ID 0764

Commonwealth Parliament, Senate election

Election of 10 December 1955


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General election for the Senate
Commonwealth of Australia
Date of election
10 December 1955
Type of Senate election
Half Senate with House of Representatives

Government in office at Senate election

Prime Minister in office at date of Senate election. (check notes to Senate national summary table to see if change of Prime Minister since previous election)
Prime Minister's party affiliation
Liberal Party
Government majority in Senate at date of election
Yes
Change of government
No
Government majority in new Senate
Yes
If coalition, coalition partner(s)
Country Party

Senate enrolment and voting

Total number of voters on the roll
5,581,093
Total ballots cast (may differ from number of votes in multiple voting systems)
4,914,094
Turnout (rate of voting in contested seats)
95.01%
Total valid votes
4,441,025
Rate of informal (invalid) voting
9.63%

Electoral composition of the Senate for this election

Total number of seats in the Senate
60
Total number of seats for each state
10
Number of seats for each territory
Seats to be filled at this Senate election
30
Casual vacancies/additional seats included in seats to be filled
0
Electoral System
Adult franchise at 21 years; multimember districts; proportional representation by the single transferable vote method (STV); compulsory preferences; compulsory voting

Senate votes and seats won, and seats held, national summary

Display Chart

Election held on 10 December 1955
Criteria for the inclusion of parties in this table are set out in the Glossary under 'listed party'

* to view table drag left or right.
Party Name First preference vote n First preference vote share % Change from previous election % Seats won by ticket n Seats won by ticket % Seats won by party n Seats won by party % Seats held by party n Seats held by party %
Australian Labor Party   1,803,335  40.61  -10.01  12  40.00  12  40.00  28  46.67 
Liberal Party - Country Party (joint ticket)  1,748,878  39.38  +12.93  26.67         
Liberal Party  384,732  8.66  -9.32  26.67  13  43.33  24  40.00 
Anti-Communist Labor Party (Democratic Labor Party from 1958)  271,067  6.10  3.33  3.33  3.33 
Communist Party   161,869  3.64  +0.59           
Country Party  27,850  0.63  3.33  13.33  10.00 
Votes for other than listed parties 43,294 0.97 -0.93             
Totals 4,441,025  100.00    30  100.00  30  100.00  60  100.00 


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* Party did not contest previous election or did not meet criteria for listing, or contested previous election under a different party name.

Notes

In the table above, see the Glossary distinctions between Seats won by ticket and Seats won by party, and between Seats won by party and Seats held by party.

The Anti-Communist Labor Party senator (George Ronald Cole) listed under Seats held by party, was elected at the 1953 Senate election from Tasmania as a member of the Australian Labor Party but had chosen to sit in the Senate as a member of the Anti-Communist Labor Party (the precursor of the Democratic Labor Party) before the 1955 election.

Sources

Colin A Hughes and B D Graham, A Handbook of Australian Government and Politics 1890-1964, Canberra; Australian National University Press, 1968 (SBN 708102700); Gerard Newman, Federal Election Results 1949-2001, Canberra: Commonwealth Parliament, Department of the Parliamentary Library, Information and Research Services, Research Paper 9 2001-02, 2002 (ISSN 1328 7478).



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