ID 1109

Parliament of Tasmania Legislative Council annual periodic election and by-elections

Election of 28 April 1875


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Election for the Legislative Council
Tasmania
Date of election
1875
Type of Legislative Council election
Periodic elections and by-election, April to July 1875
Previous Assembly election

Government support in Legislative Council at and after election

Government majority in Legislative Council at date of periodic election
No
Government majority in new Legislative Council
No

Composition of the Legislative Council and seats to be filled at this election

Total number of seats in the Legislative Council
16
If the Legislative Council has staggered terms, the number of seats to be filled at this election
3
Casual vacancies (by-elections) and additional seats to be filled at this election (see notes)
1
Total seats to be filled at this election
4

Enrolment and voting

Total number of voters on the roll
1,792
Number of uncontested seats
3
If uncontested seats, number of voters on the roll in uncontested seats
1,616
Number of voters on the roll in contested seats
176
Total number of candidates
5
Total ballots cast (may differ from number of votes in multiple voting systems)
102
Turnout (rate of voting in contested seats)
57.95%
Total valid votes
101
Rate of informal (invalid) voting
0.98%
Informal (invalid) ballots in multiple voting system
Not applicable
Electoral system
Property and occupational franchise; plural voting permitted; 11 single member and 2 multimember electoral districts; first past the post (plurality) voting; staggered fixed six year terms (see notes)


Tasmania, Legislative Council votes and seats won, and seats held

Display Chart

Elections held in 1875
Criteria for the inclusion of parties in this table are set out in the Glossary under 'listed party'

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Party Name Candidates n First preference vote n First preference vote share % Change from previous election % Seats won by party n Seats won by party % Seats held by party n Seats held by party %
Independents (No disciplined party groupings)  101  100.00  0.00  100.00  16  100.00 
Totals 101  100.00    100.00  16  100.00 


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Notes

History of the Legislative Council: For information and references on the early history of the Legislative Council, see the note for the 1856 Legislative Council election.

Enlargement of the Legislative Council: The Electoral Act No. 4, 1870 had created the new single member Legislative Council electoral district of Mersey and, together with the Constitution Amendment Act, 1871 increased the membership of the Legislative Council to 16.

Franchise: The property qualifications for the Legislative Council franchise was reduced in 1871 by the Constitution Amendment Act of that year. Voters for the Legislative Council had to be over 21 years of age who were owners of freehold estate of £30; 'a leasehold estate worth 200 p.a. with a lease of not less than five years could also satisfy the requirements', Bennett and Bennett, p.7 (see 'Sources', below). Plural voting was permitted for those who had the qualifications for the franchise in more than one electoral district; see Terry Newman, Sandstone and Statutes: A History of the Tasmanian Parliament, (in process).

Qualifications for candidates: Candidates for Legislative Council elections had to be male British subjects of at least 30 years of age.

Electoral system and members' terms: From 1871 to 1885, the Legislative Council was composed of 16 members to be elected from 11 single member districts, a two member district (Tamar), and a three member district (Hobart). Each member was elected for a fixed six year term from the date of election, even if the election was a by-election. Fixed terms and the high incidence of by-elections prompted by resignation or death had created an uneven pattern of elections at which by-elections were as common as periodic elections in the period From 1871 to 1885.

Voting: Voting was by striking out the names of candidates on a printed ballot paper until only one name remained. Votes were counted by the first past the post (plurality) method and cast using the secret ballot (see Newman in 'References', below).

Two periodic elections for the electoral district of Hobart: The electoral district of Hobart was represented by three members, two of whom faced periodic elections in 1875. The elections were treated as two separate elections for the electoral district of Hobart, one in April, the other in June; neither election was contested.

