ID 1099

Parliament of Tasmania Legislative Council annual periodic election and by-elections

Election of 25 June 1865


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Election for the Legislative Council
Tasmania
Date of election
1865
Type of Legislative Council election
Periodic elections and by-elections, May to November 1865
Previous Assembly election

Government support in Legislative Council at and after election

Government majority in Legislative Council at date of periodic election
No
Government majority in new Legislative Council
No

Composition of the Legislative Council and seats to be filled at this election

Total number of seats in the Legislative Council
15
If the Legislative Council has staggered terms, the number of seats to be filled at this election
4
Casual vacancies (by-elections) and additional seats to be filled at this election (see notes)
2
Total seats to be filled at this election
6

Enrolment and voting

Total number of voters on the roll
2,553
Number of uncontested seats
3
If uncontested seats, number of voters on the roll in uncontested seats
896
Number of voters on the roll in contested seats
1,657
Total number of candidates
9
Total ballots cast (may differ from number of votes in multiple voting systems)
1,005
Turnout (rate of voting in contested seats)
60.65%
Total valid votes
996
Rate of informal (invalid) voting
0.9%
Informal (invalid) ballots in multiple voting system
Not applicable
Electoral system
Property and occupational franchise; plural voting permitted; 10 single member and 2 multimember electoral districts; first past the post (plurality) voting; staggered fixed six year terms (see notes)


Tasmania, Legislative Council votes and seats won, and seats held

Display Chart

Elections held in 1865
Criteria for the inclusion of parties in this table are set out in the Glossary under 'listed party'

* to view table drag left or right.
Party Name Candidates n First preference vote n First preference vote share % Change from previous election % Seats won by party n Seats won by party % Seats held by party n Seats held by party %
Independents (No disciplined party groupings)  996  100.00  100.00  15  100.00 
Totals 996  100.00    100.00  15  100.00 


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* Party did not contest previous election or did not meet criteria for listing, or contested previous election under a different party name.

Notes

History of the Legislative Council: For information and references on the early history of the Legislative Council, see the note for the 1856 Legislative Council election.

Franchise: The franchise for the Legislative Council 'was conferred on males over 21 years who were owners of freehold estate of £50 annual value or who were graduates, barristers, solicitors, medical practitioners, ministers of religion or officers, including retired officers, or Her Majesty's forces'; Townsley, Tasmania, p. 111, (see 'References', below). Plural voting was permitted for those who had the qualifications for the franchise in more than one electoral district; see Terry Newman, Sandstone and Statutes: A History of the Tasmanian Parliament, (in process), and note Bennett and Bennett, pp 5-6 (see 'Sources', below).

Qualifications for candidates: Candidates for Legislative Council elections had to be male British subjects of at least 30 years of age.

Electoral system and members' terms: The Legislative Council was composed of 15 members to be elected from ten single member districts, a two member district (Tamar), and a three member district (Hobart). Each member was elected for a fixed six year term from the date of election, even if the election was a by-election. Coupled with the fact that Legislative Council could not be dissolved -- there could be no general election for the Legislative Council -- this meant that a member could choose to force a by-election for his electoral district before the end of the fixed term and win another full six year term. This, together with by-elections prompted by death and resignation, created an uneven pattern of elections at which by-elections were more common than periodic elections until 1870.

Voting: Voting was by striking out the names of candidates on a printed ballot paper until only one name remained. Votes were counted by the first past the post (plurality) method and cast using the secret ballot (see Newman in 'References', below).

Missing information for this election: The enrolment figures are taken from the 1856 Legislative Council elections. Information on the number of informal (invalid) ballots is not available for the electoral districts of Hobart and Tamar; this may have understated the number of ballots cast and the rate of informal (invalid) voting in the table above.

Periodic elections and by-elections: This was the first Legislative Council election since the first election in 1856 at which there had been fewer by-elections than regular periodic elections. This reflected the end of several of those six year terms which were confirmed by the changes of 1859; the the note for 1859 Legislative Council election.

References: For a description of the style of elections and parliamentary government in this period, see W A Townsley, 'Electoral Systems and Constituencies', and John Reynolds, 'Premiers and Political Leaders', in F C Green (editor), Tasmania: A Century of Responsible Government 1856-1956, pp 59-65, and 115-192, (Hobart: L G Shea, Government Printer, [1956]), and W A Townsley, Tasmania From Colony to Statehood 1803-1945, pp 111-128 (Hobart: St David's Park Publishing, 1991, ISBN 0724625753). On Tasmania's early adoption of the secret ballot in 1856, see Terry Newman, 'Tasmania and the Secret Ballot', Australian Journal of Politics and History, 9 (1) 2003: 93-101, and note pp 99-100 which gives an idea of the context of voting in early Tasmanian elections.

