election
1880
Type of Legislative Council election
Periodic elections and by-elections, March to November 1880
Previous Assembly election

Government support in Legislative Council at and after election

Government majority in Legislative Council at date of periodic election
No
Government majority in new Legislative Council
No

Composition of the Legislative Council and seats to be filled at this election

Total number of seats in the Legislative Council
16
If the Legislative Council has staggered terms, the number of seats to be filled at this election
3
Casual vacancies (by-elections) and additional seats to be filled at this election (see notes)
3
Total seats to be filled at this election
6

Enrolment and voting

Total number of voters on the roll
1,736
Number of uncontested seats
1
If uncontested seats, number of voters on the roll in uncontested seats
241
Number of voters on the roll in contested seats
1,495
Total number of candidates
11
Total ballots cast (may differ from number of votes in multiple voting systems)
1,039
Turnout (rate of voting in contested seats)
69.50%
Total valid votes
1,021
Rate of informal (invalid) voting
1.73%
Informal (invalid) ballots in multiple voting system
Not applicable
Electoral system
Property and occupational franchise; plural voting permitted; 11 single member and 2 multimember electoral districts; first past the post (plurality) voting; staggered fixed six year terms (see notes)


Tasmania, Legislative Council votes and seats won, and seats held

Display Chart

Elections held in 1880
Criteria for the inclusion of parties in this table are set out in the Glossary under 'listed party'

* to view table drag left or right.
Party Name Candidates n First preference vote n First preference vote share % Change from previous election % Seats won by party n Seats won by party % Seats held by party n Seats held by party %
Independents (No disciplined party groupings)  11  1,021  100.00  100.00  16  100.00 
Totals 11  1,021  100.00    100.00  16  100.00 


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* Party did not contest previous election or did not meet criteria for listing, or contested previous election under a different party name.

Notes

History of the Legislative Council: For information and references on the early history of the Legislative Council, see the note for the 1856 Legislative Council election.

Enlargement of the Legislative Council: The Electoral Act No. 4, 1870 had created the new single member Legislative Council electoral district of Mersey and, together with the Constitution Amendment Act, 1871 increased the membership of the Legislative Council to 16.

Franchise: The property qualifications for the Legislative Council franchise was reduced in 1871 by the Constitution Amendment Act of that year. Voters for the Legislative Council had to be over 21 years of age who were owners of freehold estate of £30; 'a leasehold estate worth 200 p.a. with a lease of not less than five years could also satisfy the requirements', Bennett and Bennett, p.7 (see 'Sources', below). Plural voting was permitted for those who had the qualifications for the franchise in more than one electoral district; see Terry Newman, Sandstone and Statutes: A History of the Tasmanian Parliament, (in process).

Qualifications for candidates: Candidates for Legislative Council elections had to be male British subjects of at least 30 years of age.

Electoral system and members' terms: From 1871 to 1885, the Legislative Council was composed of 16 members to be elected from 11 single member districts, a two member district (Tamar), and a three member district (Hobart). Each member was elected for a fixed six year term from the date of election, even if the election was a by-election. Fixed terms and the high incidence of by-elections prompted by resignation or death had created an uneven pattern of elections at which by-elections were as common as periodic elections in the period From 1871 to 1885.

Voting: Voting was by striking out the names of candidates on a printed ballot paper until only one name remained. Votes were counted by the first past the post (plurality) method and cast using the secret ballot (see Newman in 'References', below).

Casting vote of returning officer and voided election The periodic election for the electoral district of Huon in June 1880 was decided by the casting vote of the Returning Officer. The election was voided and a by-election for the seat of Huon was held in November 1880. These elections were part of a sequence of electoral problems for the seat of Huon which were not resolved until by-elections in 1881 and 1882; for more details, see the notes for the Huon elections, below.

References: For a description of the style of elections and parliamentary government in this period, see W A Townsley, 'Electoral Systems and Constituencies', and John Reynolds, 'Premiers and Political Leaders', in F C Green (editor), Tasmania: A Century of Responsible Government 1856-1956, pp 59-65, and 115-192, (Hobart: L G Shea, Government Printer, [1956]), and W A Townsley, Tasmania From Colony to Statehood 1803-1945, (Hobart: St. David's Park Publishing, 1991, ISBN 0724625753). On Tasmania's early adoption of the secret ballot in 1856, see Terry Newman, 'Tasmania and the Secret Ballot', Australian Journal of Politics and History, 9 (1) 2003: 93-101, and note pp 99-100 which gives an idea of the context of voting in early Tasmanian elections.

Sources

Voting figures and election results calculated from information in Scott Bennett and Barbara Bennett, Tasmanian Electoral Handbook, 1851-1982, (Kensington, NSW: Reference Section of History Project Incorporated, University of New South Wales, 1983). The difficulties of determining the accuracy of early Tasmanian election results is discussed in Scott Bennett, 'The Statistics of Tasmania and the Study of Tasmanian Elections: A Cautionary Note', in Tasmanian Historical Research Association, Papers and Proceedings, 45(4), December 1998: 237-242.


