Election held on 20 July 2002
Criteria for the inclusion of parties in this table are set out in the Glossary under 'listed party'
|Party Name||First preference vote n||First preference vote share %||Change from previous election %||Seats won n||Uncontested seats held n||Seat share %|
|Australian Labor Party||153,798||51.88||+7.09||14||0||56.00|
|Tasmania First Party||529||0.18||-4.92||0|
|Votes for other than listed parties||0||0.00||0.00|
* Party did not contest previous election or did not meet criteria for listing, or contested previous election under a different party name.
Government in office at election: At the previous general election for the House of Assembly on 29 August 1998, the Australian Labor Party won of 14 of the 25 Assembly seats, and Bacon was commissioned as Premier of an Australian Labor Party majority government (for information on the reduction in the membership of House of Assembly in 1998, see the notes to the 1998 House of Assembly elections.
Government in office after election: At the general election for the House of Assembly on 20 July 2002 (this election), the Australian Labor Party won of 14 of the 25 Assembly seats, and Bacon was recommissioned as Premier of an Australian Labor Party majority government.
Electoral system and voting: The Constitution Amendment Act 1906 '... reduced the number of Assembly districts to five, the boundaries of which were to be identical with the five Commonwealth electoral districts', Bennett and Bennett, p.12, (see 'Sources', below). The 1906 Act specified six members in each electoral district, but this was increased to seven from 1959, and then reduced to five from 1998 creating a House of Assembly of 25 (see the notes to the 1998 House of Assembly elections).
The Electoral Act 1907 introduced proportional representation by the single transferable vote (STV) method to elect all members of the Assembly, a method which became known as the Hare-Clark system. For details of the adoption of STV and references on the operation of the electoral system, see the notes to the 1909 House of Assembly elections.
From 1980, candidates' names were rotated within party lists on the ballots under a system of Robson rotation; for details, see the note to the 1979 House of Assembly election.
The Electoral Amendment Act of 1917 provided that '... casual vacancies be filled, not by a fresh poll of the electorate [by-election] but by a re-count [countback] of the ballot papers which elected the vacating member. Candidates at the preceding general election were required to apply to be considered candidates....', Hughes and Graham, 1890-1964, p. 590 (see 'Sources', below). For a brief summary of changes to the electoral system from 1909 to 1994, see Terry Newman, Representation of the Tasmanian People, Expanded edition 1803-1994, Appendix 2 (Hobart: Tasmanian Parliamentary Library, 1994, ISBN 0724642475).
Liberal Party: The Liberal Party won less than 28 percent of the first preference vote, its smallest vote share for candidates running under this party name since 1925.
Socialist Alliance Party: This was the first time for more than twenty-five years that a socialist party had contested seats at a House of Assembly election; the Workers Party, and the Socialist Workers Party had each fielded candidates for the 1976 House of Assembly election.
Independents: Changes to the Electoral Act in 1941 meant that candidates who ran for election without any stated party affiliation (Independents) could run with one or more other like-minded Independents as a 'group' on the ballot paper, or be listed with all other Independent candidates in that electoral district in an 'ungrouped' list; for details, see the note to the 1941 House of Assembly elections.
The vote shown for Independents in the table above is the vote gained by the combination of both sets of Independent candidates. Eleven candidates ran as members of five groups of Independents and gained 2,667 first preference, with no candidate being elected. In addition, six 'ungrouped' Independent candidates gained 1,804 first preference votes; none of these candidates was elected.
References: Reviews and analysis of this election can be found in Tony McCall and Marcus Haward, 'The Tasmanian General Election of 20 July 2002', Australian Journal of Political Science, volume 38 (1) March 2003: 133-140, Richard Herr, 'Tasmania', Australian Journal of Politics and History, Australian Political Chronicle, July-December 2002, 49 (2) June 2003: 293-299, and note Kate Crowley, 'The Rise and Rise of the Tasmanian Greens: The State Election of 2002', Environmental Politics, 12 (1) Spring 2003: 322-240.
Information for this election was taken from 'House of Assembly Election Results, 1909-2006', Tasmanian Parliamentary Library, Tasmanian Parliament website: https://bit.ly/2uvczZ8 ; Scott Bennett and Barbara Bennett, Tasmanian Electoral Handbook, 1851-1982, (Kensington, NSW: Reference Section of History Project Incorporated, University of New South Wales, 1983); Colin A Hughes and B D Graham, A Handbook of Australian Government and Politics 1890-1964, (Canberra: Australian National University Press, 1968, SBN 708102700); and Report on Parliamentary Elections 1999 to 2002, (Hobart: Tasmanian Electoral Office, 2003), online at: https://bit.ly/2r2OeIX