ID 1098

Parliament of Tasmania Legislative Council annual periodic election and by-elections

Election of 31 May 1864


Show only vote and seat summary details

Previous election in this series | Next election in this series
Election for the Legislative Council
Tasmania
Date of election
1864
Type of Legislative Council election
Periodic election and by-elections, January to November 1864
Previous Assembly election

Government support in Legislative Council at and after election

Government majority in Legislative Council at date of periodic election
No
Government majority in new Legislative Council
No

Composition of the Legislative Council and seats to be filled at this election

Total number of seats in the Legislative Council
15
If the Legislative Council has staggered terms, the number of seats to be filled at this election
1
Casual vacancies (by-elections) and additional seats to be filled at this election (see notes)
3
Total seats to be filled at this election
4

Enrolment and voting

Total number of voters on the roll
653
Number of uncontested seats
4
If uncontested seats, number of voters on the roll in uncontested seats
653
Number of voters on the roll in contested seats
Not applicable
Total number of candidates
4
Total ballots cast (may differ from number of votes in multiple voting systems)
Not applicable
Turnout (rate of voting in contested seats)
See notes
Total valid votes
0
Rate of informal (invalid) voting
Not applicable
Informal (invalid) ballots in multiple voting system
Not applicable
Electoral system
Property and occupational franchise; plural voting permitted; 10 single member and 2 multimember electoral districts; first past the post (plurality) voting; staggered fixed six year terms (see notes)


Tasmania, Legislative Council votes and seats won, and seats held

Display Chart

Elections held in 1864
Criteria for the inclusion of parties in this table are set out in the Glossary under 'listed party'

* to view table drag left or right.
Party Name Candidates n First preference vote n First preference vote share % Change from previous election % Seats won by party n Seats won by party % Seats held by party n Seats held by party %
Independents (No disciplined party groupings)        100.00  15  100.00 
Totals 0.00    100.00  15  100.00 


Previous election in this series | Next election in this series | Display Chart

Notes

History of the Legislative Council: For information and references on the early history of the Legislative Council, see the note for the 1856 Legislative Council election.

Franchise: The franchise for the Legislative Council 'was conferred on males over 21 years who were owners of freehold estate of £50 annual value or who were graduates, barristers, solicitors, medical practitioners, ministers of religion or officers, including retired officers, or Her Majesty's forces'; Townsley, Tasmania, p. 111, (see 'References', below). Plural voting was permitted for those who had the qualifications for the franchise in more than one electoral district; see Terry Newman, Sandstone and Statutes: A History of the Tasmanian Parliament, (in process), and note Bennett and Bennett, pp 5-6 (see 'Sources', below).

Qualifications for candidates: Candidates for Legislative Council elections had to be male British subjects of at least 30 years of age.

Electoral system and members' terms: The Legislative Council was composed of 15 members to be elected from ten single member districts, a two member district (Tamar), and a three member district (Hobart). Each member was elected for a fixed six year term from the date of election, even if the election was a by-election. Coupled with the fact that Legislative Council could not be dissolved -- there could be no general election for the Legislative Council -- this meant that a member could choose to force a by-election for his electoral district before the end of the fixed term and win another full six year term. This, together with by-elections prompted by death and resignation, created an uneven pattern of elections at which by-elections were more common than periodic elections until 1870.

Voting: Voting was by striking out the names of candidates on a printed ballot paper until only one name remained. Votes were counted by the first past the post (plurality) method and cast using the secret ballot (see Newman in 'References', below).

Missing information for this election: The enrolment figures are taken from the 1856 Legislative Council elections.

Uncontested periodic election and by-elections: Three of the four elections in 1864 were by-elections, and all were uncontested; the winning candidates were elected without any votes being cast (this explains the blanks in the tables above). Two by-elections were prompted by resignations, and one by the death of the member. The uncontested periodic election for the electoral district of Jordon was the first periodic election for any district since 1859.

References: For a description of the style of elections and parliamentary government in this period, see W A Townsley, 'Electoral Systems and Constituencies', and John Reynolds, 'Premiers and Political Leaders', in F C Green (editor), Tasmania: A Century of Responsible Government 1856-1956, pp 59-65, and 115-192, (Hobart: L G Shea, Government Printer, [1956]), and W A Townsley, Tasmania From Colony to Statehood 1803-1945, pp 111-128 (Hobart: St David's Park Publishing, 1991, ISBN 0724625753). On Tasmania's early adoption of the secret ballot in 1856, see Terry Newman, 'Tasmania and the Secret Ballot', Australian Journal of Politics and History, 9 (1) 2003: 93-101, and note pp 99-100 which gives an idea of the context of voting in early Tasmanian elections.

Sources

Voting figures and election results calculated from information in Scott Bennett and Barbara Bennett, Tasmanian Electoral Handbook, 1851-1982, (Kensington, NSW: Reference Section of History Project Incorporated, University of New South Wales, 1983). The difficulties of determining the accuracy of early Tasmanian election results is discussed in Scott Bennett, 'The Statistics of Tasmania and the Study of Tasmanian Elections: A Cautionary Note', in Tasmanian Historical Research Association, Papers and Proceedings, 45(4), December 1998: 237-242.


Tasmania, Legislative Council votes and seats won by electoral district

Election for the district of Cambridge

Date of election
27 January 1864
Type of election
By-election (resignation of member)
Date of previous election
19 October 1859
Enrolment
150
Ballots cast
Uncontested
Turnout (rate of voting)
Not applicable
Total valid votes
Not applicable
Rate of informal (invalid) voting
Informal (invalid) ballots in multiple voting system

Candidate
E Abbott
Party affiliation
Independents
Sitting member
Sitting member from by-election
First Preference vote n
Uncontested
First preference vote share %
Uncontested
Elected
Yes

Election for the district of Huon

Date of election
23 November 1864
Type of election
By-election (death of member)
Date of previous election
21 October 1859
Enrolment
144
Ballots cast
Uncontested
Turnout (rate of voting)
Not applicable
Total valid votes
Not applicable
Rate of informal (invalid) voting
Informal (invalid) ballots in multiple voting system

Candidate
A Kissock
Party affiliation
Sitting member
Sitting member from by-election
First Preference vote n
Uncontested
First preference vote share %
Uncontested
Elected
Yes

Election for the district of Jordan

Date of election
31 May 1864
Type of election
Periodic election
Date of previous election
13 May 1858
Enrolment
208
Ballots cast
Uncontested
Turnout (rate of voting)
Not applicable
Total valid votes
Not applicable
Rate of informal (invalid) voting
Informal (invalid) ballots in multiple voting system

Candidate
E Bisdee
Party affiliation
Independents
Sitting member
Sitting member from by-election
Yes
First Preference vote n
Uncontested
First preference vote share %
Uncontested
Elected
Yes

Election for the district of North Esk

Date of election
17 June 1864
Type of election
By-election (resignation of member)
Date of previous election
30 September 1859
Enrolment
151
Ballots cast
Uncontested
Turnout (rate of voting)
Not applicable
Total valid votes
Not applicable
Rate of informal (invalid) voting
Informal (invalid) ballots in multiple voting system

Candidate
R Q Kermode
Party affiliation
Independents
Sitting member
Sitting member from by-election
First Preference vote n
Uncontested
First preference vote share %
Uncontested
Elected
Yes



Top