ID 1050

Parliament of New South Wales Legislative Council election

Election of 25 March 1995


Show only vote and seat summary details

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Election for the Legislative Council
New South Wales
Date of election
25 March 1995
Type of Legislative Council election
Half of Council to be elected (see note)
Related or previous Assembly election

Government support in Legislative Council at and after election

Government majority in Legislative Council at date of election
No
Government majority in new Legislative Council
No

Composition of the Legislative Council and seats to be filled at this election

Total number of seats in the Legislative Council
42
If the Legislative Council has staggered terms, the number of seats to be filled at this election
21
Casual vacancies (by-elections) and additional seats to be filled at this election (see notes)
Not applicable
Total seats to be filled at this election
21

Enrolment and voting

Total number of voters on the roll
3,837,102
Number of uncontested seats
0
If uncontested seats, number of voters on the roll in uncontested seats
Not applicable
Number of voters on the roll in contested seats
3,837,102
Total number of candidates
99
Total ballots cast (may differ from number of votes in multiple voting systems)
3,599,139
Turnout (rate of voting in contested seats)
93.80%
Total valid votes
3,379,179
Rate of informal (invalid) voting
6.11%
Informal (invalid) ballots in multiple voting system
Not applicable
Electoral system
Universal suffrage (at 18 years), statewide (at large) voting with a half of the seats to be elected at each election, proportional representation by STV, optional preferences (but a minimum of 15 preferences to be indicated), above the line voting permitted, compulsory voting (see notes)


New South Wales, Legislative Council votes and seats won, and seats held

Display Chart

Elections held in 25 March 1995
Criteria for the inclusion of parties in this table are set out in the Glossary under 'listed party'

* to view table drag left or right.
Party Name Candidates n First preference vote n First preference vote share % Change from previous election % Seats won by party n Seats won by party % Seats held by party n Seats held by party %
Liberal Party - National Party (joint ticket)  13  1,300,743  38.49  -6.84  38.10     
Australian Labor Party  15  1,191,177  35.25  -2.04  38.10  17  40.48 
Greens  126,591  3.75  +0.43  4.76  2.38 
Australian Democrats  108,312  3.21  -3.49  4.76  4.76 
Call to Australia  101,556  3.01  -0.57  4.76  4.76 
Shooters Party  95,943  2.84  4.76  2.38 
Independents  78,100  2.31  +1.31       
Australians Against Further Immigration  55,864  1.65       
No Aircraft Noise Party  45,105  1.33       
A Better Future For Our Children  43,225  1.28  4.76  2.38 
Daylight Saving Extension Party  43,164  1.28       
Smokers Rights Party  32,470  0.96       
The Seniors Party  27,914  0.83       
Country Party  20,162  0.60       
Citizens Opinion Law & Order  19,081  0.56       
Riders and Motorists Party  16,532  0.49       
Public Hospital Alliance  12,767  0.38       
Independent EFF (Enterprise, Freedom & Family)  12,012  0.36       
Grey Power  9,157  0.27       
Indigenous Peoples Party  8,457  0.25       
Democratic Socialists  8,303  0.25       
Abolish State Government  7,846  0.23       
Natural Law Party  5,784  0.17       
Stop Dual Occupancy  4,005  0.12       
Citizens Electoral Council  2,687  0.08       
Confederate Action Party  2,222  0.07       
Liberal Party              12  28.57 
National Party              14.29 
Totals 99  3,379,179  100.00    21  100.00  42  100.00 


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* Party did not contest previous election or did not meet criteria for listing, or contested previous election under a different party name.

Notes

History of the Legislative Council: For information and references on the evolution of the Legislative Council, see the note for the 1978 Legislative Council election.

Electoral system: The members of the Legislative Council were elected for two Legislative Assembly terms (a maximum of 8 years), half the membership (21 members) retiring every Legislative Council election which was held at the same time as general elections for the Assembly. The state was one electoral district (see at large election) and members were elected using proportional representation by the single transferable vote method (STV) with optional preferences above a minimum of 15 ranked candidates, and above the line voting; see Clune and Griffith, pp. 503-515, and Twomey, pp. 346-350, (see 'References', below), and the two publications by Green (in 'Sources', below).

