ID 1084

Parliament of Tasmania, House of Assembly election

Election of 3 October 1866


Show only vote and seat summary details

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General election for the House of Assembly
Tasmania
Date of election (or first day of voting at elections held over more than one day)
3 October 1866

Government in office and parliamentary support before and after the election

Government in office at election

Premier in office at date of election. (check notes to see if change of Premier since previous election)
Premier's party affiliation
Support from parliamentary factions and independents
House of Assembly support for government at election
Minority
If coalition, coalition partner(s)

Government in office after election

Premier in office after election.
Premier's party affiliation
Support from parliamentary factions and independents
House of Assembly support for government after election
Minority
If coalition, coalition partner(s)

Enrolment and voting

Total number of voters on the roll
11,217
Number of Assembly seats
30
Number of uncontested seats
14
If uncontested seats, number of voters on the roll in uncontested seats
4,065
Number of voters on the roll in contested seats
7,152
Total ballots cast (may differ from number of votes in multiple voting systems)
4,100
Turnout (rate of voting in contested seats)
57.33%
Total valid votes
11,962
Rate of informal (invalid) voting
Not applicable
Informal (invalid) ballots in multiple voting system
174
Electoral system
Property and occupational franchise, plural voting, single and multimember districts, first past the post (plurality) voting (see notes)


Tasmania, House of Assembly votes and seats won

Display Chart

Election held on 3 October 1866
Criteria for the inclusion of parties in this table are set out in the Glossary under 'listed party'

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Party Name First preference vote n First preference vote share % Change from previous election % Seats won n Uncontested seats held n Seat share %
Independents (No disciplined party groupings)  11,962  100.00  0.00  30  14  100.00 
Votes for other than listed parties 0 0.00 0.00       
Totals 11,962  100.00    30  14  100.00 


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Notes

Election dates: Elections were held over the period from 3 to 26 October 1866.

Premier in office at election: Charles Meredith, the Colonial Treasurer in Whyte's government and leader of the government in the House of Assembly, introduced a proposal for a property and income tax which was defeated. 'As nobody was prepared to carry on the government, an election was inevitable and Parliament was dissolved', Reynolds, p. 136, (see 'References', below). For more references on the Premier's career, click on Whyte's name in the 'Government in office at election' table, above.

Premier in office after election: 'The election on the old narrow franchise resulted in a defeat for the supporters of Whyte and Meredith who resigned as soon as the new Parliament opened on 20 November, 1866', Reynolds, p. 136, (see 'References', below). Dry was then commissioned to form a government. For more references on the Premier's career, click on Dry's name in the 'Government in office after election' table, above.

Franchise: The franchise was granted to 'males over 21 who possessed a freehold estate worth £100 clear, to householders paying £10 annual rent, to salary earners of £100 per annum upwards, and to those with professional qualifications' (graduates, barristers, solicitors, medical practitioners, ministers of religion, or officers, including retired officers, of Her Majesty's forces); Townsley, Tasmania, p. 111, (see 'References', below). The franchise had to be claimed annually. Plural voting was permitted for those who had the qualifications for the franchise in more than one electoral district; see Terry Newman, Sandstone and Statutes: A History of the Tasmanian Parliament, (in process), and note Bennett and Bennett, pp 5-6 (see 'Sources', below).

Electoral system and voting: Thirty members were elected to the House of Assembly from 22 single member electoral districts and 2 multimember districts; Hobart Town with 5 members, and Launceston with 3 members. Voting was by striking out the names of candidates on a printed ballot paper until, for single member districts, only one name remained. In the case of Hobart Town and Launceston, 5 and 3 names respectively had to remain after the names of other candidates on the ballot had been struck out. For all districts, if more or fewer names remained on the ballot than the number of members to be elected from the district, the ballot was declared invalid. Votes were counted by the first past the post (plurality) method and cast using the secret ballot (see Newman in 'References', below).

Missing data: No enrolment data are available for one of the 14 uncontested electoral districts (Fingal). No record of the number of informal (invalid) ballots is available for 6 of the 10 contested electoral districts, including the 3 member district of Launceston.

References: For a description of the style of elections and parliamentary government in this period, see W A Townsley, 'Electoral Systems and Constituencies', and John Reynolds, 'Premiers and Political Leaders', in F C Green (editor), Tasmania: A Century of Responsible Government 1856-1956, pp 59-65, and 115-192, (Hobart: L G Shea, Government Printer, [1956]), and W A Townsley, Tasmania From Colony to Statehood 1803-1945, pp 111-128 (Hobart: St David's Park Publishing, 1991, ISBN 0724625753). On Tasmania's early adoption of the secret ballot in 1856, see Terry Newman, 'Tasmania and the Secret Ballot', Australian Journal of Politics and History, 9 (1) 2003: 93-101, and note pp 99-100 which gives an idea of the context of voting in early Tasmanian elections.

Sources

Voting figures and election results calculated from information in Scott Bennett and Barbara Bennett, Tasmanian Electoral Handbook, 1851-1982, (Kensington, NSW: Reference Section of History Project Incorporated, University of New South Wales, 1983). The difficulties of determining the accuracy of early Tasmanian election results is discussed in Scott Bennett, 'The Statistics of Tasmania and the Study of Tasmanian Elections: A Cautionary Note', in Tasmanian Historical Research Association, Papers and Proceedings, 45(4), December 1998: 237-242.



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