References: For a description of the style of elections and parliamentary government in this period, see W A Townsley, 'Electoral Systems and Constituencies', and John Reynolds, 'Premiers and Political Leaders', in F C Green (editor), Tasmania: A Century of Responsible Government 1856-1956, pp 59-65, and 115-192, (Hobart: L G Shea, Government Printer, [1956]), and W A Townsley, Tasmania From Colony to Statehood 1803-1945, (Hobart: St. David's Park Publishing, 1991, ISBN 0724625753). On Tasmania's early adoption of the secret ballot in 1856, see Terry Newman, 'Tasmania and the Secret Ballot', Australian Journal of Politics and History, 9 (1) 2003: 93-101, and note pp 99-100 which gives an idea of the context of voting in early Tasmanian elections.

Sources

Voting figures and election results calculated from information in Scott Bennett and Barbara Bennett, Tasmanian Electoral Handbook, 1851-1982, (Kensington, NSW: Reference Section of History Project Incorporated, University of New South Wales, 1983). The difficulties of determining the accuracy of early Tasmanian election results is discussed in Scott Bennett, 'The Statistics of Tasmania and the Study of Tasmanian Elections: A Cautionary Note', in Tasmanian Historical Research Association, Papers and Proceedings, 45(4), December 1998: 237-242.


Tasmania, Legislative Council votes and seats won by electoral district

Election for the district of Hobart

Date of election
28 April 1875
Type of election
Periodic election for one of the three seats in this electoral district
Date of previous election
22 March 1869
Enrolment
637
Ballots cast
Uncontested
Turnout (rate of voting)
Not applicable
Total valid votes
Not applicable
Rate of informal (invalid) voting
Informal (invalid) ballots in multiple voting system

Candidate
W L Crowther
Party affiliation
Independents
Sitting member
Sitting member from by-election
Yes
First Preference vote n
Uncontested
First preference vote share %
Uncontested
Elected
Yes

Notes

Two periodic elections for the electoral district of Hobart: The electoral district of Hobart was represented by three members, two of whom faced periodic elections in 1875. The elections were treated as two separate elections for the electoral district of Hobart, one in April, the other in June.


Election for the district of Hobart

Date of election
30 June 1875
Type of election
Periodic election for one of the three seats in this electoral district
Date of previous election
12 August 1869
Enrolment
637
Ballots cast
Uncontested
Turnout (rate of voting)
Not applicable
Total valid votes
Not applicable
Rate of informal (invalid) voting
Informal (invalid) ballots in multiple voting system

Candidate
James Milne Wilson
Party affiliation
Independents
Sitting member
Sitting member from by-election
Yes
First Preference vote n
Uncontested
First preference vote share %
Uncontested
Elected
Yes

Notes

Two periodic elections for the electoral district of Hobart: The electoral district of Hobart was represented by three members, two of whom faced periodic elections in 1875. The elections were treated as two separate elections for the electoral district of Hobart, one in April, the other in June.


Election for the district of Meander

Date of election
1 July 1875
Type of election
By-election (resignation of member)
Date of previous election
30 October 1871
Enrolment
176
Ballots cast
102
Turnout (rate of voting)
57.95%
Total valid votes
101
Rate of informal (invalid) voting
0.98%
Informal (invalid) ballots in multiple voting system

Candidate
T W Field
Party affiliation
Independents
Sitting member
Sitting member from by-election
First Preference vote n
57
First preference vote share %
56.44
Elected
Yes
Candidate
H R G Dumaresq
Party affiliation
Independents
Sitting member
Sitting member from by-election
First Preference vote n
44
First preference vote share %
43.56
Elected

Election for the district of Tamar

Date of election
30 June 1875
Type of election
Periodic election for one of the two seats in this electoral district
Date of previous election
20 July 1869
Enrolment
342
Ballots cast
Uncontested
Turnout (rate of voting)
Not applicable
Total valid votes
Not applicable
Rate of informal (invalid) voting
Informal (invalid) ballots in multiple voting system

Candidate
W D Grubb
Party affiliation
Independents
Sitting member
Sitting member from by-election
Yes
First Preference vote n
Uncontested
First preference vote share %
Uncontested
Elected
Yes



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