This was the first election at which 21 vacancies were to be filled, reducing the quota of votes required to be elected to 4.55 percent (first preference votes and transferred votes). This encouraged a wide range of minor parties and interest groups to contest the election; see Green, NSW Legislative Council Elections 1995 p. 5, (see 'Sources', below), Rodney Smith, pp. 134-136, and Tony Smith, pp. 360-363, (see 'References', below). This election was the precursor to the flood of party groupings that contested the 1999 election and which prompted a major revision to the electoral rules for parties being able to contest Legislative Council elections in New South Wales.

Liberal and National parties: As with Senate contests in New South Wales, the Liberal Party and the National Party ran a joint ticket for the Legislative Council election, combining candidates from both parties; see seats won by ticket, seats won by party, and seats held by party.

Shooters Party: This party was formed by John Tingle in 1992 to fight restrictions on semi-automatic weapons proposed by the government; see Rodney Smith, p. 102 (see 'References', below).

Independents: The candidates and votes shown for Independents for this Legislative Council election in the table above are the sum of two groups of Independents and 2 other candidates who ran without party or group affiliation in the ungrouped category on the ballot paper (2,264 votes). The two groups of Independents were the 3 candidates in 'The Australian Independent Coalition' group (Group A) which benefitted from being the first group listed on the ballot paper (57,573 votes), and 2 candidates who ran as the 'Environment Independents' group (Group D) (18,263 votes).

A Better Future for our Children: This party was founded by Alan Corbett who '... was a teacher and education lecturer who started his party after reflecting on policies and practices for teacher who had to deal with abused children and children at risk', Rodney Smith, pp. 102-103, (see 'References', below). The unexpected success of this party in winning a seat in the Legislative Council was a major factor in prompting many other groups to contest the Legislative Council elections of 1999

Independent EFF: The Independent EFF (Enterprise, Freedom and Family) group were a group of independents which had operated as a quasi-party since they first contested a Legislative Council election in 1988, but the candidates maintained an anti-party stance; see Rodney Smith, pp. 96-97, (see 'References', below). The group fielded candidates for the 1988 and 1995 Legislative Council elections, but formed a joint ticket with other groups of independents for the 1991 Legislative Council election.

References: A comprehensive study of the Legislative Council's history and operation can be found in David Clune and Gareth Griffith, Decision and Deliberation: The Parliament of New South Wales 1856-2003, (Sydney: Federation Press, 2006, ISBN 186287591X), and Anne Twomey, The Constitution of New South Wales, (Sydney: Federation Press, 2004, ISBN 1862875162).

For a survey of this election and the preceding period, see Tony Smith, '1995', in Michael Hogan and David Clune (editors), The People's Choice: Electoral Politics in 20th Century New South Wales, vol. 3 (1968-1999), pp. 323-368, (Sydney: Parliament of New South Wales and University of Sydney, 2001, ISBN 0909907412); pp. 360-363, deal with issues directly relating to the Legislative Council election. For a study of minor parties and groups contesting New South Wales elections, see Rodney Smith, Against the Machines: Minor Parties and Independents in New South Wales 1910-2006, (Sydney: Federation Press, 2006, ISBN 9781862876231).

Sources

Antony Green, NSW Legislative Council Elections 1995, (Sydney: New South Wales Parliamentary Library Research Service, Background Paper 1996/2, ISSN 1325-4456 ISBN 0731059530), online here [accessed 13 August 2015]; Antony Green, Electing the New South Wales Legislative Council 1978 to 1995: Past Results and Future Prospects, (Sydney: New South Wales Parliamentary Library, Background Paper No. 1995/2, ISSN 8017-3796; ISBN 724095686), online here [accessed 13 August 2015]; Colin A Hughes, A Handbook of Australian Government and Politics 1985-1999, pp. 306-307, (Sydney: Federation Press, 2002, ISBN 1862874344).



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