Tasmania, Legislative Council votes and seats won by electoral district

Election for the district of Hobart

Date of election
22 March 1880
Type of election
By-election for one of the three seats in this electoral district (death of member)
Date of previous election
30 June 1875
Enrolment
632
Ballots cast
482
Turnout (rate of voting)
76.27%
Total valid votes
474
Rate of informal (invalid) voting
1.66%
Informal (invalid) ballots in multiple voting system

Candidate
A McGregor
Party affiliation
Independents
Sitting member
Sitting member from by-election
First Preference vote n
279
First preference vote share %
58.86
Elected
Yes
Candidate
R Young
Party affiliation
Independents
Sitting member
Sitting member from by-election
First Preference vote n
195
First preference vote share %
41.14
Elected

Election for the district of Huon

Date of election
23 June 1880
Type of election
Periodic election (this election was later declared void; see notes)
Date of previous election
16 July 1874
Enrolment
125
Ballots cast
106
Turnout (rate of voting)
84.80%
Total valid votes
103
Rate of informal (invalid) voting
2.83%
Informal (invalid) ballots in multiple voting system

Candidate
J Solomon
Party affiliation
Independents
Sitting member
Sitting member from by-election
First Preference vote n
52
First preference vote share %
50.49
Elected
Yes
Candidate
W Fisher
Party affiliation
Independents
Sitting member
Sitting member from by-election
First Preference vote n
51
First preference vote share %
49.51
Elected

Notes

Casting vote of Returning Officer and voided election: This election was won by J Solomon over W Fisher on the casting vote of the Returning Officer. The election was later declared void as part of a sequence of electoral problems in the electoral district of Huon; see the second election for Huon in November 1880 (results below), and the subsequent elections in 1881 and 1882.

Election for the district of Huon

Date of election
5 November 1880
Type of election
By-election (voiding of previous election in June 1880; the result of this election was, in turn, questioned; see notes)
Date of previous election
23 June 1880
Enrolment
125
Ballots cast
96
Turnout (rate of voting)
76.80%
Total valid votes
93
Rate of informal (invalid) voting
3.13%
Informal (invalid) ballots in multiple voting system

Candidate
J Solomon
Party affiliation
Independents
Sitting member
Sitting member from by-election
First Preference vote n
51
First preference vote share %
54.84
Elected
Yes
Candidate
W Fisher
Party affiliation
Independents
Sitting member
Sitting member from by-election
First Preference vote n
42
First preference vote share %
45.16
Elected

Notes

Voided election: This election was part of a sequence of electoral problems in the electoral district of Huon which began at the election of June 1880; this election was won by J Solomon over W Fisher on the casting vote of the Returning Officer. The June 1880 election was declared void and a by-election was held in November 1880 (this election) at which Solomon again won against Fisher, but Solomon was later declared not to have been duly elected. Electoral problems in this electoral district continued until resolved after by-elections in 1881 and 1882.

Election for the district of Jordan

Date of election
23 June 1880
Type of election
Periodic election
Date of previous election
15 July 1874
Enrolment
241
Ballots cast
Uncontested
Turnout (rate of voting)
Not applicable
Total valid votes
Not applicable
Rate of informal (invalid) voting
Informal (invalid) ballots in multiple voting system

Candidate
J Maclanachan
Party affiliation
Independents
Sitting member
Yes
Sitting member from by-election
First Preference vote n
Uncontested
First preference vote share %
Uncontested
Elected
Yes

Election for the district of North Esk

Date of election
20 July 1880
Type of election
Periodic election
Date of previous election
Enrolment
196
Ballots cast
104
Turnout (rate of voting)
53.06%
Total valid votes
103
Rate of informal (invalid) voting
0.96%
Informal (invalid) ballots in multiple voting system

Candidate
D Cameron
Party affiliation
Independents
Sitting member
Yes
Sitting member from by-election
First Preference vote n
61
First preference vote share %
59.22
Elected
Yes
Candidate
W K Hawkes
Party affiliation
Independents
Sitting member
Sitting member from by-election
First Preference vote n
42
First preference vote share %
40.78
Elected

Election for the district of Tamar

Date of election
30 November 1880
Type of election
By-election for one of the two seats in this electoral district (seat declared vacant for non-attendance of member)
Date of previous election
11 March 1879
Enrolment
417
Ballots cast
251
Turnout (rate of voting)
60.19%
Total valid votes
248
Rate of informal (invalid) voting
1.20%
Informal (invalid) ballots in multiple voting system

Candidate
John Scott
Party affiliation
Independents
Sitting member
Sitting member from by-election
First Preference vote n
171
First preference vote share %
68.95
Elected
Yes
Candidate
F W Grubb
Party affiliation
Independents
Sitting member
Sitting member from by-election
Yes
First Preference vote n
77
First preference vote share %
31.05
Elected



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