Sources

Voting figures and election results calculated from information in Scott Bennett and Barbara Bennett, Tasmanian Electoral Handbook, 1851-1982, (Kensington, NSW: Reference Section of History Project Incorporated, University of New South Wales, 1983). The difficulties of determining the accuracy of early Tasmanian election results is discussed in Scott Bennett, 'The Statistics of Tasmania and the Study of Tasmanian Elections: A Cautionary Note', in Tasmanian Historical Research Association, Papers and Proceedings, 45(4), December 1998: 237-242.


Tasmania, Legislative Council votes and seats won by electoral district

Election for the district of Buckingham

Date of election
16 October 1865
Type of election
Periodic election
Date of previous election
29 September 1959
Enrolment
406
Ballots cast
Uncontested
Turnout (rate of voting)
Not applicable
Total valid votes
Not applicable
Rate of informal (invalid) voting
Informal (invalid) ballots in multiple voting system

Candidate
T Y Lowes
Party affiliation
Independents
Sitting member
Sitting member from by-election
Yes
First Preference vote n
Uncontested
First preference vote share %
Uncontested
Elected
Yes

Election for the district of Derwent

Date of election
25 November 1865
Type of election
Periodic election
Date of previous election
24 October 1859
Enrolment
175
Ballots cast
Uncontested
Turnout (rate of voting)
Not applicable
Total valid votes
Not applicable
Rate of informal (invalid) voting
Informal (invalid) ballots in multiple voting system

Candidate
W Langdon
Party affiliation
Sitting member
Yes
Sitting member from by-election
First Preference vote n
Uncontested
First preference vote share %
Uncontested
Elected
Yes

Election for the district of Hobart

Date of election
15 June 1865
Type of election
By-election for one of the three seats in this electoral district (resignation of member)
Date of previous election
10 October 1859
Enrolment
646
Ballots cast
385
Turnout (rate of voting)
59.60%
Total valid votes
385
Rate of informal (invalid) voting
0.00%
Informal (invalid) ballots in multiple voting system

Candidate
A Kennerley
Party affiliation
Independents
Sitting member
Sitting member from by-election
First Preference vote n
226
First preference vote share %
58.70
Elected
Yes
Candidate
H Hopkins
Party affiliation
Independents
Sitting member
Sitting member from by-election
First Preference vote n
159
First preference vote share %
41.30
Elected

Election for the district of Hobart

Date of election
21 November 1865
Type of election
Periodic election for one of the three seats in this electoral district
Date of previous election
18 October 1859
Enrolment
646
Ballots cast
416
Turnout (rate of voting)
64.40%
Total valid votes
407
Rate of informal (invalid) voting
2.16%
Informal (invalid) ballots in multiple voting system

Candidate
James Milne Wilson
Party affiliation
Independents
Sitting member
Yes
Sitting member from by-election
First Preference vote n
224
First preference vote share %
55.04
Elected
Yes
Candidate
Philip Oakley Fysh
Party affiliation
Independents
Sitting member
Sitting member from by-election
First Preference vote n
183
First preference vote share %
44.96
Elected

Election for the district of Meander

Date of election
25 June 1865
Type of election
Periodic election
Date of previous election
5 May 1859
Enrolment
315
Ballots cast
Uncontested
Turnout (rate of voting)
Not applicable
Total valid votes
Not applicable
Rate of informal (invalid) voting
Informal (invalid) ballots in multiple voting system

Candidate
W E Nairn
Party affiliation
Independents
Sitting member
Sitting member from by-election
Yes
First Preference vote n
Uncontested
First preference vote share %
Uncontested
Elected
Yes

Election for the district of Tamar

Date of election
2 May 1865
Type of election
By-election for one of the two seats in this electoral district (resignation of member)
Date of previous election
5 June 1863
Enrolment
365
Ballots cast
204
Turnout (rate of voting)
55.89%
Total valid votes
204
Rate of informal (invalid) voting
0.00%
Informal (invalid) ballots in multiple voting system

Candidate
C J Weedon
Party affiliation
Independents
Sitting member
Sitting member from by-election
First Preference vote n
137
First preference vote share %
67.16
Elected
Yes
Candidate
A Stewart
Party affiliation
Independents
Sitting member
Sitting member from by-election
First Preference vote n
67
First preference vote share %
32.84
Elected



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